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Mercury 8

From Academic Kids

Mercury 8
Mission Insignia
Missing image
Sigma_7_insignia.jpg
Mercury 8 insignia

Mission Statistics
Mission Name:Mercury MA-8
Call Sign:Sigma 7
Number of
Crew Members:
1
Launch:October 3, 1962
12:15:11 UTC
Cape Canaveral
Complex 14
Landing:October 3, 1962
21:28:22 UTC
32° 7' 30"N - 174° 45' W
440 km NE
Midway Is. Pacific
Duration:9 hours 13 min 11 s
Number of
Orbits:
6
Distance
Traveled:
143,983 mi
231,718 km
Maximum
velocity:
17,558 mph
28,257 km/h
Peak acceleration:8.1 g (79 m/s²)
Mass:1,370 kg
Crew Picture
Mercury 8 crew portrait (Schirra)
Enlarge
Mercury 8 crew portrait (Schirra)
Wally Schirra


Mercury 8 in Hangar (NASA)
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Mercury 8 in Hangar (NASA)
Contents

Crew

Backup Crew

Mission Parameters


See also

Mission Highlights

Mercury 8 was a Mercury program manned space mission launched on October 3, 1962. The capsule was named "Sigma 7" and completed six earth orbits piloted by astronaut Wally Schirra. It was the first flawless Mercury mission.

Schirra's was the first of two longer-duration Mercury missions. After Carpenter's flawed reentry, the emphasis returned to engineering rather than science (Schirra even named his spacecraft "Sigma" for the engineering symbol meaning "summation.") The six-orbit mission lasted nine hours and l3 minutes, much of which Schirra spent in what he called "chimp configuration," a free drift that tested the Mercury's autopilot system. Schirra also tried "steering" by the stars (he found this difficult), took photographs with a Hasselblad camera, exercised with a bungee­cord device, saw lightning in the atmosphere, broadcast the first live message from an American spacecraft to radio and TV listeners below, and made the first splashdown in the Pacific. This was the highest flight of the Mercury program, with an apogee of 283.24 kilometers, but Schirra later claimed to be unimpressed with space scenery as compared to the view from high-flying aircraft. "Same old deal, nothing new," he told debriefers after the flight. Sigma 7 landed near the international date line in the Pacific Ocean, 275 miles (440 km) NE of Midway Island. The landing coordinates were near 32° 7' 30" N - 174° 45' W according to a chart in NASA publication SP-12 "Results of the Third U.S. Manned Orbital Space Flight, October 3, 1962" .

Mercury spacecraft # 16 - Sigma 7, used in the Mercury-Atlas 8 mission, is currently displayed at the United States Astronaut Hall of Fame, Titusville, FL . Mercury spacecraft #16 Sigma 7 display page on A Field Guide to American Spacecraft website. (http://aesp.nasa.okstate.edu/fieldguide/pages/mercury/ma-8.html)



Previous Mission:
Mercury 7
Mercury Next Mission:
Mercury 9
  1. REDIRECT Template:PD-USGov-NASAde:Mercury-Atlas 8

nl:Mercury MA-8 pt:Sigma 7

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