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M2 Bradley

From Academic Kids

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General Characteristics (M2 Bradley)
Length:21 ft 2 in (6.55 m)
Width:11.83 ft (3.6 m)
Height:11.8 ft (3.59 m)
Weight:50,000 lb (22.7 t) unloaded; 67,000 lb (30.4 t) loaded
Speed:Road: 38 mph (66 km/h)
Off-road: -
Water: 7.2 km/h
Range:250 miles (483 km)
Primary armament:25 mm Chain Gun
TOW Anti-Tank Missile
Secondary armament: 7.62 mm machine gun
Power plant:600 hp (447 kW) diesel engine
Crew:3 + (6 passengers)

The M2 Bradley and M3 Bradley are American infantry fighting vehicles.

Contents

Production History

The Bradley, named after General Omar Bradley because of his heroic actions during World War II, is a replacement for the M113 family of APCs and consists of two types of vehicles, the M2 Infantry Fighting Vehicle and the M3 Cavalry Fighting Vehicle. Since both vehicles are based on the same chassis they differ in only some details. The M2 carries a crew of three and a six man infantry squad. The M3 on the other hand carries only a two man scout team and additional radios, TOW and Dragon or Javelin missiles.

Since entering service with the U. S. Army in 1981, 6,724 Bradleys have been produced. (4,641 M2s and 2,083 M3s) They are produced by United Defense, L.P.

The troubled development history of the Bradley is described in Airforce Lt. Col. James Burton's 1993 book (James G. Burton, The Pentagon Wars: Reformers Challenge the Old Guard, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press), which was adapted for the 1998 film The Pentagon Wars starring Kelsey Grammer and Cary Elwes. [1] (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0144550/quotes)

Overview

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A Bradley Fighting Vehicle rolls back out to the fight after refueling during combat operations in Fallujah, Iraq

The Bradley AFV was designed largely to trump the BMP-3, and to serve as both a APC and Medium tank. Specifically it was designed in response to the higher cruising speed of the Abrams. The older M113 APC could not keep up. The 25mm cannon fires up to 200 rounds per minute, and is accurate up to 2.5km. The twin TOW missile launchers are capable of destroying any tank at a maximum range of 3750m. Its cross country capability is superb, as during its design phase, a main objective was to keep it up to speed with the M1 Abrams main battle tank. The vehicle is of aluminum construction, one of the points used by critics to deride the vehicle. Aluminum armor tends to vaporize in the face of HEAT warheads, and coupled with the prodigious storage of ammunition in the vehicle, can prove to be undoing for its survivability.

The Bradley series has been widely modified. Its chassis is the basis for the M270 Multiple-Launch-Rocket-System, a battlefield command post, and an air defense vehicle. Armed with the Stinger SAM, the M6 "Linebacker" Bradley Air Defense Vehicle possesses a unique role in the US Army, providing highly mobile air defense at the front line.

Variants

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U.S. Army soldiers head out on a mission in their M2A2 Bradley Fighting Vehicle
  • M2A0 - First production model.
  • M2A1 - TOW 2 missile system
  • M2A2 - enhanced command and control.

The same variants are also found in the M3 scout vehicle series.

Armament

The Bradley is equipped with the M242 25 mm chain gun as its main weapon. It also has a M240C machine gun mounted coaxially. For engaging heavier targets (such as when acting in an anti-tank fashion), the Bradley has a TOW II missile system onboard.

Combat History

During the Gulf War the Bradleys destroyed more Iraqi armour than the M1 Abrams.

In Operation Iraqi Freedom the Bradley has proved somewhat vulnerable to mobility kills through IED and mass RPG attacks, but casualties have been light - the doctrine being to allow the crew to escape at the expense of the vehicle.

See also

External Links

ja:M2ブラッドリー歩兵戦闘車

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