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List of notable tropical cyclones

From Academic Kids

This is a list of notable tropical cyclones, subdivided by basin and reason for notability. It does not include tropical storms which may have caused destructive inland flooding, but whose names are not retired. There are rare exceptions, like Tropical Storm Allison, which caused so much flood damage that its name was retired.

Hurricane names are retired due to the notoriety of the storm to which they are attached. See naming of tropical cyclones.

Contents

North Atlantic basin

Retired names

Unnamed but historically significant

Longest-lived Atlantic tropical cyclones

Storms which have lived longer than twenty days:

  1. Puerto Rico Hurricane in August 1899 lasted 31 days.
  2. Hurricane Ginger in September 1971 lasted 27.25 days.
  3. Hurricane Inga in September 1969 lasted 24.75 days.
  4. Hurricane Kyle in October 2002 and Hurricane Ivan in September 2004 each lasted 22 days.
  5. Hurricane Carrie in September 1957 and Storm 9 in September 1893 each lasted 20.75 days.
  6. Hurricane Inez in September 1966 lasted 20.25 days.

Source: NOAA [1] (http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/tcfaq/E6.html), [2] (http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/ivan2004.html)

Canadian hurricanes

Off-season storms

Deadliest Atlantic Hurricanes

Since 1851

  1. Hurricane Mitch - 1998 - 9,086-18,277 Deaths
  2. Galveston Hurricane - 1900 - 8,000-12,000 Deaths
  3. Hurricane Fifi - 1974 - 8,000-10,000 Deaths
  4. Dominican Republic Hurricane - 1930 - 2,000-8,000 Deaths
  5. Hurricane Flora - 1963 - 7,200 Deaths
  6. Puerto Rico Hurricane - 1899 - 3,433 Deaths
  7. Lake Okeechobee Hurricane - 1928 - 3,411 Deaths
  8. Cuba Hurricane - 1932 - 2,500-3,107 Deaths
  9. Hurricane Jeanne - 2004 - 3,037 Deaths
  10. Yucatan Hurricane - 1934 - 2,000-3,000 Deaths
  11. Belize Hurricane - 1931 - 1,500-2,500 Deaths
  12. Caribbean Hurricane - 1935 - 2,150 Deaths
  13. Hurricane David - 1979 - 2,060 Deaths
  14. Straits of Florida Hurricane - 1870 - 2,000 Deaths
  15. 'Chenier Caminada' Hurricane - 1893 - 2,000 Deaths
  16. Sea Islands Hurricane - 1893 - 1,000-2,000 Deaths
  17. Mexico Hurricane - 1909 - 1,500 Deaths
  18. Hurricane Gordon - 1994 - 1,145 Deaths
  19. Hurricane Hazel - 1954 - 600-1,200 Deaths
  20. Hurricane Inez - 1966 - 1,000 Deaths

Costliest U.S. Hurricanes

Adjusted for 2003 inflation and wealth normalization

  1. Great Miami Hurricane - 1926 - $98,051,000,000
  2. Hurricane Andrew - 1992 - $44,878,000,000
  3. Galveston Hurricane - 1900 - $36,096,000,000
  4. Galveston Island Hurricane - 1915 - $30,585,000,000
  5. Great New England Hurricane - 1938 - $22,549,000,000
  6. Sanibel Island Hurricane - 1944 - $22,070,000,000
  7. Lake Okeechobee Hurricane - 1928 - $18,708,000,000
  8. Hurricane Ivan - 2004 - $18,000,000,000
  9. Hurricane Betsy - 1965 - $16,863,000,000
  10. Hurricane Donna - 1960 - $16,339,000,000
  11. Hurricane Charley - 2004 - $15,000,000,000
  12. Hurricane Camille - 1969 - $14,870,000,000
  13. Hurricane Agnes - 1972 - $14,515,000,000
  14. Hurricane Diane - 1955 - $13,875,000,000
  15. Hurricane Hugo - 1989 - $12,718,000,000
  16. Hurricane Carol - 1954 - $12,291,000,000
  17. Miami Hurricane - 1947 - $11,266,000,000
  18. Hurricane Carla - 1961 - $9,587,000,000
  19. Hurricane Hazel - 1954 - $9,545,000,000
  20. Hurricane Frances - 2004 - $9,000,000,000
  21. Great Atlantic Hurricane - 1944- $8,763,000,000
  22. Everglades Hurricane - 1945 - $8,561,000,000
  23. Hurricane Frederic - 1979 - $8,534,000,000
  24. Palm Beach Hurricane - 1949 - $7,918,000,000
  25. Florida Keys Hurricane - 1919 - $7,253,000,000
  26. Hurricane Jeanne - 2004 - $7,000,000,000
  27. Hurricane Alicia - 1983 - $5,501,000,000
  28. Tropical Storm Allison - 2001 - $5,408,000,000
  29. Hurricane Floyd - 1999 - $5,264,000,000
  30. Hurricane Celia - 1970 - $4,526,000,000

[3] (http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/tcfaq/E12.html)

Forgotten but significant hurricanes

Most tornadoes produced by hurricanes

  1. Hurricane Frances, 2004 - 117
  2. Hurricane Ivan, 2004 - 117
  3. Hurricane Beulah, 1967 - 115
  4. Hurricane Allen,1980 - 29
  5. Hurricane Gilbert, 1988 - 29
  6. Hurricane Alicia ,1983 - 23
  7. Hurricane Celia, 1970 - 8
  8. Hurricane Carla, 1961 - 8

Category 5s

Becoming a Category 5 (sustained windspeeds faster than 155 mph) is achieved on a regular basis in the Western Pacific but is rare in the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific. So far, only 25 Atlantic hurricanes have reached this intensity.

South Atlantic basin

Since tropical cyclones typically don't form at all in the South Atlantic Basin, any time they do it is worth noting.

Eastern Pacific basin

Retired names

Longest-lived Eastern Pacific storm

Central Pacific basin

Retired names

Western Pacific basin

Named

Unnamed

Northern Indian Ocean

This region has had some of the world's deadliest cyclones, but there is a dearth of organized information about them.

South Pacific Ocean

South Indian Ocean

Australian tropical cyclones

See History - Australia's worst cyclone disasters (from Queensland Government State Disaster Management Group) (http://www.disaster.qld.gov.au/disasters/cyc_history.asp).

Most intense storms on record

  1. Typhoon Tip - 870 mb, Western Pacific, 1979
  2. Typhoon Zeb - 872 mb, Western Pacific, 1998
  3. Typhoon Gay - 872 mb, Western Pacific, 1992
  4. Typhoon Keith - 872 mb, Western Pacific, 1997
  5. Typhoon Joan - 872 mb, Western Pacific, 1997
  6. Typhoon Ivan - 872 mb, Western Pacific, 1997
  7. Typhoon Forrest - 876 mb, Western Pacific, 1983
  8. Typhoon Faxai - 879 mb, Western Pacific, 2001
  9. Typhoon Chaba - 879 mb, Western Pacific, 2004
  10. Typhoon Yuri - 885 mb, Western Pacific, 1991
  11. Typhoon Maemi - 885 mb, Western Pacific, 2003
  12. Typhoon Dianmu - 885 mb, Western Pacific, 2004
  13. Hurricane Gilbert - 888 mb, Atlantic, 1988
  14. Typhoon Nancy - 888 mb, Western Pacific, 1961
  15. Labor Day Hurricane - 892 mb, Atlantic, 1935
  16. Typhoon Fengshen - 892 mb, Western Pacific, 2002
  17. Typhoon Lupit - 892 mb, Western Pacific, 2003
  18. Hurricane Allen - 899 mb, Atlantic, 1980
  19. Hurricane Linda - 900 mb, Eastern Pacific, 1997
  20. Hurricane Camille - 905 mb, Atlantic Ocean, 1969
  21. Hurricane Mitch - 905 mb, Atlantic Ocean, 1998
  22. Hurricane Ivan - 910 mb, Atlantic Ocean, 2004
  23. Hurricane Kenna - 913 mb, Eastern Pacific, 2002
  24. Hurricane Janet - 914 mb, Atlantic Ocean, 1955
  25. Hurricane Ava - 915 mb, Eastern Pacific, 1973
  • [5] (http://www.weatherwatchers.org/tropical/1998/13/mitch.html)

Note: Several Western Pacific storms that have achieved pressure readings of between 895 and 915mb are not included because they are so common in that part of the world or so unknown. Also pressure readings from the Indian Ocean are not available.

Size extremes

Missing image
Typhoonsizes.jpg
The relative sizes of Typhoon Tip, Tropical Cyclone Tracy, and the United States.
  • Typhoon Tip is the largest tropical cyclone on record at 1350 miles (2170 km) wide, October (1979)
  • Cyclone Tracy is the smallest tropical cyclone on record at 30 miles (48 km) wide, December (1974)

Notes

See also

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