Manco Capac

From Academic Kids

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Drawing by Guaman Poma

This article refers to the first Sapa Inca, Manco Capac. For Manco Capac II, son of Inca Huayna Capac, see Manco Inca Yupanqui.

In Inca mythology, Manco Capac was the first king of the Kingdom of Cuzco. There are several versions of the story of the origin of Manco Capac.

Inti legend

In one myth Manco Capac was a son of the sun god Inti and brother of Pachacamac. Manco Capac himself was worshipped as a fire and sun god. According the Inti legend, Manco Capac and his siblings were sent up to the earth by the sun god and emerged from the cave of Pacaritambo carrying a golden staff, called ‘tapac-yauri’. Instructed to create a Temple of the Sun in the spot where the staff sank into the earth, they traveled to Cusco via underground caves, and there built a temple in honor of their father, the sun god Inti. During the journey to Cuzco, one of Manco’s brothers, and possibly one of his sisters, was turned to stone (huaca). In another version of this legend, instead of emerging from a cave, the siblings emerged from the waters of Lake Titicaca.

Viracocha legend

In the Viracocha legend, Manco Capac was the son of Tici Viracocha of Pacari-Tambu (today Pacaritambo, 25 km south of Cuzco). He and his brothers (Ayar Anca, Ayar Cachi and Ayar Uchu) and sisters (Mama Ocllo, Mama Huaco, Mama Raua and Mama Cura) lived near Cuzco at Paccari-Tampu, and united their people and other tribes they encountered in their travels to conquer the tribes of the Cuzco Valley. This legend also incorporates the golden staff, which is thought to have been given to Manco Capac by his father. Accounts vary, but according to some versions of the legend, the young Manco jealously betrayed his older brothers, killed them, and became the ruler of Cuzco.

The life of Manco Capac

Manco Capac ruled the Kingdom of Cuzco for about forty years, established a code of laws, and is thought to have abolished human sacrifice. The code of laws forbade marrying one's sister, but these laws did not apply to Inca nobility, and he married his sister, Ocllo. With her, Manco had a son named Roca who became the next Sapa Inca. Manco Capac is thought to have died in 1107. Manco ruled before the title of Sapa Inca was invented, so in fact his title is Capac, which roughly translates as Cápac eo:Manko Kapak es:Manco Capac pt:Manco Capac sv:Manco Capac


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