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M

From Academic Kids

Template:AZM is the thirteenth letter of the Latin alphabet.

M is also the name of M-Source

M is also the name of a 1931 movie by Fritz Lang.

M is also the name of a now-defunct professional videocassette format developed by Matsushita and RCA.

Contents

History

The letter M represents the bilabial nasal consonant sound, IPA in Classical languages as well as the modern languages. It derives its shape from the Greek Mu (Μ, μ). Semitic Mem originally pictured water, in all probability.

The Oxford English Dictionary (first edition) says that 'm' is sometimes a vowel in words like spasm and in the suffix -ism. In modern terminology this would be described as a syllabic consonant — IPA .

Meanings for M

  • In computing,
    • M is a binary prefix meaning 220 = 1,048,576 (cf. M as a Metric prefix below).
    • M is another name for the computer programming language MUMPS.
  • In common references to currency, M or m denotes million or millions, such as $25M (twenty-five million dollars).
  • In traditional accounting practice, M designates thousand or thousands, and MM is used for million. Hence such traditional abbreviations as CPM for cost per thousand items of a retail good, or MCF for thousand cubic feet of (e.g.) natural gas.
  • In French, and some English works by French authors, "M." is an abbreviation for Monsieur.
  • In film,

Alternate representations

Mike represents the letter M in the NATO phonetic alphabet.

In international Morse code the letter M is DahDah: - -

In Braille the letter M is represented as (in Unicode), the dot pattern:

XX
..
X.

Computing

In Unicode the capital M is codepoint U+004D and the lowercase m is U+006D.

The ASCII code for capital M is 77 and for lowercase m is 109; or in binary 01001101 and 01101101, correspondingly.

The EBCDIC code for capital M is 212 and for lowercase m is 148.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "M" and "m" for upper and lower case respectively.

See also

Template:AZsubnavaf:M bs:M ca:M cs:M da:M de:M et:M el:M es:M eo:M fr:M gl:M ia:M it:M la:M hu:M nl:M ja:M no:M nn:M pl:M pt:M ro:M simple:M sl:M fi:M sv:M vi:M yo:M zh:M

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