List of domesticated plants
From Academic Kids
The list includes species or larger formal and informal botanical categories that include at least some domesticated individuals.
To be considered domesticated, a population of plants must have their behavior, life cycle, or appearance significantly altered as a result of being under humans control for multiple generations. (Please see the main article on domestication for more information.)
Plants in this list are organized by the original or primary purpose for which they were domesticated. When a plant has more than one significant human use, it has been listed in more than one category.
Food and cooking
- Fruit trees (See: List of fruits)
- Cereals (or grains, also called "corn plants" in the U.K.)
- maize (called corn in the U.S.). Old domesticated plant, found in countless variations throughout the Americas.
- millet (predominantly in African cultures, also for beer brewing)
- oats (called corn in the U.K., esp. Scotland)
- rice. The chief crop in eastern Asia, and an important foodstuff around the world.
- rye (used in Eastern Europe Countries, and for alcoholic beverages)
- teff -- Ethiopia (also tef)
- wheat (called corn in the U.K., esp. England). Has a very long history of domestication and is thought to be one of the first plants used for farming.
- Small-plant fruits
- Root vegetables
- Vegetables (See: List of vegetables)
- Herbs and Spices (See: List of herbs and spices)
- Oil producing plants (for cooking)
- Plants grown principally for animal food or soil enrichment
- Oil producing plants (for fuel or lubrication)
- Drug plants
- Fiber plants (for textiles)
- Research and science