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Macaque

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Macaques
Missing image
Crab-Eating_Makaque.jpg
Crab-eating Macaque


Crab-eating Macaque
Macaca fascicularis
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Primates
Family:Cercopithecidae
Subfamily:Cercopithecinae
Genus:Macaca
Lacepede, 1799

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Species

see text

The macaques (genus Macaca) are Old World monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae.

Aside from humans (genus Homo), the macaques are the most widespread primate genus, ranging from northern Africa to Japan. Twenty-two macaque species are currently recognised, and they include some of the monkeys best known to non-zoologists, such as the Rhesus Macaque (as the Rhesus Monkey), Macaca mulatta, and the Barbary Macaque (as the Barbary Ape), M. sylvanus, a colony of which lives on the Rock of Gibraltar. Although several species lack tails, and their common names therefore refer to them as apes, these are true monkeys, with no greater relationship to the true apes than any other Old World monkeys.

Several species of macaque have been used extensively in medical research.

In the late 1990s it was discovered that nearly all (c. 90%) of pet or captive macaques are carriers of the herpes-B virus. This virus is harmless to macaques, however infections of humans, while rare, are potentially fatal.

Species list

Genus Macaca

Missing image
Monkey3.jpg
A macaque sits alone in a cage in a German laboratory. [1] (http://www.buav.org/campaigns/primates)

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See also

External links

de:Makaken ja:マカク属 lt:Makaka pl:Makak su:beruk

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