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List of Roman usurpers

From Academic Kids

The following is an attempted list usurpers of the Roman Empire. For an overview of the problem and consequences of usurpation see Roman usurpers.

Key:

  • kPG, killed by the Praetorian guard
  • kS, killed by own soldiers
  • kB, killed in battle
  • e, executed
  • dates are beginning and end of reign
  • origin of the rebellion indicated where possible
  • the list is complete until the advent of the tetrarchy in the end of the 3rd century
Contents

Emperor usurpers

This is a listing of Roman emperors that so became due to their own initiative with neither family ties to the previous nor senatorial appointement.

First Roman Imperial civil war: the year of the four emperors (69 AD)

From 193 to the tetrarchy (crisis of the third century)

Unsuccessful usurpers in the 3rd century

List of to be emperors eventually defeated by the ruling sovereign, listed by reign. The noted date is the attempted usurpation.

Elagabalus: 218-222

  • Gellius Maximus (219), in Syria, executed, originally an officer of Legio IV Scythica
  • Verus (late 219), in Syria, executed, commander of Legio III Gallica
  • Seleucus (after 221), in Moesia
  • Uranius (around 221), questioned existence and date; sources place him in 253

Alexander Severus: 222-235

  • Seius Sallustius (around 227), in Rome, executed, prefect of the Praetorian guard
  • Taurinus (date unclear), in the East, committed suicide

Maximinus Thrax: 235-238

  • Magnus (235), in the Rhine, a former consul
  • Quartinus (235), in the East

Gordian III: 238-244

Philip the Arab: 244-249

Decius: 249-251

Gallienus: 253-268

Claudius II: 268-270

  • Censorinus (269-kS.270), almost certainly non-existent: "attested" only by the Augustan History (Trig. Tyr. 33 (http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Historia_Augusta/Tyranni_XXX*.html#33)) with no literary, epigraphical, numismatic support of any kind.

Aurelian: 270-275

Probus: 276-282

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