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Max Newman

From Academic Kids

Maxwell Herman Alexander Newman (February 7, 1897February 22, 1984) was a British mathematician.

Newman was born in Chelsea, London, England. From 1927 to 1945 he was a lecturer in mathematics at the University of Cambridge, where his 1935 lectures on Foundations of Mathematics inspired Alan Turing to embark on his pioneering work on computing machines.

At the end of August 1942, Newman joined the Bletchley Park. By 1943, Newman was head of a codebreaking section tasked with helping break the German Lorenz cipher using machine methods. His section was termed the Newmanry, which eventually housed several Colossus computers designed by Tommy Flowers.

Newman was appointed head of the mathematics department at the University of Manchester, England, in 1945 and transformed it into a center of international renown, retiring in 1964.

Newman wrote Elements of the topology of plane sets of points, a definitive work on general topology. He also made major contributions to combinatorial topology. He died in Comberton, near Cambridge.

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