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List of Portuguese monarchs

From Academic Kids

This is a List of Portuguese monarchs from the independence of Portugal from Leon in 1128-29 to the proclamation of the Republic in October 5 1910. Afonso Henriques proclaimed himself king in 1139. Ten years earlier he had proclaimed himself prince. His rule was recognized in 1143, by the Kingdom of Leon, and in 1179 by the pope. The list includes the Houses of Burgundy, Aviz, Habsburg and Braganza.

Contents

Previous to independece

Start End Leader Observations
1093 1112 Henry of Burgundy Count of Portugal (then a fiefdom of Leon)
1112 1139 Afonso Henriques Count of Portugal

House of Burgundy (also known as Afonsine House)

Start End Leader Observations
1143 1185 Afonso I (Afonso Henriques) Proclaimed himself King
1185 1211 Sancho I  
1211 1223 Afonso II  
1223 1247 Sancho II  
1247 1279 Afonso III  
1279 1325 Denis I  
1325 1357 Afonso IV  
1357 1367 Peter I  
1367 1383 Ferdinand I  
1383 1385 Interregnum War with Castile and Leon

House of Aviz

Start End Leader Observations
1385 1433 John I  
1433 1438 Edward I  
1438 1481 Afonso V  
1481 1495 John II  
1495 1521 Manuel I  
1521 1557 John III  
1557 1578 Sebastian I  
1578 1580 Cardinal-King Henry I  
1580 1580 Anthony I disputed

House of Habsburg or Philippine (Personal union with Spain)

Start End Leader Observations
1580 1598 Philip I Philip II of Spain
1598 1621 Philip II Philip III of Spain
1621 1640 Philip III Philip IV of Spain

House of Braganza

Start End Leader Observations
1640 1656 John IV Restoration of Independence
1656 1667 Afonso VI  
1667 1706 Peter II  
1706 1750 John V  
1750 1777 Joseph I  
1777 1816 Mary I  
1816 1826 John VI  
1826 1826 Peter IV Peter I of Brazil
1826 1828 Mary II  
1828 1834 Michael I  
1834 1853 Mary II  

House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

Start End Leader Observations
1853 1861 Peter V  
1861 1889 Louis I  
1889 1908 Charles I  
1908 1910 Manuel II October 5, 1910 - Republic declared

The chronology continues on Presidents of Portugal.

See also: History of Portugal -- Lists of incumbents -- Kings of Portugal family tree -- Monuments of Portugal

External link

fr:Liste des rois de Portugal it:Elenco di monarchi portoghesi nl:Lijst van koningen van Portugal pl:Władcy Portugalii pt:Lista de reis de Portugal ro:Regii Portugaliei ru:Правители Португалии sv:Lista ver Portugals statsverhuvuden

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