Magic Kingdom

From Academic Kids

 is at the center of the Magic Kingdom.
Cinderella Castle is at the center of the Magic Kingdom.

The Magic Kingdom is a theme park covering 107 acres (433,000 m²) at Walt Disney World Resort near Orlando, Florida. It is owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company. Opened on October 1, 1971, it is the most famous of the Florida theme parks. Its layout and attractions are generally similar to those of Disneyland in California, and the park was designed and built by Walt Disney Imagineering.

In addition to the bronze "Partners Statue" of Walt Disney and Mickey Mouse in front of Cinderella Castle, there is also a bronze statue of Roy O. Disney sitting with Minnie Mouse near the park's entrance.

The Magic Kingdom park is constructed above a series of tunnels called utilidors, short for "utility corridors," used by park employees ("Cast Members") to reach areas inside and outside the park without being seen by park Guests. This means that Cast Members in Adventureland outfits never have to be seen in Main Street, USA, for example - this comes from an occasion in Disneyland when Walt Disney spotted a Frontierland cowboy strolling through Tomorrowland. The utilidors were built at ground level (due to Florida's high water table) and the area around them was filled in with dirt from the "Seven Seas Lagoon" which was being dug in front of the park, and the Magic Kingdom itself was built on top. This means that, technically, ground level inside the Magic Kingdom is actually on the second story. The utilidors were originally planned to be used for every park, but due to financial constraints they were not used in any of the other Walt Disney World theme parks. Epcot, however, does have tunnels in its Future World area.



The park contained twenty-three attractions on the day it opened, twenty of them copies of attractions at Disneyland. Today the park map lists forty-eight attractions (though several of these, like the Guest Information Board, probably shouldn't be included in the number) in seven themed "lands." Major attractions are listed below.

The Walt Disney World Railroad runs along the perimeter of the park and makes stops at Main Street, Frontierland, and Mickey's Toontown Fair.

Main Street, U.S.A.

Bronze statues of  and  greet visitors on Main Street.
Bronze statues of Roy Disney and Minnie Mouse greet visitors on Main Street.

Main article: Main Street, U.S.A.

Main Street is lined with shops selling merchandise and food. The decor is early-20th century small-town America, inspired by Walt Disney's childhood. City Hall contains the Guest Relations lobby where cast members provide information and assistance. A real working barber shop gives haircuts for a fee. The Emporium carries a wide variety of Disney souvenirs such as plush toys, collectible pins, and Mickey-ear hats. Tony’s Town Square and the Plaza Restaurant are sit-down restaurants.

In the distance beyond the end of Main Street stands Cinderella Castle. Though only 180 feet (55m) tall, it benefits from a technique known as forced perspective. The (fake) second stories of all the buildings along Main Street are shorter than the first stories, and the third stories are even shorter than the second, and the top windows of the castle are much smaller than they appear. The resulting visual effect is that the buildings appear to be larger and taller than they really are.


Main article: Adventureland


Main article: Frontierland

Liberty Square

Main article: Liberty Square

Based on New Orleans Square at Disneyland, the smallest land in the park is based on a American Revolutionary town. The Magic Kingdom's Rivers of America hosts the Liberty Belle.


Main article: Fantasyland

  • "it's a small world" is a dark ride through colorful stylized representations of many countries
  • Peter Pan's Flight, a dark ride in a pirate ship flying over London
  • Mickey's PhilharMagic, a 3-D movie experience
  • Cinderella's Golden Carrousel (the last word is spelled with two 'r's), the oldest ride in the park, a carousel built in 1917
  • Dumbo the Flying Elephant, the prototypical Dumbo ride
  • Snow White's Scary Adventures, a dark ride through scenes from the movie (only scary for young children)
  • The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, a dark ride through scenes from the Winnie the Pooh stories
  • Mad Tea Party, a ride in spinning teacups

Mickey's Toontown Fair

Main article: Mickey's Toontown Fair

A 'spin-off' from Toontown at Disneyland, this area is the location of Mickey's and Minnie's houses, Donald's tugboat, and a county fair tent.

  • The Barnstormer at Goofy's Wiseacre Farm, a small steel roller coaster


Main article: Tomorrowland


 is the largest  show ever presented at the Magic Kingdom.
Wishes is the largest fireworks show ever presented at the Magic Kingdom.

The Magic Kingdom is the smallest of the four theme parks at Walt Disney World Resort.

In Cinderella's Golden Carrousel, Cinderella's own horse is the only one which has a golden bow on its tail. It's in the second rank in from the outside, in the line immediately before the Indian chieftain horse.

"The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh" is built in the former location of "Mr. Toad's Wild Ride," based on the 1949 Disney animated film The Wind in the Willows. Fans of the Mr. Toad ride organized a petition in an attempt to prevent it from being replaced, but were unsuccessful. However, the ride contains a picture of Mr. Toad presenting the Toad Hall deed to Owl (look to the left behind the car when you enter Owl's house), and one Mr. Toad car is on display inside the Exposition Hall on Main Street.

Other noteworthy Magic Kingdom attractions which have been removed include "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea" (based on the film of the same name) and the "Skyway," for which stations can still be seen in Fantasyland and Tomorrowland. The "20,000 Leagues" lagoon was left visible for years after the attraction closed, but has recently been drained, filled with dirt, and planted with trees in preparation for a Winnie the Pooh themed character greeting area.

"The Magic Kingdom" is also a nickname for the Disneyland theme park itself. This usage predates the Florida theme park, but Disneyland never officially bore this name. While Disneyland's official nickname is "The Happiest Place On Earth," the official nickname of the Magic Kingdom is "The Most Magical Place On Earth." This led to the common use in Disneyana literature of the term Magic Kingdom-style, to describe the classic Disney park - with the castle, Main Street etc.

2005 will see the release of the first novel set inside the Magic Kingdom, The Kingdom Keepers by Ridley Pearson. The novel is authorized by Disney, and sees a group of teenagers searching for treasure in the park following clues laid by Walt Disney and his Imagineers.

External link

Parks and resorts of The Walt Disney Company:
Disneyland Resort: Disneyland | Disney's California Adventure | Downtown Disney
Walt Disney World Resort: Magic Kingdom | Epcot | Disney-MGM Studios
Disney's Animal Kingdom | Downtown Disney
Tokyo Disney Resort: Tokyo Disneyland | Tokyo DisneySea | Ikspiari
Disneyland Resort Paris: Disneyland | Walt Disney Studios | Disney Village
Golf Disneyland
Hong Kong Disneyland Resort (Coming Soon): Disneyland | Disneytown
Disney Cruise Line: Disney Wonder | Disney Magic | Castaway Cay
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