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Mainland China

From Academic Kids

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In this map of China, the light-coloured areas represent Mainland China, while yellow coloured area refers to Taiwan. All islands except Hainan and Taiwan too small to appear on this map.

Mainland China (Template:Zh-stp, lit. "The Chinese Massive Landmass" or "Continental China") is an informal geographical term which is usually synonymous with the area currently administered by the People's Republic of China (PRC). It usually excludes the two Special Administrative Regions administered by the People's Republic of China: Hong Kong and Macau, which are governed under "One Country, Two Systems" and have a high degree of autonomy. It always excludes Taiwan and the areas controlled by the Republic of China namely: Penghu, Quemoy, and Matsu islands. In contrast to the term China proper, the term usually also includes Tibet, Xinjiang, and Inner Mongolia.

Curiously, the term usually includes offshore islands administered by the PRC such as Hainan. The term Zhōnggu dl is commonly used on Taiwan because it is a neutral term and does not contain implications about the political status of Taiwan.

More recently, the term Zhōnggu nid (內地 "the inner regions of China") has become the most common term within Mainland China to refer to Mainland China, although the term is infrequently used outside of Mainland China.

In Taiwan, the term Mainlander can refer to wi shěng rn (外省人, literal meaning: "external province person(s)"), who are the people who emigrated to Taiwan from Mainland China near the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949; children of wi shěng rn, though born in Taiwan, can also be referred to as wi shěng rn. The term Mainlander can also refer to d l rn (大陸人, literal meaning: "Mainland person(s)"), meaning the people who live on the Mainland now and the very small number of people who have emigrated from the Mainland to Taiwan recently.

Relations between Mainland China and Taiwan are typically known in Chinese as liǎng'n guānx (兩岸關係), which literally means "relations between the two sides/seashores (of the Strait of Taiwan)" and is known in English as "cross-straits relations". The term liǎng'n (two shores) is often used when describing Mainland China and Taiwan collectively. Again these terms are commonly found because they are politically-neutral and do not contain implications about the nature of the relationship between Mainland China and Taiwan (see political status of Taiwan). When Hong Kong is involved, the term liǎng'n sānd (literally two shores, three places) is used.

The term is used more often since the transfers of sovereignty, to the People's Republic of China, of Hong Kong in 1997 and Macao in 1999. Mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau have different customs and immigration control, passports, currencies, stamps, judiciary systems (courts of final appeal), public finance, extradition, etc.

See also

de:Festland-China ko:중국 대륙 simple:Mainland China zh-cn:中国內地 zh-tw:中國大陸

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