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Maidstone (borough)

From Academic Kids

Borough of Maidstone
Maidstone
Shown within Kent
Geography
Status:Borough
Region:South East England
Admin. County:Kent
Area:
- Total
Ranked 119th
393.33 km²
Admin. HQ:Maidstone
ONS code:29UH
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2003 est.)
- Density
Ranked 118th
141,474
360 / km²
Ethnicity:97.3% White
1.1% S.Asian
Politics
Missing image
Arms-maidstone.jpg
Arms of Maidstone Borough Council


Maidstone Borough Council
http://www.digitalmaidstone.co.uk/
Leadership:Leader & Cabinet
Executive:Liberal Democrats + Labour + Independent
MPs:Hugh Robertson, Ann Widdecombe

Maidstone is a local government district and borough in Kent, England. Its administrative centre is Maidstone. Maidstone is the County town of Kent, and County Hall is located here. Template:Gbmapping

Contents

Position

The Borough covers an area generally to the east and south of the town of Maidstone: as far north as the M2 motorway; east down the M20 to Lenham; south to a line including Paddock Wood, Staplehurst and Headcorn; and west to the Medway Towns - Tonbridge road (A228). Generally speaking, it lies between the North Downs and the Weald, and covers the central part of the county. The M20 motorway crosses it from west to east, as does the Channel Tunnel Rail Link.

Geologically, the Greensand ridge lies to the south of the town. The very fine sand provides a good source for glass-making. The clay vale beyond, through which flow the three rivers which meet at Yalding; the chalk - the Medway, the Beult and the Teise; and the chalk North Downs all provide raw materials for paper- and cement-making; which are also local industries.

Borough divisions

The borough is divided into wards: some wards are within the town of Maidstone urban area; the reamionder cover rural districts.

Town wards

The Maidstone town wards are: Allington; Bridge; Downswood & Otham (1); East; Fant; Heath; High Street; Leeds parish (1); North; Park Wood; Shepway North; Shepway South; and South.

Rural wards

The village wards are:


Communications

Water

The River Medway was the earliest form of transport through the area. It was navigable for cargo-carrying craft as far upstream as Tonbridge, and it was only in the 19th century that the railways brought any change. More recently, various works have been carried out to control the frequent flooding in the clay vale upstream of Maidstone.

Roads

Maidstone, as its importance warranted, has been the hub of roads for many centuries. It lies very close to the Pilgrims' Way; and two Roman roads met south of the town: one from Rochester to Hastings the other branching off to the East Kent coast and Dover.

In the 18th Century came the turnpiked roads. One of the earliest in the county - that to Rochester and Chatham - was opened in 1728.

In modern times, two motorways - the M2 and the M20 - pass north and south of Maidstone.

Railways

The earliest line through Kent was built by the South Eastern Railway. It was not, however, built to pass through Maidstone: instead, a station was built at Paddock Wood, then named Maidstone Road, some six miles away. It was only in the period between 1844 (when that main line was connected by a branch line to Maidstone) and 1884 that Maidstone became a hub once more, although with local trains only, to Strood, Ashford and (via Swanley Junction to London.


External links


Districts of England - South East England Flag of England

Adur | Arun | Ashford | Aylesbury Vale | Basingstoke and Deane | Bracknell Forest | Brighton and Hove | Canterbury | Cherwell | Chichester | Chiltern | Crawley | Dartford | Dover | Eastbourne | East Hampshire | Eastleigh | Elmbridge | Epsom and Ewell | Fareham | Gosport | Gravesham | Guildford | Hart | Hastings | Havant | Horsham | Isle of Wight | Lewes | Maidstone | Medway | Mid Sussex | Milton Keynes | Mole Valley | New Forest | Oxford | Portsmouth | Reading | Reigate and Banstead | Rother | Runnymede | Rushmoor | Sevenoaks | Shepway | Slough | Southampton | South Bucks | South Oxfordshire | Spelthorne | Surrey Heath | Swale | Tandridge | Test Valley | Thanet | Tonbridge and Malling | Tunbridge Wells | Vale of White Horse | Waverley | Wealden | West Berkshire | West Oxfordshire | Winchester | Windsor and Maidenhead | Woking | Wokingham | Worthing | Wycombe

Administrative counties with multiple districts: Berkshire - Buckinghamshire - East Sussex - Hampshire - Kent - Oxfordshire - Surrey - West Sussex


no:Maidstone (distrikt)

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