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List of European cities with alternative names

From Academic Kids

Most cities in Europe have different names in different languages. Some cities have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known different names for all major European cities. It also includes some smaller towns that are important because of their location or history.

This article also lists cities of Turkey, Cyprus, and all the republics of the former Soviet Union. A number of important Mediterranean Basin cities are also included.

This article does not offer any opinion about what the "original", "official", "real", or "correct" name of any city is or was. Cities are listed alphabetically by their current best-known name in English. The English version is followed by variants in other languages, in alphabetical order by name, and then by any historical variants and former names.

Foreign names that are the same as their English equivalents may be listed, to provide an answer to the question "What is that name in..."?.


Contents: top - 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Aabenraa Ĺbenrĺ (Danish), Apenrade (German)
Aachen Aix-la-Chapelle (French), Aken (Dutch), Akwizgran (Polish), Aquae Grani or Aquisgranum (Latin), Aquisgrŕ (Catalan), Aquisgrán (Spanish), Aquisgrana (Italian), Aquisgrano (Portuguese), Cáchy (Czech), Ĺxhe (Walloon), Oochen (Luxembourgish)
Aalst Aalst (Dutch), Alost (French)
Aarhus Ĺrhus (Danish)
Abbeville Abbatis Villa (Latin), Abbeville (French)
Aiud Aiud (Romanian), Nagyenyed (Hungarian), Strassburg (German)
Aix-en-Provence Aix-en-Provence (French), Aquae Sextiae (Latin)
Aix-les-Bains Aix-les-Bains (French), Aquae Gratianae (Latin)
Albacete Albacete (Spanish), al-Basīt (Arabic)
Alba Iulia Alba Iulia (Romanian), Apulum (Latin), Gyulafehérvár (Hungarian), Karlsburg (German), Weißenburg (old German name)
Alexandroupolis Alexandhrúpolis - Αλεξανδρούπολις (Greek), Alexandropolis (Dutch), Dedeağaç (Turkish)
Algeciras Algeciras (Spanish), al-Jazīra (Arabic)
Alicante Akra Leuke (Ancient Greek), Alacant (Valencian), Alicante (Spanish), Alikantė (Lithuanian), al-Laqant (Arabic), Lucentum (Latin)
Almaty Alma-Ata (Dutch, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Turkish), Ałma Ata (Polish), Almata (Lithuanian), Almaty (Kazakh)
Amsterdam Amstardam (Irish), Amstardām (Arabic), Amsterdam (Dutch, French, Italian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish), Amsterdamas (Lithuanian), Amsterdăo (Portuguese), Amsterodam (Czech), Amszterdam (Hungarian), Aemstelredamme / Amstelredam (old Dutch names)
Ankara Ancara (Portuguese), Ancyra (Latin), Angora (former English name, Italian [obs.]), Ankara (Polish, Turkish), Ángira - Άγκυρα (Greek), Anqara (Arabic)
Anklam Anklam (German), Nakło nad Pianą (Polish)
Antioch Antakya (Turkish), Antioche (French), Antiochia (Italian, German, Polish, Slovak), Antiochie (Czech), Antiohia (Romanian), Αντιόχεια/Antiókhia (Greek), Antiokia (Finnish, Swedish), Antioquía (Portuguese, Spanish)
Antwerp Amberes (Spanish), Amvérsa - Αμβέρσα (Greek), Antuérpia (Portuguese), Antverpen (Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian), Antverpenas (Lithuanian), Antverpene (Latvian), Antverpy (Czech, Slovak), Antwīrb (Arabic), Antwerpen (Dutch, Finnish, German, Swedish), Antwerpia (Polish), Anvers (French), Anversa (Italian), Anviesse (Walloon), Antverpeno (Esperanto)
Aquileia Akwileja (Polish), Aquileia (Italian, Portuguese), Aquileja (German), Oglej (Slovene)
Archangel Arcángel (Spanish), Archangelsk (German), Archangelskas (Lithuanian), Archangielsk (Polish), Arhanđel (Serbian), Arhanghelsk (Romanian), Arkangeli (Finnish), Arkhangel'sk (Russian)
Arlon Arlon (French), Aarlen (Dutch), Arel (German), Arel (Luxembourgish)
Arnhem Arnheim (German), Arnhem (Dutch, Polish), Arnhim (Frisian)
Arras Arasu - アラス (Japanese), Arazzo (medieval Italian), Arras (French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Swedish), Atrecht (Dutch)
Aschaffenburg Aschaffenburg (German), Aschaffenburgo (Spanish)
Ashkhabad Ašchabád (Czech, Slovak), Aschchabad / Aschgabad / Aschgabat (German), Ašgabat (Finnish), Aşgabat / Aşkabat (Turkish), Aşhabad (Romanian), Ašhabad (Serbian), Ashgabat (Turkmen), Ashkhabad (Russian), Ashxobod (Uzbek), Asjchabad (Dutch), Aszchabad (Polish), Išq Ābād (Arabic)
Assisi Ascesi (medieval Italian), Asís (Spanish), Assis (Portuguese), Assise (French), Assisi (Dutch, German, Italian), Asyż (Polish)
Astana Akmolinsk (Russian), Akmola (Finnish), Akmola (variant in Russian), Akmoła (former Polish), Aqmola (former Kazakh), Astana (Kazakh, Polish), Tselinograd (former Russian)
Athens Афіни/Afiny (Russian, Ukrainian), An Aithin (Irish), Ateena (Finnish), Aten (Norwegian, Swedish) Aten - אַטען (Yiddish), Atena (Croatian, Romanian), Atėnai (Lithuanian), Atenas (Portuguese, Spanish), Atēnas (Latvian), Atene (Italian, Slovene), Atenes (Catalan), Atény (Czech, Slovak), Ateny (Polish), Athen (Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish), Athén (Hungarian), Aþena (Icelandic), Athenae (Latin), Athene (Dutch), Athčnes (French), Athény (alternative Czech name), Athína - Αθήνα (Greek), Atīnā (Arabic), Atina (Bulgarian, Serbian, Turkish)
Augsburg Augsbourg (French), Augsburg (German, Polish), Augsburgo (Spanish, Portuguese), Augšpurk / Aušpurk (Czech), Augusta (Italian), Augusta Vindelicorum (Latin), Oogsborg (Low Saxon)
Avignon Avenio (Latin), Avignon (French), Avignone (Italian), Avinhăo (Portuguese), Avińón (Spanish), Awinion (Polish)

B

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Baia Mare Baia Mare (Romanian), Frauenbach (German), Nagybánya (Hungarian), Neustadt (rarer German)
Baku Bacu (Portuguese), Bakoe (Dutch), Bakou (French), Baku (Polish), Bākū (Arabic), Bakü (Turkish)
Bar (Montenegro) Antivari (Italian), Bar (Croatian, Serbian); Dioclea or Doclea (Latin; ancient city nearby), Duklja (Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian; same ancient city and medićval state)
Barcelona Barcellona (Italian), Barcelona (Portuguese, Spanish, Catalan, Polish, Slovene), Barcelone (French), Barcino (Latin), Barna (Spanish abbreviation), Baršalūna (Arabic), Barselona (Lithuanian, Russian, Serbian, Turkish, Ukrainian), Varkelóni - Βαρκελόνη (Greek), Bĺrçulone (Walloon)
Basel Bâle (French), Basilea (Italian, Romansh, Spanish), Basileia (Portuguese), Basilej (Czech), Basle (variant in English), Bazel (Dutch), Bázel (Hungarian), Bazel' (Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian), Bazelis (Lithuanian), Bāzil (Arabic), Bazilej (Slovak), Bazylea (Polish), Vasilía - Βασιλεία (Greek)
Bastogne Bastogne (English, French), Bastenaken (Dutch), Bastnach (German), Baaschtnech or Baastnech (Luxembourgish)
Bath Aquae Sulis (Latin), Bađum / Bađan / Bađon (Anglo-Saxon), Caerfaddon (Welsh)
Bautzen Budyšin (Upper Sorbian), Budyšín (Czech, Slovak), Budyšyn (Lower Sorbian), Budziszyn (Polish)
Będzin Będzin (Polish), Bendin - Бендин (Russian), Bendin - בענדין (Yiddish), Bendzin (German)
Bela Crkva Bela Crkva (Serbian), Biała Cerkiew (Polish), Bílá Cerevek (Czech)
Belfast Béal Feirste (Irish), Belfastas (Lithuanian)
Belfort Beffert (German), Befert (old German)
Belgrade Béalgrád (Irish), Bělehrad (Czech), Belehrad (Slovak), Belgrad (Bulgarian, Finnish, German, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Turkish), Belgrád (Hungarian), Belgrada (Latvian), Belgradas (Lithuanian), Belgrado (Dutch, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Beograd (Croatian, Danish, Slovene), Beograd - Београд (Serbian), Bilġrād (Arabic), Bjelhrad (Ukrainian), Nándorfehérvár (former Hungarian), Singidunum (Latin), Velighrádhi (Greek), Belgrade (French), Belgrĺde (Walloon)
Berat Berat / Berati (Albanian), Albánský Bělehrad (Czech)
Berdychiv Berdychiv - Бердичів (Ukrainian), Berdichev - Бердичев (Russian), Barditshev - באַרדיטשעװ (Yiddish), Berdyczów (Polish), Berdicev (Romanian),
Bergen (Norway) Bergen (Norwegian), Bergenas (Lithuanian), Björgvin (Icelandic)
Berlin Barlīn (Arabic), Barliń (Lower Sorbian), Beirlín (Irish), Berliin (Estonian), Berliini (Finnish), Berlijn (Dutch), Berlim (Portuguese), Berlín (Czech, Icelandic, Slovak, Spanish), Berlin (Croatian, Danish, German, Hungarian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish, French, Walloon), Berlin - בערלין (Yiddish), Berlīne (Latvian), Berlino (Italian, Esperanto), Berlyn (Afrikaans, Frisian), Berlynas (Lithuanian), Βερολίνο/Verolíno (Greek)
Berne Bern (Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Turkish, Ukrainian), Berna (Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Romansh, Spanish), Bernas (Lithuanian), Berno (Polish), Vérni - Βέρνη (Greek)
Białowieża Bělověž (Czech), Białowieża (Polish)
Białystok Białystok (Polish), Balstogė (Lithuanian), Belostok - Белосток (Russian), Byalistok - ביאַליסטאָק (Yiddish)
Biel/Bienne Belenus (Latin), Biel (German), Bienne (French)
Biella Biella (Italian), Bugella (Latin)
Bilbao Bilbao (Spanish), Bilbau (Portuguese), Bilbo (Basque),
Bil'shivtsi Bil'shivtsi - Більшівці (Ukrainian), Bol'shovtsy - Болшовцы (Russian), Bolszowce (Polish), Bolshvets - באָלשװעץ (Yiddish)
Birmingham Бирмингем (Russian), Birmingemas (Lithuanian)
Bishkek Bichkek (French), Bischkek (German), Biškek (Finnish, Serbian, Slovene), Bişkek (Romanian, Turkish), Biškekas (Lithuanian), Biszkek (Polish); Frunze (former name)
Bischofswerda Bischofswerda (German), Biskupice (Polish)
Bistriţa Beszterce (Hungarian), Bistriţa (Romanian), Bistritz (German)
Bologna Bologna (Italian, Romanian, Slovene), Bologne (French), Boloňa (Czech), Bolonha (Portuguese), Bolonia (Polish, Spanish), Bolonija (Lithuanian), Bolonja (Serbian), Bolonya (Turkish)
Bouillon Bouillon (French), Bouyon (Walloon)
Bolzano Bolzano (Italian), Bozen (German)
Bordeaux Bordeaux (French), Bordču (Gascon), Bordéus (Portuguese), Bordo (Lithuanian), Bordozo (Esperanto), Burdeos (Spanish), Burdigala (Latin)
Bonn Bona (Lithuanian, Portuguese), Bonna or Castrum Bonnense (Latin), Vóni - Βόννη (Greek)
Botoşani Botoshan (alt. spelling)
Braniewo Braniewo (Polish), Braunsberg (German), Brus (Old Prussian)
Braşov Braşov (Romanian), Brassó (Hungarian), Braszów (Polish), Corona (Latin), Kronstadt (German), Stephanópolis (Greek), Brašovas (Lithuanian)
Bratislava Bratislava - Братислава (Bulgarian), Bratislava (Czech, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Lithuanian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish), Братислава/Bratyslava (Ukrainian), Bratysława (Polish), Pozsony (Hungarian), Presbourg (French till 1919), Pressburg (variant in German), Prešpurk (Czech till 1919), Prešporok (Slovak till 1919)
[Note: The name was officially changed from Pressburg/Prešporok/Pozsony to Bratislava in 1919; for a list of older names see Bratislava
Bratslav Bracław (Polish), Bratslav/Брацлав (Balerusian), Breslov (Yiddish)
Braunschweig Braunschweig (German), Brunswick (French, English), Brunszwik (Polish)
Břeclav Břeclav (Czech), Lundenburg (German)
Bremen Bréma (Hungarian), Brema (Italian, Polish, Spanish), Brême (French), Bremen (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Estonian, Frisian, German, Portuguese, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish), Brėmenas (Lithuanian), Brémy (Czech, Slovak), Brimarborg (Icelandic), Vrémi (Greek)
Bremerhaven Bremerhaven (German), Brémský Přístav (Czech)
Brest (Belarus) Brasta (Lithuanian), Brest-Litovsk (former English and Russian name), Brześć Litewski (Polish), Brześć nad Bugiem (Polish 1918-1939); Lietuvos Brasta (former Lithuanian name); Brisk - בריסק (Yiddish)
Bristol Briostó (Irish), Caerodor (Welsh)
Brno Brno (Czech), Brünn (German, Hungarian)
Brody Brody (Polish, Russian, Ukrainian; spelled Броды in Russian and Броди in Ukrainian), Brod - בראָד (Yiddish)
Bruges Briž (Macedonian, Serbian), Bruges (French, Portuguese, Luxembourgish), Brugge (Dutch), Brügge (German), Bruggia (old Italian), Bruggy (Slovak), Brugia (Polish), Brugy (Czech), Brujas (Spanish, Medićval Portuguese), Brygge (Finnish), وبروج (Arab), Briugė (Lithuanian)
Bruntál Bruntal (Polish), Bruntál (Czech), Freudenthal (German)
Brunswick Braunschweig (German, Slovene, variant in English), Braunšvajg (Serbian), Brunšvik (Czech), Brunsvique (Portuguese), Brunswick (French, Italian, Spanish), Brunswijk (Dutch), Brunszwik (Polish)
Brussels An Bhruiséil (Irish), Bréissel (Luxembourgish), Brisel (Macedonian, Serbian), Brisele (Latvian), Brisl - בריסל (Yiddish), Briuselis (Lithuanian), Brüksel (Turkish), Bruksela (Polish), Brūksil (Arabic), Brusel (Czech, Slovak), Bruselj (Slovene), Brusela (Basque), Bruselas (Spanish), Bruselles (Catalan), Brussel (Dutch, Norwegian), Brüssel (German), Brusselle (Italian [obs.]), Brüsszel (Hungarian), Bruxelas (Portuguese), Bruxelles (Danish, French, Italian, Romanian), Bryssel (Danish, Finnish, Swedish), Bryuksel (Bulgarian), Bryussel (Russian, Ukrainian), Vrixéles - Βρυξέλλες (Greek), Brussele (Walloon)
Brzesko Brzesko (Polish), Brigl - בריגל (Yiddish)
Buchach Buchach - Бучач (Ukrainian), Buczacz (Polish), Betshotsh - בעטשאָטש (Yiddish)
Bucharest Boekarest (Dutch), Búcairist (Irish), Bucarest (French, Italian, Spanish), Bucareste (Portuguese), Bucureşti (Romanian), Bukarest (Danish, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Swedish), Bukareštas (Lithuanian), Bukareste (Latvian), Bukareszt (Polish), Bukharest (Russian, Ukrainian), Bükreş (Turkish), Bukurešt (Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian), Bukarešta (Slovene), Bukurešť (Czech, Slovak), Būqārist (Arabic), Voukourésti (Greek)
Buda (now part of Budapest) Buda (Italian, Hungarian, Portuguese, Slovene, Lithuanian), Budín (Czech), Budin (Turkish), Ofen (German)
Budapest Boedapest (Dutch), Būdābist (Arabic), Búdaipeist (Irish), Budapest (Italian, German, Hungarian), Budapešt (Russian, Ukrainian), Budapešť (Czech, Slovak), Budapešta (Bulgarian), Budapesta (Romanian), Budapeštas (Lithuanian), Budapeste (Portuguese), Budapeşte (Turkish), Budapeszt (Polish), Budimpešta (Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene, Serbian), Voudhapésti (Greek)
Budweis Budweis (German), Czeskie Budziejowice (Polish), České Budějovice (Czech, Slovak)
Buje Buie d'Istria (Italian), Buje (Croatian, Slovene)
Butrint Butrint / Butrinti (Albanian), Butrinto (Italian)
Buzet Buzet (Croatian, Slovene), Pinguente (Italian)
Bydgoszcz Bromberg (German), Bydgostia (Latin), Bydgoszcz (Polish)
Bytom Beuthen (German), Bytom (Polish)
Bytow Betowo (Kashubian/Pomeranian), Bütow (German), Bytów (Polish)

C

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Cádiz Cadice (Italian), Cádis (Portuguese), Cadix (French), Cádiz (Spanish), Gades (Ancient Greek), Gadir (Phoenician), Kadyks (Polish), Kadiz (Serbian), al-Qādis (Arabic)
Cagliari Cagliari (Italian), Cŕller (Catalan), Casteddu (Sardinian), Kaljari (Serbian)
Cairo Le Caire (French), Caireo (Irish), Caďro (Dutch), Cairo (Portuguese), El Cairo (Spanish), Il Cairo (Italian), Káhira (Czech), Kair (Polish), Kairas (Lithuanian), Kairo (Bulgarian, Croatian, Finnish, German, Norwegian, Slovene, Swedish), Kairó (Hungarian), Qahir - Template:Unicode (Hebrew), al-Qāhirah (Arabic), Maşr (local dialect name)
Calais (France) Kales (Dutch)
Cambrai Kamerijk (Dutch)
Cambridge (England) Caergrawnt (Welsh), Cantabrigia (Latin), Cantabrígia (Portuguese), Kembridžas (Lithuanian), Kembriĝo (Esperanto)
Canterbury Caergaint (Welsh), Cantorbéry (French), Cantuária (Portuguese), Kantaraborg (Icelandic), Kantelberg (Dutch)
Carcassonne Carcassona (Italian), Carcassonne (French)
Cardiff Caerdydd (Welsh), Kārdifa (Latvian), Ovicubium (Vulgar Latin)
Carlsbad Karlovi Vari (Bulgarian, Croatian), Karlovy Vary (Czech), Karlsbad (German, Swedish) Karlowe Wary (Polish)
Cartagena Cartagena (Spanish, Portuguese), Cartagina (Romanian), Carthagčne (French), Carthago Nova (Latin),Kartagina (Polish), al-Qartājanna (Arabic)
Celje Celeia (Latin), Celje (Slovene), Celle (German), Cille (Hungarian), Cilli (older English (1911 EB), older German), Kelea (Celtic)
Cetinje Cettigne (Italian), Cetinje (Serbian)
Chania La Canée (French), Khaniá - Χανιά (Greek), La Canea (Catalan, Italian, Spanish)
Charleroi Karelskoning (Dutch), Charleroi (French), Châlerwč / Tchĺlerwč (Walloon)
Cheb Cheb (Czech), Eger (German)
Chełmno Chełmno (Polish), Culm (variant in German), Kulm (German)
Chemnitz Chemnitz (German), Kamienica Saska (Polish, traditional, not used anymore), Saská Kamenice (Czech); Karl-Marx-Stadt (German 1953-1990)
Chernyakhovsk Chernyakhovsk (Russian), Insterburg (German), Įsrutis (Lithuanian), Wystruc (Polish)
Chester Caerllion-ar-Dyfrdwy often abbreviated to Caer (Welsh)
Chişinău Chişinău (Moldovan/Romanian), Chisinau (Portuguese), Keshenev - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Kischinew (German), Kishinjov - Кишинёв (Russian), Kīšīnāw (Arabic), Kišineu (Bulgarian), Kišiněv (Czech), Kišiniovas (Lithuanian), Kišinjev (Serbian), Kišiňov (Slovak), Kisinyov (Hungarian), Kiszyniów (Polish), Kyšyniv (Ukrainian)
Chorzów Chorzów (Polish), Králova Huť (Czech)
Cieszyn Cieszyn (Polish), Teschen (German), Těšín (Czech), Tešín (Slovak)
Cleves Cléveris (Spanish), Clčves (French), Kleef (Dutch), Kleve (German)
Cluj Claudiopolis (Latin), Cluj-Napoca (Romanian), Klausenburg (German), Kluž (Czech, Slovak), Kluż (Polish), Kolozsvár (Hungarian)
Coblenz Coblença (Portuguese), Coblence (French), Coblenza (Italian, Spanish), Koblencja (Polish), Koblenz (German, Slovene), Kueblenz (Luxembourgish)
Coburg Cobourg (French), Coburg (German), Coburgo (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish)
Coimbra Coimbra (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Coimbre (French), Conimbriga (Latin), Qulumriya (Arabic)
Cologne Cologne (French), Colonia (Italian, Spanish), Colónia (Portuguese), Keln - Келн (Serbian), Keln - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Kelnas (Lithianian), Keulen (Dutch), Kjol'n (Russian, Ukrainian), Kolín nad Rýnem (Czech), Kolín nad Rýnom (Slovak), Kölle (Kölsch [local dialect]), Köln (Finnish, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Romanian, Swedish, Turkish), Kolonía (Greek), Kolonia (Polish)
Constanţa Constanţa (Romanian), Küstendji (old Turkish name), Konstanca (Polish)
Copenhagen Cóbanhávan (Irish), Copenaghen (Italian), Copenhaga (Portuguese, Romanian), Copenhague (French, Spanish), Hafnia (Latin), Kaupmannahöfn (Icelandic), Kobenhaven (Slovene), Křbenhavn (Danish, Norwegian), Kūbinhāġin (Arabic), Kodaň (Czech, Slovak), Kööpenhamina (Finnish), Kopengagen (Bulgarian, Russian), Kopenhaagen (Estonian), Kopenhag (Turkish), Kopenhaga (Lithuanian, Polish), Kopenhagen (Croatian, Dutch, German), Kopenhāgena (Latvian), Köpenhamn (Swedish), Kopenkhági (Greek), Koppenhága (Hungarian), Kopenhago (Esperanto)
Córdoba Córdoba (Spanish), Cordoue (French), Cňrdova (Catalan), Cordova (Italian), Córdova (Portuguese), Kordoba (Slovene), Qurtubah (Arabic)
Corfu Corcira/Corfu (Portuguese), Corcyra (Latin), Corfou (French), Corfů (Italian), Corfú (Spanish), Kérkira - Κέρκυρα (Greek), Korfu (Finnish, German, Hungarian, Polish, Slovak), Krf (Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovene)
Corinth Corint (Catalan), Corinthe (French), Corinto (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Korint (Croatian, Czech, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene), Kórinta (Icelandic), Korintas (Lithuanian), Korinth (German), Korinthe (Dutch), Kórinthos - Κόρινθος (Greek), Korintti (Finnish), Korynt (Polish)
Cork Corc (Welsh), Corcaigh (Irish)
Corunna La Corogne (French), A Coruńa (Galician), La Coruńa (Spanish), Corunha (Portuguese)
Cottbus Chociebuż (Polish), Chóśebuz (Sorbian), Chotěbuz (Czech)
Cracow Cracovia (Italian, Spanish, Romanian), Cracóvia (Portuguese), Cracovie (French), Kroke - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Kraká (Icelandic), Krakau (Dutch, German), Краків/Krakiv (Ukrainian), Krakkó (Hungarian), Krakov (Croatian, Czech, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Turkish), Krakova (Finnish), Krakovía - Κρακοβία (Greek), Krakovo (Esperanto), Kraków (Polish), Krākūf (Arabic), Krokuva (Lithuanian)
Crécy Crécy-en-Ponthieu (French), Kresčak (Czech)

o

D

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Daugavpils Daugavpils (Latvian), Daugpilis (Lithuanian), Denenburg - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Dünaburg (German), Двинcк / Dvinsk (Russian), Dyneburg or Dźwińsk (Polish)
Debrecen Debrecen (Hungarian), Debrecín (Czech), Debreţin (Romanian), Debreczyn (Polish)
Den Bosch Bois-le-Duc (French), Bolduque (Spanish), Boscoducale (Italian [obs.]), Den Bos (Frisian), Den Bosch / 's-Hertogenbosch (Dutch), Herzogenbusch (German)
Dijon Digione (Italian), Dijon (French), Diviodunum (Latin)
Dillingen Dilinga (Spanish), Dillingen (German)
Domažlice Domažlice (Czech), Taus (German)
Donetsk Doneţk (Romanian), Donetsk (Russian), Donetskas (Lithuanian), Donezk (German), Donieck (Polish), Donjeck (Serbian); Stalino (former name), Yuzovka (former name)
Dover Douvres (French), Doveris (Lithuanian), Duvra (Latvian)
Drachhausen Drachhausen (German), Hochoza (Lower Sorbian)
Dresden Drážďany (Czech, Slovak), Dresda (Italian, Portuguese, Romanian), Dresde (French, Spanish), Drésdi (Greek), Drezda (Hungarian), Drezdenas (Lithuanian), Drezno (Polish), Drježdźany (Lower Sorbian)
Drohiczyn Drohiczyn (Polish), Drohičinas (Lithuanian)
Drohobycz Drobitsh - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Drogobych (Russian), Дрогобич/Drohobych (Ukrainian), Drohobycz (German, Polish)
Dubrovnik Dubrovnik (Croatian, Serbian), Dubrovnikas (Lithuanian), Ragusa (Italian), Raguse (old French), Dubrownik (Polish)
Dublin Baile Átha Cliath (Irish), Dubh Linn (archaic Irish variant), Dablin (Arabic, Serbian), Dhuvlíno - Δουβλίνο (Greek), Dublim (Portuguese), Dublín (Spanish), Dublinas (Lithuanian), Dublino (Italian), Dulenn (Breton), Dulyn (Welsh), Dyflinni (Icelandic)
Dunkirk Dhunkérki - Δουγκέρκη (Greek), Duinkerken (Dutch), Dunkerque (French), Dunkierka (Polish), Dünkirchen (German), Dunquerque (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish)
Durrës Dhirrákhion - Δυρράχιον (Greek), Drač (Croatian, Czech, Serbian), Durazzo (Italian), Durrës (Albanian), Durŭs - Template:Unicode (Bulgarian), Dyrrhachium (Latin)
Düsseldorf Diuseldorfas (Lithuanian), Dizeldorf (Macedonian), Düsseldorf (German), Dusseldórfia (Portuguese), Dusseldorp (Dutch), Duesseldorf (Walloon)
Dushanbe Doesjanbe (Dutch), Douchanbé (French), Dušanbe (Finnish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Tajik), Dušanbė (Lithuanian), Duşanbe (Romanian, Turkish), Dūšānbī (Arabic), Duschanbe (German), Dusjanbe (Swedish), Duszanbe (Polish); Hissar (former name); Stalinabad (former name)

E

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Edinburgh Caeredin (Welsh), Dún Éideann (Irish), Důn Čideann (Scots Gaelic), Edhimvúrgho - Εδιμβούργο (Greek), Edinborg (Icelandic), Edimbourg (French), Edimburgo (Italian, Portuguese), Edinburg (German [rare]), Edinburga (Latvian), Edinburgas (Lithuanian), Edinburk (Czech), Edynburg (Polish)
Edirne Adhrianúpolis - Αδριανούπολις (Greek), Adrianopel (German), Adrianopla (Portuguese), Adrianople (former English name), Adrianopol (Polish, Romanian, Slovak), Adrianopole (Romanian), Adrianopoli (Italian), Adrianopolis (Czech, Dutch), Adrianópolis (Spanish), Drinápoly (Hungarian), Drinopol (variant in Czech and Slovak), Hadrianople (variant in English), Odrin (Bulgarian), Uskudama (Thracian)
Eger Eger (Hungarian), Eğri (Turkish), Erlau (German), Jager (Czech), Jáger (Slovak), Jagier (Polish)
Eisenhüttenstadt Eisenhüttenstadt (German), Żelazowa Huta (Polish), Stalinstadt (former German name)
Elbląg Elbiąg (local Polish dialect), Elbląg (Polish), Elbing (German), Ilfing or Truso (Old Prussian)
Ełk Ełk (Polish), Lyck (German)
Elsinore Elseneur (French), Elsinor (Spanish), Elsinore (Italian), Helsingør (Danish), Helsingör (Finnish, German, Swedish)
Emmerich Emmerich (German), Emmerik (Dutch)
Erlangen Erlangen (German), Erlanky (Czech)
Espoo Espoo (Finnish), Esbo (Swedish)
Esztergom Esztergom (Hungarian), Gran (German), Ostřihom (Czech), Ostrihom (Slovak), Ostrzyhom (Polish), Estergon (Turkish)
Eupen Eupen (German, French, Dutch), Néau, Neyow, Naowe, Naouwe (Walloon)

F

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Flensburg Flensborch (Low Saxon), Flensborg (Danish), Flensburg (German)
Florence Firenca (Croatian, Serbian), Firence (Slovene), Firenze (Finnish, Hungarian, Italian), Flórans (Irish), Floransa (Turkish), Florença (Portuguese), Florčncia (Catalan), Florencia (Slovak, Spanish), Florencie (Czech), Florencija (Lithuanian), Florencja (Polish), Florens (Swedish), Florenţa (Romanian), Florenz (German),Florence (French), Florance (Walloon)
Flushing Flesinga (Spanish), Flessinga (Italian), Flessingue (French), Vlissingen (Dutch)
Fort Augustus Cille Chumein (Scots Gaelic)
Frankfurt Francfort (Catalan), Fráncfort del Meno (Spanish), Francfort-sur-le-Main (French), Francoforte sobre o Meno (Portuguese), Francoforte sul Meno (Italian), Frankfurt am Main (German), Frankfurtas prie Maino (Lithuanian), Frankfúrti - Φραγκφούρτη (Greek), Frankfurt nad Menem (Polish), Frankfurt nad Mohanem (Czech), Frankfurt nad Mohanom (Slovak), Frankfurt pe Main (Romanian)
Frankfurt (East Germany) Fráncfort del Oder (Spanish), Francfort-sur-l'Oder (French), Francoforte sobre o Óder (Portuguese), Francoforte sull'Oder (Italian), Frankfurt an der Oder (German), Frankfurtas prie Oderio (Lithuanian), Frankfurt nad Odrą (Polish), Frankfurt nad Odrou (Slovak, Czech), Frankfurt pe Oder (Romanian)
Freiburg Freiburg im Breisgau (German), Fribourg-en-Brisgau (French), Friburgo di Brisgovia (Italian)
Freising Brižinje/Brižine (Slovene), Freising (German), Frisinga (Italian, Spanish), Frisingue (French)
Fribourg Freiburg im Üechtland (German), Fribourg (French), Friburg (Romansh), Friburgo (Italian, Portuguese)
Frombork Frauenburg (German), Frombork (Polish)

G

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Gallipoli Galipolis (Lithuanian), Galipolje (Croatian, Serbian), Gallipoli (Italian), Gelibolu (Turkish), Kalípolis - Καλλίπολις (Greek)
Galway Gaillimh (Irish)
Gdańsk Dants - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Danzica (Italian), Danzig (German), Gdaňsk (Czech), Gdańsk (Polish), Gdanskas (Lithuanian), Gduńsk (Kashubian), Gedania (Latin)
Gdynia Gdingen (German), Gdiniô (Kashubian/Pomeranian), Gdyně (Czech), Gdynė (Lithuanian), Gdynia (Polish), Gotenhafen (German 1939-1945)
Geneva Cenevre (Turkish), Genebra (Portuguese), Geneve / Genčve (Dutch), Geneve (Finnish), Genčve (French), Genevra (Romansh), Genewa (Polish), Genf (German, Hungarian), An Ghinéiv (Irish), Ginebra (Catalan, Spanish), Ginevra (Italian), Jinīf (Arabic), Yenévi - Γενέβη (Greek), Ženeva (Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Lithuanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Ukrainian), Djeneve (Walloon)
Genoa Cenova (Turkish), Đenova (Serbian), Gęnes (French), Gčnova (Catalan), Genova (Finnish, Italian, Romanian, Slovene), Génova / Gęnova (Portuguese), Génova (Spanish), Genua (Dutch, German, Latin, Polish), Genuja (Lithuanian), Janov (Czech, Slovak), Zena (Genoese)
Ghent Gand (French, Portuguese), Gandawa (Polish), Gante (Spanish), Gent (Dutch/Flemish, Finnish, German), Guanto (old Italian)
Gibraltar Cebelitarık (Turkish), Gibilterra (Italian), Jabal-Tarīq (Arabic), Gibraltar (Spanish, Portuguese), Gibraltaras (Lithuanian)
Girona Gerona (Spanish), Girona (Catalan, Portuguese)
Gjirokastër Argirocastro (Italian), Aryirókastron (Greek), Gjirokastër / Gjirokastra (Albanian), Ergiri (Turkish)
Glarus Glaris (French), Glarona (Italian), Glaruna (Romansh), Glarus (German)
Glastonbury Glaistimbir/Glaistimbir na nGael/Gloineistir (Irish)
Glasgow Glaschú (Irish), Glaschů (Scots Gaelic)
Gliwice Gleiwitz (German), Gliwice (Polish)
Głogów Glogau (German), Hlohov (Czech), Glogovia (Latin), Glogova (Lithuanian), Głogów (Polish)
Gmünd Cmunt (Czech), Gmünd (German)
Gorizia Gorica (Slovene), Gorizia (Italian), Görz (German)
Görlitz Görlitz (German), Zgorzelec (Polish), Zhořelec (Czech), Zhorjelc (Upper Sorbian)
Gothenburg Gautaborg (Icelandic), Gioteburgas (Lithuanian), Goeteborg (Polish), Göteborg (Finnish, German, Swedish), Gřteborg (Norwegian), Göteburg (Turkish), Gotemburgo (Portuguese, Spanish), Gotenburg (Dutch, German [obs.])
Göttingen Getynga (Polish), Getynky (Czech), Gœttingue (French), Gotinga (Spanish, Portuguese), Gottinga (Italian)
Gramzow Gramzow (German), Grębowo (Polish)
Granada al-Ġarnāda (Arabic), Granada (Italian, Spanish, Lithuanian, Portuguese), Grenade (French)
Graz Gradec (Slovene), Graz (German), Grodziec (Polish), Štýrský Hradec (Czech)
Greifswald Greifswald (German), Gryfia (Polish)
Groningen Grins (Frisian), Groninga (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Groningen (Dutch, German), Groningue (French), Grönnen / Grunnen / Grunn'n (Gronings), Groot Loug or Stad (local nicknames)
Grozny Djovkhar Ghaala (Chechen), Džochargala (alternative Lithuanian name), Groznas (Lithuanian), Groznîi (Romanian), Groznyj - Грозный (Russian)
Grudziądz Graudenz (German), Grudziądz (Polish)
Günzburg Günzburg (German), Gunzburgo (Spanish)
Gusev Gabin (Polish), Gumbinė (Lithuanian), Gumbinnen (German), Gusev - Гусев (Russian)
Győr Győr (Hungarian), Raab (German), Ráb (Czech)

H

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Haderslev Hadersleben (German), Haderslev (Danish)
Hamburg Amburgo (Italian), Amvúrgho - Αμβούργο (Greek), Gamburg - Гамбург (Russian), Hamborg (Danish, Swedish), Hambourg (French), Hamburch (Frisian, Low Saxon), Hambūrġ (Arabic), Hamburg (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Slovene), Hamburgas (Lithuanian), Hamburgo (Portuguese, Spanish), Hamburk (Czech), Hampuri (Finnish)
Hämeenlinna Hämeenlinna (Finnish), Tavastehus (Swedish)
Hamelin Hamelen (Dutch), Hamelin (French, Italian, Portuguese), Hamelín (Spanish), Hameln (German)
Hanau Hanau (German), Hanava (Czech)
Hanover Anóvero - Ανόβερο (Greek), Ganover - Гановер (Russian), Hannover (Dutch, Finnish, German, Italian), Hanôver (Portuguese), Hanóver (Spanish), Hanoveris (Lithuanian), Hanovra (Romanian), Hanovre (French), Hanower (Polish), Hanôve (Walloon)
Hasselt Hasselt (Dutch, French), Hasse / Hasque / Hassčl (Walloon),
Heligoland Helgoland (German), Heligolândia (Portuguese)
Helsinki Elsínki (Greek), Helsingfors (Danish, Swedish), Helsingi (Estonian), Hel'sinki (Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian), Helsinki (Finnish, Italian, Polish, Slovene), Helsinkis (Lithuanian), Helsinky (Czech), Helsinque (Brazilian Portuguese), Helsínquia (Portuguese), Helsset (North Sami), Hilsīnkī (Arabic), Stadi and Hesa (Local nicknames)
Heraklion Cŕndia (Catalan), Candia (Italian), Cândia/Heráclion (Portuguese), Candie (old French), Héraklion (French), Iraklion (Greek, Polish), Candía (Spanish), Kandiye (Turkish)
's Hertogenbosch 's Hertogenbosch (Dutch), Bois-le-Duc (French), Boscoducale (Italian)
Homyel' Gomel' (Russian), Homl - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Го́мель/'Homyel' (Belarusian), Homel (Polish)
Hoyerswerda Hoyerswerda (German), Wojerecy (Sorbian)
Hrodna Gardinas (Lithuanian), Grodno (Polish, Russian), Grodne - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Гро́дна/Hrodna (Belarusian), Гро́дно/Hrodno (Ukrainian)
Huy Huy (French), Hoei (Dutch), Hu (Walloon)

I

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Iaşi Iaşi (Romanian), Jászvásár (old Hungarian), Jassy (German, also older English, Polish), Iassy (old French name), Yaş (Turkish),
Iraklion see Heraklion
Innsbruck Innsbruck (German), Inomost (Old Slovene), Inomostí / Inšpruk (Czech), Insbrukas (Lithuanian), Insbruque (Portuguese)
Ioannina Giannina (Italian), Ianina (Aromanian), Ioannina (Finnish), Ioánnina - Ιωάννινα (Greek), Janinë / Janina (Albanian), Yánena - Γιάννενα / Yánina - Γιάννινα (Greek variants), Yanya (Turkish)
Istanbul Estambul (Spanish), Istambul (Croatian, Italian, Portuguese, Serbian), Istanboel (Dutch), Istanbūl (Arabic), Istanbuł / Stambuł (Polish), Istanbul (French, Romanian, Slovenian), İstanbul (Turkish), Isztambul (Hungarian), Κονσταντινούπολις/Konstantinúpolis Η Πόλις/I Polis (i.e. The City) (Greek), Mikligarđur (Icelandic), Stamboll (Albanian), Stambul (Russian, Ukrainian), Stambula (Latvian), Stambulas (Lithuanian)


Former names: Constantinoble (Catalan), Bizánc / Konstantinápoly (Hungarian), Bizanc / Carigrad / Konstantinopel (Slovene), Bizâncio / Constantinopla (Portuguese), Bizancjum / Carogród / Konstantynopol (Polish), Bizant / Carigrad / Konstantinopol (Croatian, Serbian), Bizanţ / Constantinopol(e) / Stambul / Ţarigrad (Romanian), Bisanzio / Costantinopoli (Italian), Bysants / Konstantinopel (Norwegian), Byzantion (Greek), Byzantium / Constantinople (English), Byzantium / Constantinopolis (Latin), Carigrad (Croatian, Serbian), Cařihrad / Konstantinopol (Czech), Carihrad / Konštantínopol (Slovak), Constantinopel (Dutch), Konstantinopel (German), Konstantinopoli (Finnish), Mikligarđr (Old Norse), Qushta - Template:Unicode (Hebrew), Tsarigrad (Russian); Estambul, Konstantinopyla, Koshta, Koshtandina, Kospoli, Kostan (other variants during Ottoman period), Byzance/Constantinople/Stamboul(French).

Izmir Esmirna (Catalan, Portuguese, Spanish), İzmir (Turkish), Smirna (Serbian, old Romanian name), Smirne (Italian), Σμύρνη/Smírni/Zmírni (Greek), Smyrna (variant in English)

J

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Jakobstad Jakobstad (Swedish), Pietarsaari (Finnish)
Jarosław Jaroslau (German), Jarosław (Polish), Yareslev - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Yaroslav (Russian)
Jena Iéna (French), Iena (Romanian), Jena (German)
Jihlava Iglau (German), Jihlava (Czech)

K

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Kaliningrad Kaliningrad - Template:Unicode (Russian), Kalingrad (Polish), Kaliningrado (Spanish, Portuguese), Kalinjingrad (Croatian), Kaljinjingrad - Template:Unicode (Serbian), Karaliaučius (Lithuanian), Kenigsberg קעניגסבערג (Yiddish), Keunigsbarg (Low Saxon), Koningsbergen (Dutch), Königsberg (German), Konigsberga (Old Portuguese), Královec (Czech), Królewiec (former Polish name)
Kamenz Kamenz (German), Kamjenc (Upper Sorbian)
Kamyaniets Podilskiy Kamenets Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Kamenets-Podol'skiy - Template:Unicode (Russian), Kamieniec Podolski (Polish), Kam"yanets'-Podil's'kyy - Template:Unicode (Ukrainian)
Kandalaksha Kandalaksha - Template:Unicode (Russian), Kannanlahti / Kantalahti (Finnish)
Kartuzy Karthaus (German), Kartuzy (Polish)
Katowice Katovicai (Lithuanian), Katovice (Czech, Serbian), Katoviçe (Turkish), Katowice (Polish), Kattowitz (German); Stalinogród (Polish 1953-1956)
Kaunas Kauen (German), Kaunas (Lithuanian), Kovne - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Kovno (Czech), Kovno - Template:Unicode (Russian), Kowno (Polish)
Kem' Kem' - Template:Unicode (Russian), Kemi or Vienan Kemi (Finnish)
Kemi Giepma (Northern Sami)
Kętrzyn Kętrzyn (Polish), Rastenburg (German)
Kharkov Charkov (Czech, Slovak), Charkovas (Lithuanian), Charków (Polish), Harkov (Romanian), Harkova (Finnish), Karkov (Turkish), Khar'kiv - Template:Unicode (Ukrainian), Khar'kov - Template:Unicode (Russian)
Kiel Kiel (German), Kilonia (Polish), Kylis (Lithuanian), Quília (Portuguese)
Kielce Kelts - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Kel'tsy - Template:Unicode (Russian), Kielce (Polish)
Kiev Kćnugarđur (Icelandic), Kiëv (Dutch), Kiev (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish) Kiev - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Kíevo (Greek), Kiew (German), Kijev (Croatian, Hungarian, Serbian, Slovene), Kijeva (Latvian), Kijevas (Lithuanian), Kijów (Polish), Kiova (Finnish), Kiyev - Template:Unicode (Russian), Kīyif (Arabic), Kyjev (Czech, Slovak); Kyyiv - Template:Unicode (Ukrainian), Qiyov - קיוב (Hebrew)
Kirovgrad formerly Yelizavetgrad; Kirovgrado (Portuguese, Spanish)
Kilkenny Cill Chainnigh (Irish)
Kiruna Giron (Sami), Kiiruna (Finnish)
Klagenfurt Celovec (Czech, Slovene), Klagenfurt (German), Želanec (alternative Czech name)
Klaipeda Klaipeda (Finnish), Klaipėda (Lithuanian), Kłajpeda (Polish), Memel (German)
Kobarid Caporetto (Italian), Kobarid (Slovene)
Kolkwitz Gołkojce (Lower Sorbian), Kolkwitz (Niederlausitz) (German)
Kolomyya Kilemey - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Kolomea (German), Kołomyja (Polish), Kolomyya - Template:Unicode (Ukrainian)
Kondopoga Kondopoga - Template:Unicode (Russian), Kontiolahti (Finnish)
Konstanz Constance (French, variant in English), Constança/Constância (Portuguese), Costanza (Italian), Konstancja (Polish), Köstence (Turkish), Kostnice (Czech)
Köpenick Köpenick (German), Kopník (Czech)
Koper Capodistria (Italian), Kopar (Croatian, Serbian), Koper (Slovene)
Korçë Korçë / Korça (Albanian), Koritsa (Greek)
Kortrijk Kortrijk (Dutch), Courtrai (French)
Košice Kaschau (German), Kassa (Hungarian), Košice (Serbian, Slovak), Koszyce (Polish)
Kosovo Polje Amselfeld (German), Champ des merles (French), Fushe Koseve (Albanian), Kosovo Polje (Serbian), Kosowe Pole (Polish), Rigómező (Hungarian)
Kotor Cattaro (Italian), Kotor (Croatian, Serbian)
Kovel Kovel' - Template:Unicode (Russian, Ukrainian), Kowel (Polish), Kovl - Template:Unicode (Yiddish)
Krems Krems (German), Kremže / Křemže (Czech)
Kristianstad Kristianstad (Swedish), Kristianstadas (Lithuanian)
Kristinestad Christinae Stadh (older Swedish name), Kristiinankaupunki (Finnish), Kristingrad - Template:Unicode (Serbian)
Krnov Carnovia (Latin), Jägerndorf (German), Karniów (older Polish name), Krnov (Czech), Krnów (Polish)
Kudowa Zdrój Chudoba (Czech), Kudowa-Zdrój (Polish)
Kwidzyn Kwidzyn (Polish), Marienwerder (German)
Kyle of Lochalsh Caol Loch Ailse (Scots Gaelic)

L

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Labin Albona (Italian), Labin (Croatian)
Lahti Lahti (Finnish, Slovene), Lahtis (Swedish)
Lappeenranta Lappeenranta (Finnish), Villmanstrand (Swedish)
Lausanne Lausanne (French), Lausana (Spanish, Portuguese), Losanna (Italian), Lozan (Turkish), Lozana (Serbian), Lozáni (Greek), Lozanna (Polish), Luzana (Slovene)
Leeuwarden Leeuwarden (Dutch), Ljouwert (Frisian)
Leghorn Liorna (Spanish), Livorno (Italian, Finnish, German, Portuguese, Romanian), Livourne (French)
Leicester Caerlyr (Welsh), Ratae (Latin), Leicestria (Church Latin)
Leiden Leida (Italian, Portuguese), Leiden (Dutch, Slovene), Lejda (Polish), Leyde (French), Leyden (variant in English)
Leipzig Lajpcig (Serbian), Leipcigas (Lithuanian), Leipzig (French, German, Slovene), Lipcse (Hungarian), Lipsca (old Romanian), Lipsía - Λειψία (Greek), Lipsia (Italian), Lípsia (Portuguese), Lipsk (Lower Sorbian, Polish), Lipsko (Czech, Slovak)
Lębork Lauenburg (German), Lębork (Polish)
Lezhë Lezhë / Lezha (Albanian), Alessio (Italian)
Ličge Lîdje / Lîdge (Walloon), Liege (Finnish, Swedish, Turkish), Ličge (French, Hungarian, Romanian), Liége (former French, Portuguese), Liegi (Italian), Léck (Luxembourgish), Lieĝo (Esperanto), Lieja (Catalan, Spanish), Liež (Serbian), Luik (Dutch), Lutych (Czech), Lüttich (German), Leodium (Latin), Λιέγης (Greek), Льеж (Russian), Лиеж (Bulgarian), ولييج (Arab), ליאז' (Hebrew)
Liepāja Libau (German), Libava or Liyepaya (Russian) Libave - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Liepāja (Latvian), Lipawa (Polish)
Lier Lier (Dutch), Lierre (French)
Lille Lilla (Catalan, Italian), Lille (French, Portuguese), Rijsel (Dutch)
Limerick Limeriko (Esperanto), Luimneach (Irish)
Linz Linec (Czech), Linz (German, Slovene), Lentia (Latin)
Lisbon Liospóin (Irish), Lisabon (Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian), Lisabona (Lithuanian, Romanian), Lisboa (Portuguese, Spanish), Lisbona (Italian), Lisbonne (French), Lisbono (Esperanto), Lišbūna (Arabic), Lissabon (Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Russian, Swedish), Lissavóna (Greek), Lisszabon (Hungarian), Lizbon (Turkish), Lizbona (Polish, Slovene), Uşbune (old Arabian)
Liverpool Learpholl (Irish), Lerpwl (Welsh), Liverpūle (Latvian), Liverpulis (Lithuanian), Liverpulo (Esperanto), Llynlleifiad (former Welsh)
Ljubljana Laibach (German), Liubliana (Portuguese, Spanish), Liublijana (Lithuanian), Liyūbliyānā (Arabic), Ljubljana (French, Slovene), Lubiana (Italian), Lublaň (Czech), Lublana (Polish), Ľubľana (Slovak), Lubyana (Turkish)
Lleida Lerida (Italian), Lérida (French, Portuguese, Spanish), Lleida (Catalan)
Löbau Löbau (German), Lubij (Upper Sorbian), Lubiniec (Polish)
London Landan (Arabic), Llundain (Welsh), Londain (Irish), Londen (Dutch), Λονδίνο/Londhíno (Greek), Londinium (Latin), Londona (Latvian), Londonas (Lithuanian), Londono (Esperanto), Londra (Italian, Romanian, Turkish), Londres (Catalan, French, Portuguese, Spanish), Londyn (Polish), Londýn (Czech, Slovak), Lontoo (Finnish), Loundres (Cornish), Lundúnir (Icelandic), Lunnainn (Scots Gaelic)
Londonderry Derio (Esperanto), Derry (official English name in Republic of Ireland; disputed usage in Northern Ireland), Doire (Irish)
Longwy Longwy (French), Lonkech (Luxembourgish)
Lourdes Lourdes (French, Italian, Portuguese), Lurdy (Czech)
Louvain Leuven (Dutch), Louvain (French), Lováin (Irish), Lovaina (Catalan, Portuguese, Spanish), Lovaň (Czech), Lovanio (Italian), Löwen (German), Lovin (Walloon), Léiwen (Luxembourgish)
Lübben Lübben (German), Lubin (Lower Sorbian, Polish)
Lübbenau Lübbenau (German), Lubnjow (Lower Sorbian)
Lübeck Liubekas (Lithuanian), Lubecca (Italian), Lübeck (French, German), Lubek (Czech), Lubeka (Polish), Lubeque (Portuguese), Lyypekki (Finnish)
Lucca Luca (Portuguese), Lucca (Italian), Lucques (French), Lukka (Polish)
Lucerne Liucerna (Lithuanian), Lucern (Czech, Slovene), Lucerna (Italian, Romansh, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish), Lucerne (French), Lukérni (Greek), Luzern (German, Finnish, Serbian, Turkish), Luzerna (Catalan)
Luleĺ Luleĺ (Swedish), Lulėja (Lithuanian), Luleo (Serbian), Luulaja (Finnish)
Lüneburg Lüneburch (Low Saxon), Lüneburg (German), Luneburgo (Italian, Portuguese), Lunenburg (variant in English)
Lutsk Luckas (Lithuanian), Lutsk/Luts’k/Луцьк (Ukrainian), Łuck (Polish),
Luxembourg Lëtzebuerg (Luxembourgish), Liuksemburgas (Lithuanian), Ljuksemburg (Bulgarian, Russian), Ljuksemburh (Ukrainian), Lucemburk (Czech), Lucsamburg (Irish), Luksemboarch (Frisian), Luksemburg (Croatian, Estonian, Macedonian, Polish, Serbian, Slovene), Lüksemburg (Turkish), Luksemburga (Latvian), Luksemburgio (Esperanto), Lussemburgo (Italian), Lussimbork (Walloon), Lúxemborg (Icelandic), Luxemborg / Luxembourg / Luxemburg (Danish), Luxembourg (Afrikaans, French, Hungarian [for the city]), Luxemburg (Basque variant, Catalan, Dutch, English variant, Finnish, German, Hungarian [for the country], Romanian, Swedish), Luxemburgia (Latin variant), Luxemburgo (Portuguese, Spanish), Luxemburgum (Latin), Luxembursko (Slovak), Luxemvúrgho - Λουξεμβούργο (Greek), Luxenburgo (Basque), Lwcsembwrg (Welsh)
L'viv Ilyvó (Hungarian), Lavov (Croatian), Lemberg (German), Lemberig - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Léopol (French), Leopoli (Italian), Leopolis (Latin), Lióv (Romanian), L'viv - Львів (Ukrainian), Lvov (Finnish, Portuguese, Slovene), L'vov - Львов (Russian), Ľvov (Slovak), Lvovas (Lithuanian), Lwów (Polish)
Lyon Liăo (Portuguese), Lijonas (Lithuanian), Lió (Catalan), Lione (Italian), Liono (Esperanto), Liyon (Serbian), Lugdunum or Lugudunum (Latin), Lyon (French, German, Slovene), Lyón (Spanish), Lyons (traditional English name)

M

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Maastricht Maastricht (Dutch, French), Maestricht (former French, Flemisch), Mastrichtas (Lithuanian), Mastrique (Spanish), Mestreech (local Limburger dialect), Traiectum ad Mosam or Traiectum superius (Latin), Mĺstrek / Li Trek (Walloon)
Madrid Madhríti (Greek), Madri (Brasilian Portuguese), Madrid (French, Italian, Spanish, European Portuguese), Madridas (Lithuanian), Madrido (Esperanto), Madryt (Polish), Maidrid (Irish), Mecrit (Arabic), Madriz (Madrileńo)
Mahilyow Магілёў/Mahiloŭ/Mahilyow (Belarusian), Mogilev (Russian), Mogilew or Mohylew (Polish), Molev - Template:Unicode (Yiddish)
Mainz Määnz (local dialect), Magonza (Italian), Maguncia (Spanish), Mainz (German), Majnc (Serbian), Mayence (French), Mogúncia (Portuguese), Moguncja (Polish), Moguntiacum (Latin), Mohuč (Czech, Slovak), Meenz (former local dialect)
Malbork Malbork (Polish), Marienburg (German)
Manchester Manceinion (Welsh), Mančestra (Latvian), Manĉestro (Esperanto), Mančesteris (Lithuanian), Manchain (Irish), Mancunium (Latin)
Monschau Monschau (German), Montjoie (French)
Mantua Mantoue (French), Mantova (Italian, Finnish, Czech, Slovak), Mantua (Latin), Mântua (Portuguese)
Maribor Marburg (German), Marburgo (Portuguese), Maribor (Slovene), Morpurgo (old Italian)
Mariehamn Maarianhamina (Finnish), Mariehamn (Swedish)
Marktredwitz Marktredwitz (German), Ředvice (Czech)
Marseilles Marseille (French), Marsel' (Russian), Marselha (Portuguese), Marselj (Serbian), Marseljo (Esperanto), Marsella (Spanish), Marsiglia (Italian), Marsilha (Provençal), Marsilia (Romanian), Marsīliyā (Arabic), Marsilya (Turkish), Marsylia (Polish), Massalía (Greek), Marselis (Lithuanian)
Mechelen Malinas (Spanish), Malines (Catalan, French), Mechelen (Dutch), Mecheln (German), Mechlin (older English name)
Meissen Meißen (German), Míšeň (Czech), Misnia (Italian), Miśnia (Polish)
Melk Medlík (Czech), Melk (German), Mölk (older German name)
Messina Messina (Italian, Portuguese), Messine (French), Mesyna (Polish), Missina (Sicilian)
Metz Divodurum (Latin), Mec - Мец (Bulgarian, Serbian, Russian), Mety (Czech), Metz (French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian)
Międzybórz Mezbizh - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Międzybórz (Łódźkie) (Polish)
Miercurea-Ciuc Csíkszereda (Hungarian), Miercurea-Ciuc (Romanian), Szeklerburg (German)
Mikkeli Mikkeli (Finnish), St. Michel (Swedish)
Mikulov Mikulov (Czech), Nikolsburg (German)
Milan Mailand (German), Mediolan (Polish), Mediólana (former Greek name), Mediolānum (Latin), Milŕ (Catalan), Milaan (Dutch), Milán (Czech, Spanish), Milano (Croatian, Esperanto, Finnish, Italian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Turkish), Miláno (Greek, Slovak), Milánó (Hungarian), Mīlānū (Arabic), Milăo (Portuguese), Milanas (Lithuanian)
Minsk Minsk - Template:Unicode or Myensk - Template:Unicode (Belarusian), Minsk - Template:Unicode (Russian), Minsk - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Mińsk (Polish), Mins'k - Template:Unicode (Ukrainian), Minsko (Esperanto), Minszk (Hungarian), Minskas (Lithuanian)
Miskolc Miskolc (Hungarian), Miškovec (Czech, Slovak), Miszkolc (Polish)
Monaco Monaco (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Swedish, Welsh), Monacó (Irish), Mónaco (Portuguese, Spanish), Monakas (Lithuanian), Monako (Basque, Esperanto, Latvian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Turkish), Monakó - Μονακό (Greek), Mónakó (Icelandic), Monoecus (Latin), Munegu (Monegasque)
Mons Bergen (Dutch), Berĥeno (Esperanto), Mons (French), Mont (Walloon)
Montbéliard Mömpelgard (German), Montbéliard (French)
Moscow Maskava (Latvian), Масква/Maskva (Belarusian), Mosca (Italian), Moscó (Irish), Moscou (French, Brazilian Portuguese), Moscova (Romanian), Moscovo (Portuguese), Moscú (Spanish), Moskau (German), Móskha (Greek), Moskou (Dutch), Moskova (Finnish, Turkish), Moskva (Bulgarian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Danish, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian), Moskve - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Moskvo (Esperanto), Moskwa (Polish), Moszkva (Hungarian), Mūskū (Arabic)
Mosonmagyaróvár Mosonmagyaróvár (Hungarian), Wieselburg-Ungarisch Altenburg (German)
Mstsislav Mstsislav (Belarusian), Mstislavlis (Lithuanian), Mścisław (Polish)
Mukacheve Mukačevo (Czech, Slovak), Mukacheve - Мyкaчeвe (Ukrainian), Mukachevo - Мyкaчeвo (Russian), Mukachiv - Мyкaчiв (Ruthenian), Mukaczewo (Polish), Minkatsh - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Munkács (Hungarian), Munkatsch (German)
Mulhouse Milhüse or Milhüsa (Alsatian), Mülhausen (German), Mulhouse (French), Mylhúzy (Czech), Miluza (Polish)
Munich Minhen (Serbian), Minkhn - Template:Unicode (Yiddish); Miunchenas (Lithuanian), Miyūnikh (Arabic), Мюнхен/Myunkhen (Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian), Mnichov (Czech), Mníchov (Slovak), Monachium (Polish), Monaco di Baviera (Italian), Mónakho (Greek), Monakovo (old Slovene), München (Dutch, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Low Saxon, modern Slovene, Swedish), Munĥeno or Munkeno (Esperanto), Múnich (Spanish), Münih (Turkish), Munique (Portuguese), Műnik (Walloon)
Münster Münster (German), Meuster (Walloon)
Murmansk Moermansk (Dutch), Mourmansk (French), Murmansk - Мурманск (Russian), Murmansko (Esperanto), Muurmanni or Muurmanski (older Finnish names), Muurmansk (Finnish); Romanov-on-Murman (former name), Murmanskas (Lithuanian), Murmańsk (Polish)

N

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Namur Namur (French), Namen (Dutch), Nameur (Walloon)
Nancy Nancy (French), Nanzig (German), Nanzeg (Luxembourgish)
Naples Nābūlī (Arabic), Napels (Dutch), Nápoles (Portuguese, Spanish), Napoli (Italian, Finnish, Romanian, Turkish), Napolo (Esperanto), Nŕpols (Catalan), Nápoly (Hungarian), Napulj (Croatian, Serbian), Neapel (German), Neapelj (Slovene), Neapolis (Lithuanian), Neapol (Czech, Polish, Slovak), Neapol' (Russian, Ukrainian), Neapole (old Romanian name), Neápoli (modern Greek), Neápolis (ancient Greek)
Narbonne Narbo or Narbo Martius (Latin), Narbona (Italian, Spanish), Narbonne (French)
Navahradak Naugardukas (Lithuanian), Нава́градак/Navahradak (Belarusian), Nowogródek (Polish), Novogrudok (Russian)
Neuchâtel Neuchâtel (French), Neuenburg (German)
Newport (Monmouthshire) Casnewydd (Welsh)
Newport (Pembrokeshire) Trefdraeth (Welsh)
Nice Niça (Catalan), Nicea (Polish), Níkea (Greek), Nis (Turkish), Nisa (Romanian), Niza (Spanish), Nizza (Italian, Finnish, German, Hungarian), Nica (Lithuanian)
Nicosia Lefkoşe (Turkish), Lefkosía (Greek), Nicosia (Hungarian, Italian, Spanish), Nicósia (Portuguese), Nicosie (French), Nikosia / Lefkosia (Finnish), Nikosia (German), Nikosija (Russian, Ukrainian), Nikosio (Esperanto), Nikozija (Serbian), Nikozja (Polish), Nīqūsiyā (Arabic), Nikozija (Lithuanian)
Nijmegen Nijmegen (Dutch), Nimega (Italian, Spanish), Nimčgue (French), Nimwegen (German, Local Dialect), Nîmegue (Walloon), Batavodurum, Noviomagum (Latin), Nimwege (Limburgs)
Nizhny Novgorod Nijni-Novgorod (French, Romanian), Nischnij Nowgorod (German), Nizhni Novgorod (Finnish), Nižnij Novgorod - Нижний Новгород (Russian), Nižný Novgorod (Slovak), Nowogród (Polish); Gorky (former name 1932-1990), Nižny Novgordas (Lithuanian)
Novi Sad Neusatz (German), Novi Sad - Нови Сад (Serbian), Nový Sad (Slovak), Újvidék (Hungarian), Novi Sadas (Lithuanian)
Nowy Sącz Neu-Sandez (German), Nowy Sącz (Polish), Sandz - Template:Unicode (Yiddish)
Nuremberg Neurenberg (Dutch), Niremvéryi - Νυρεμβέργη (Greek), Norimberg (Slovene), Norimberga (Italian), Norimberk (Czech), Nörnberg (Low Saxon), Norymberga (Polish), Núremberg (Spanish), Nuremberga (Portuguese), Nürnberg (Finnish, German, Hungarian), Niurnbergas (Lithuanian)

O

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Óbuda (now part of Budapest) Altofen (German), Óbuda (Hungarian), Starý Budín (Czech), Buda (Polish)
Odessa Ades - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Hacıbey (Turkish), Одеса/Odesa (Ukrainian), Odessa (Russian, Polish)
Oldenburg Oldemburgo (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Oldenburg (German), Starogard (Polish, Serbian)
Olomouc Olmütz (German), Olomóc or Holomóc (Czech - Hanakian dialect), Olomouc (Czech), Olomuncium (Latin), Ołomuniec (Polish)
Olsztyn Allenstein (German), Olsztyn (Polish), Olštinas (Lithuanian)
Opava Opava (Czech), Opavia (Latin), Opawa (Polish), Troppau (German)
Opole Opole (Polish), Opolí (Czech), Oppeln (German)
Oporto Burtuqāl (Arabic), Oporto (Italian, Spanish), Porto (Czech, Esperanto, French, German, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian), Portas (Lithuanian)
Oradea Gran Varadino (Italian), Großwardein (German), Magno-Varadinum (Latin variant), Nagyvárad (Hungarian), Oradea (Romanian, Polish), Varadinum (Latin), Varat (Turkish)
Oranienburg Bocov (Czech), Bötzow (former German name), Oranienburg (German)
Oslo Asloa (Latin), Oslo (Bahasa Indonesia, Danish, Dutch, Esperanto, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish), Osló (Irish), Ósló (Icelandic), Ūslū (Arabic), Oslas (Lithuanian), Christiania (former Dano-Norwegian name 1624-1925), Kristiania (late version of former name)
Osnabrück Osnabrück (German), Osnabrugge (Dutch), Osnabruque (Portuguese)
Ostend Oostende (Dutch/Flemish), Ostenda (Italian, Polish), Ostende (Czech, French, German, Portuguese, Serbian), Ostendo (Esperanto), Ostendė (Lithuanian), Ostinde (Walloon)
Oświęcim Auschwitz (German), Osvětim (Czech), Osvienčim (Slovak), Oświęcim (Polish)
Oulu Oulu (Finnish, Polish), Uleĺborg (Swedish)
Oxford Oksfordo (Esperanto), Oxonia (Latin), Rhydychen (Welsh), Oksfordas (Lithuanian), Oksford (Polish)

P

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Padua Padoue (French), Padova (Italian, Finnish, Romanian, Croatian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene), Pádua (Portuguese), Padwa (Polish)
Palermo Palerme (French), Palermo (Italian, Finnish, Polish), Palermas (Lithuanian)
Pamplona Banbalūna (Arabic), Iruńa (Basque), Pamplona (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Pampelune (French), Pampaluna / Lunapampa (Old Provençal), Pampeluna (Polish)
Paris Bārīs (Arabic), Páras (Irish), Parigi (Italian), Pariis (Estonian), Pariisi (Finnish), Parijs (Dutch), Paräis (Luxembourgish), París (Catalan, Spanish), Paris (French, Norwegian) Parísi (Greek), Pariso or Parizo (Esperanto), Pariž (Bulgarian, Russian), Pariz (Croatian, Slovene), Pariz - Template:Unicode (Serbian), Pariz - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Paříž (Czech), Paríž (Slovak), Parīze (Latvian), Párizs (Hungarian), Paryż (Polish), Париж/Paryzh (Ukrainian), Paryžius (Lithuanian), Lutetia (Latin)
Parma Parme (French), Parma (Italian, Latin, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish)
Pärnu Parnawa (Polish), Pärnu (Estonian), Pernau (German), Piarnu (Lithuanian)
Passau Batavia (Latin), Pasawa (Polish), Pasov (Czech), Passau (German), Passovia (Italian)
Pazin Pisino (Italian), Pazin (Croatian)
Pécs Pětikostelí (Czech), Pečuh (Croatian), Fünfkirchen (German), Päťkostolie (Slovak), Pecz (Polish)
Perpignan Perpignan (French), Perpignano (Italian), Perpińán (Spanish), Perpinhăo (Portuguese), Perpinjan (Serbian), Perpinyŕ (Catalan)
Perugia Pérouse (French), Perugia (Italian), Perusa (Spanish)
Petroskoy Petrozavodsk (Russian), Petroskoi (Finnish), Äänislinna (old Finnish name), Petrozavodskas (Lithuanian)
Piacenza Piacenza (Italian), Pjaćenca (Serbian), Plaisance (French), Plasencia (Spanish)
Piła Piła (Polish), Schneidemühl (German)
Piotrków Trybunalski Petrikau (German), Petrikev - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Petrokov (Russian), Piotrków Trybunalski (Polish)
Plauen Plauen (German, Polish), Plavno (Czech)
Pleven Pleven (Bulgarian), Plevna (Russian), Plevno (Czech), Plewen (Polish)
Plovdiv Filippopoli (Italian), Philipopolis (Greek, former name), Plovdiv (Bulgarian), Płowdiw (Polish), Pulpudeva (Thracian, former name), Evmolpias (Thracian, former name), Trimontium (Roman, former name), Filibe (Turkish, former name), Paldin (Slav, former name)
Plymouth Pleimuiden (Dutch), Plimuto (Esperanto)
Plzeň Pilsen (German, Italian), Pilzno (Polish), Plzeň (Czech)
Podgorica Titograd (former name), Ribnica (former name)
Polatsk Полацак/Połacak/Polatsak, Полацк/Połack/Polatsk (Belarusian), Połock (Polish), Полоцк, also transliterated as Polotsk, Polotzk, Polock (Russian)
Pompeii Pompei (Italian), Pompeia (Portuguese), Pompeji (German, Slovene), Pompeya (Spanish), Pompeja (Serbian), Pompeje (Polish), Pompiia (Greek), Pompeiji (Finnish), Pompėja (Lithuanian), Pompeji, (Danish)
Porec Parenzo (Italian), Poreč (Croatian, Slovene)
Pori Björneborg (Swedish), Pori (Finnish)
Portorož Portorose (Italian), Portorož (Slovene)
Porvoo Borgĺ (Swedish), Porvoo (Finnish)
Potsdam Podstupim (Lower Sorbian), Postupim (Czech, Slovak), Potsdam (German, Italian), Poczdam (Polish), Potsdamas (Lithuanian)
Poznań Posen (German), Posnania (Latin), Posnanie (French), Poyzn - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Poznań (Polish), Poznanė (Lithuanian)
Prague Birāġ (Arabic), Praha (Czech, Finnish, Norwegian, Slovak, Ukrainian, Lithuanian), Praag (Dutch), Prag (Croatian, Danish, German, Serbian, Swedish, Turkish), Prág (Irish), Prága (Greek, Hungarian), Praga (Bulgarian, Catalan, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Spanish), Prago (Esperanto), Prog - Template:Unicode (Yiddish)
Pravdinsk Friedland (German), Pravdinsk (Russian), Romuva (Lithuanian)
Priozersk Kexholm / Keksholm (Swedish), Käkisalmi (Finnish), Korela (alternative Finnish name)
Pristina Prishtinë (Albanian), Priština - Приштина (Serbian), Priştina (Turkish), Prisztina (Polish), Pristino (Esperanto), Priština (Lithuanian, Slovene)
Pruszcz Gdański Praust (German), Pruszcz Gdański (Polish)
Przemyśl Peremyshl (Russian), Premisl - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Przemyśl (Polish)
Pskov Pihkva (Estonian), Pihkova (Finnish), Psków (Polish), Pleskau (German), Pskovas (Lithuanian)
Pula Pola (Italian), Pula (Croatian), Pulj (Slovene)
Puławy Pilev - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Puławy (Polish)
Pyrzyce Pyritz (German), Pyrzyce (Polish)

R

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Rădăuţi Rădăuţi (Romanian), Radautz (German), Radevits - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Radowce (Polish)
Radymno Radymno (Polish), Redem - Template:Unicode (Yiddish)
Rauma Rauma (Finnish), Raumo (Swedish)
Regensburg Řezno (Czech), Ratisbona (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Ratisbonne (French), Ratyzbona (Polish), Ratisbon (English [obs.], Latin), Regensborg (Low Saxon), Regensburg (German)
Rheims Reims (French), Remeš (Czech), Remso (Esperanto), Reimsas (Lithuanian)
Riga Riga (Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Slovene), Rīga (Latvian), Rīġā (Arabic), Rige - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Ріга/Riha (Belarusian, Ukrainian), Riia (Estonian), Riika (Finnish), Ryga (Lithuanian, Polish)
Rijeka Fiume (Italian, old Hungarian), Reka (Slovene), Rijeka (Croatian, Hungarian, Polish), St. Veit am Flaum (German)
Rivne Рівне/Rivne (Ukrainian), Rovne - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Rovno (Russian), Równe (Polish), Rowno (German)
Roman Roman (Romanian), Románvásár (Hungarian), Romanvarasch (German)
Rome Rhufain (Welsh), Rim (Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian, Russian, Slovene), Rím (Slovak), Řím (Czech), An Róimh (Irish), Rom (German), Rómi (Greek), Róma (Hungarian), Roma (Catalan, Italian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Turkish), Roum (Luxembourgish), Romo (Esperanto), Rooma (Estonian, Finnish), Roym - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Rūmiya (Arabic), Рим/Rym (Ukrainian), Rzym (Polish)
Roskilde Hróarskelda (Icelandic), Roskilde (Danish)
Rostock Rostock (German), Roztoka (Polish) Roztoky (Czech), Rostokas (Lithuanian)
Rouen Rouen (French), Ruăo (Portuguese), Rúđuborg (Icelandic)
Rovaniemi Roavenjarga (Sami), Rovaniemi (Finnish, Swedish), Rovaniemis (Lithuanian)
Rovinj Rovigno (Italian), Rovinj (Croatian, Slovene)
Rzeszów Reichshof (German 1939-1945), Reyshe - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Rzeszów (Polish)

S

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Saarbrücken Saarbrücken (German), Sarrebruck (French, Spanish), Sarbriukenas (Lithuanian), Saarbrécken (Luxembourgish)
Saarlouis Sarrelouis (French), Saarlautern (German 1939-1945)
Sagunto Sagunt (Catalan, German), Sagunto (Italian, Spanish)
Salzburg Salisburgo (Italian), Salzbourg (French), Salzburg (German, Slovene), Salzburgo (Spanish), Solnograd (old Slovene), Solnohrad (Czech), Zalcburgas (Lithuanian)
Samara Kujbišev (Slovene, former name), Kuybyshev (former name)
Samarkand Samarcanda (Catalan, Italian, Spanish), Samarcande (French), Samarkand (Slovene), Samarkanda (Polish), Semerkant (Turkish), Samarkandas (Lithuanian)
San Sebastián Donostia (Basque), San Sebastián (Spanish), Sant Sebastiŕ (Catalan), Saint-Sébastien (French), San Sebastijanas (Lithuanian)
Santiago de Compostela Šānt Yāqūb (Arabic), Sant Jaume de Galícia (Catalan), Saint-Jacques-de-Compostelle (French), Santiago de Compostela (Galician, Portuguese), Santiago di Compostella (Italian)
Saragossa Saragoça (Portuguese), Saragosa (Slovene), Saragossa (Catalan, German, Polish), Saragosse (French), Saragozza (Italian), Zaragoza (Czech, Spanish), Sarkusta (Arabic)
Sarajevo Sarāyīfū (Arabic), Sarajevo (Slovene), Sarajewo (German, Polish), Saraybosna (Turkish), Szarajevó (Hungarian), Sarajevas (Lithuanian)
Saranda (Áyii) Saránda (Greek), Sarandë / Saranda (Albanian), Santiquaranta (Italian)
Saverne Zabern (German)
Schaffhausen Schaffhouse (French), Schaffhausen (German), Sciaffusa (Italian), Schaffusa (Romansh), Szafuza (Polish)
Schmogrow Schmogrow (German), Smogorjow (Lower Sorbian)
Schweinfurt Schweinfurt (German, Slovene), Svinibrod (Czech)
Schwerin Schwerin (German), Swaryń (Polish), Zuarin (Obotritic), Zvěřín (Czech)
Schwyz Schwytz (French), Schwyz (German), Svitto (Italian), Sviz (Romansh)
Senj Segna (Italian), Senj (Croatian, Slovene), Zengg (old Hungarian name)
Seville al-Išbīliya (Arabic), Hispalis (Latin), Sevila (Slovene), Sevilha (Portuguese), Sevilia (Romanian [obs.]), Seviljo (Esperanto), Sevilla (Catalan, Finnish, Norwegian, Slovak, Spanish, German), Séville (French), Sevilya (Turkish), Sewilla (Polish), Siviglia (Italian), Sevilija (Lithuanian)
Shkodër Scutari (Italian), Skadar (Czech, Serbian, Slovene), Szkodra (Polish), Skutari (German)
Shrewsbury Amwythig (Welsh)
Šiauliai Schaulen (German), Shaulyay (Russian), Shavl - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Šiauliai (Lithuanian), Szawle (Polish)
Sibenik Sebenico (Italian), Šibenik (Croatian, Slovene), Szybenik (Polish)
Sibiu Sibiň (Czech), Sibiu (Romanian), Hermannstadt (German), Szeben (Hungarian)
Siedlce Sedlets (Russian), Shedlets - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Siedlce (Polish)
Sienna Sienne (French), Siena (Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovene, Spanish, Turkish), Siena (Lithuanian)
Sighişoara Schässburg (German), Segesvár (Hungarian), Sighişoara (Romanian)
Skopje Shkupi (Albanian), Skop'e (Russian), Skópia (Greek), Skopia (Spanish), Skopie (Bulgarian, Polish), Skopje (Slovene), Skoplje (Serbian, Croatian), Skūbyī (Arabic), Üsküp (Turkish), Skopjė (Lithuanian)
Sligo Sligeach (Irish)
Smolensk Смаленск/Smalensk (Belarusian), Smolenskas (Lithuianian), Smoleńsk (Polish), Смоленск (Russian)
Solin Salona (Italian), Solin (Croatian, Slovene)
Sofia Serdica (Thracian), Sredets (Slav), Sófia (Greek, Portuguese), Sofia (Italian, Polish), Sofía (Spanish), Sofija (Bulgarian, Croatian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Ukrainian, Lithuanian), Sofio (Esperanto), Sofya (Turkish), Sūfiyā (Arabic), Szófia (Hungarian)
Solothurn Soleure (French), Solothurn (German), Soletta (Italian), Soloturn (Romansh), Solura (Polish)
Sřnderborg Sonderburg (German)
Sopron Ödenburg (German), Šoproň (Czech), Sopron (Hungarian)
Sovetsk Sovetsk - Советск (Russian), Sovjetsk (Slovene), Tilsit (German), Tilžė (Lithuanian), Tylża (Polish)
Speyer Spires (English [obs.]), Espira (Spanish, Portuguese), Spire (French), Spira (Italian), Špýr (Czech)
Split Spalato (Italian), Split (Croatian, Slovene), Splitas (Lithuanian)
Spremberg Grodk (Lower Sorbian), Spremberg (German)
St. Gallen Saint-Gall (French), Sankt Gallen (German), San Gallo (Italian), Son Gagl (Romansh), Svatý Havel (Czech)
St. Petersburg Ayía Petrúpoli (Greek), Peterburg - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Peterburi (Estonian), Petroburgo (Esperanto), Pietari (Finnish), Saint-Pétersbourg (French), Санкт-Пецярбург/Sankt-Pecjarburh (Belarusian), Sankt-Peterburg (Russian, Slovene), Sankt Peterburg (Serbian, Slovak), Sanktpēterburga (Latvian), Sankt Peterburgas (Lithuanian), Sankt Petěrburk (Czech), Sankt Petersborg (Danish), Sankt Petersburg (German, Polish, Romanian), Sankt Peterzburg (Serbian), San Petersburgo (Spanish), San Pietroburgo (Italian), Sānt Bītarsbūrġ (Arabic), Săo Petersburgo (Portuguese), Sint-Petersburg (Dutch), St. Petersburg Norwegian, Szentpétervár (Hungarian); Leningrad (former name), Leningrado (former Italian name), Petrograd (former Russian name, former Slovene name), Petrohrad (former Czech name), Piotrogród (former Polish name), Petrapilis (former Lithuanian)
St. Moritz Sankt Moritz (German), San Murezzan (Romansh), Svatý Mořic (Czech)
Starokonstantinov Alt-Konstantin (German), Starokonstantinov / Староконстантинов (Russian), Old Constantine (older English name), Starokostyantyniv (Ukrainian)
Stockholm Estocolm (Catalan), Estocolmo (Portuguese, Spanish), Istūkhūlm (Arabic), Stoccolma (Italian), Stockholm (Hungarian, Norwegian, Slovene, Swedish), Stócólm (Irish), Stokgol'm (Russian), Štokholm (Serbian, Slovak), Stokhol'm (Ukrainian), Stokholma (Latvian), Stokholmas (Lithuanian), Stokholmo (Esperanto), Stokkhólmi (Greek), Stokkhólmur (Icelandic), Sztokholm (Polish), Tukholma (Finnish), Stokholmas (Lithuanian), Holmia (Latin)
Stralsund Stralsund (German), Strzałowo or Strzałów (Polish)
Strasbourg Estrasburgo (Portuguese, Spanish), Schdroosburi or Strossburi (Alsatian), Straatsburg (Dutch), Strasbourg (French, Norwegian, Slovene), Strasburg (Polish), Štrasburg (Slovak), Strasburgo (Esperanto, Italian), Štrasburk (Czech), Strassburg (Finnish), Straßburg (German), Strazbur (Serbian), Strasbūras (Lithuanian), Stroossbuerg (Luxembourgish)
Straubing Straubing (German), Štrubina (Czech)
Stuttgart Estugarda (Portuguese), Štíhrad (Czech), Stoccarda (Italian), Stuttgart (German, Norwegian, Slovene), Stoutgárdhi (Greek), Štutgartas (Lithuanian)
Subotica Mariatheresiopel (German), Subotica - Суботица (Serbian), Subotica (Slovene), Szabadka (Hungarian)
Suceava Shots - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Suceava (Romanian), Suczawa (Polish, German)
Swansea Abertaŭo (Esperanto), Abertawe (Welsh), Swansea (Slovene)
Świnoujście Swinemünde (German), Świnoujście (Polish)
Syracuse Syrakus (German), Siracusa (Italian, Romanian, Portuguese, Spanish), Syrakuzy (Polish), Syrakúzy (Slovak), Sirakuza (Serbian), Siraküza (Turkish), Sirakuze (Slovene), Syrakusa (Finnish), Sirakuso (Esperanto), Sirakūzai (Lithuanian), Siragüza (Arabic)
Szczebrzeszyn Shebreshin שעברעשין (Yiddish), Szczebrzeszyn (Polish)
Szczecin Scecinum / Stetinum (Latin), Stettin (German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish), Szczecin (Polish), Štětín (Czech), Štetín (Slovene), Stettino (Italian), Šćećin (Serbian), Štetinas (Lithuanian)
Szczytno Ortelsburg (German), Ortulfsburg (older German), Szczytno (Polish)
Szeged Segedín (Czech), Szeged (Hungarian), Seghedino (Italian), Segedyn or Szegedyn (Polish), Seghedin (Romanian)
Székesfehérvár Stoličný Bělehrad (Czech), Stolni Biograd (Croatian), Stuhlweißenburg (German), Stoličný Belehrad (Slovak), İstolni Belgrad (Turkish)
Szentendre Sentandreja - Сентандреја (Serbian), Svatý Ondřej (Czech), Szentendre (Hungarian)
Szombathely Kamenec (Czech), Steinamanger (German), Szombathely (Hungarian, Slovene)

T

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Tallinn Koluvan - Template:Unicode (ancient Russian), Lindanissa (Latin variant), Rävel (old Swedish name), Reval (old German name), Revalia (Latin), Revel - Template:Unicode (old Russian name), Rewal or Tallin (Polish), Tālīn (Arabic), Talinas (Lithuanian), Taljin (Serbian), Tallin (Russian, Slovak), Tallin (variant in Norwegian, Swedish, Spanish, mainly before 1991), Tallina (Latvian), Tallinna (Finnish)
Tampere Tammerfors (Swedish), Tampere (Finnish), Tamperė (Lithuanian)
Taranto Taranto (Italian), Táras (ancient Greek), Tarent (Czech, German, Polish, Serbian), Tarente (French), Tarento (Spanish), Tarentum (Latin)
Târgu Mureş Marosvásárhely (Hungarian), Neumarkt (German), Târgu Mureş or Tîrgu Mureş (Romanian)
Tarnów Tarne - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Tarnów (Polish)
Tartu Derpet - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Dorpat (German, Polish), Tērbata (Latvian, before 1918), Tartto (Finnish), Tharbata (Latin), Yur'yev - Template:Unicode (Russian)
Tashkent Tachkent (French), Taschkent (German), Tashkent - Template:Unicode (Russian, Ukrainian), Tashqand (Arabic), Tasjkent (Dutch, Swedish), Taskéndi - Template:Unicode (Greek), Taskent (Hungarian), Taszkent/Taszkient (Polish), Taškent (Slovak, Croatian, Serbian), Taşkent (Romanian, Turkish), Taškentas (Lithuanian), Toshkent (Uzbek)
Tbilisi Tbilisi (Georgian, Italian, Romanian, Slovene), Tbilisis (Lithuanian), Tbilissi (French), Tbiliszi (Hungarian), Teflis - Template:Unicode (Persian), Tibilisi / Tyflis (Polish), Tiflis (German, Italian [obs.], Spanish, Turkish), Tiflīs (Arabic), Tyflída - Template:Unicode (Greek)
Tekirdağ Rodosto (Greek), Rodostó (Hungarian)
Terezín Terezín (Czech, Slovak), Theresienstadt (German)
Těšín Cieszyn (Polish), Teschen (German), Tešín (Slovak)
The Hague L'Aia (Italian), Gaaga (Russian), De Haach (Frisian), Den Haag / 's-Gravenhage (Dutch), Haag (Czech, Finnish, Slovak, Slovene), Den Haag / der Haag (German), Haaha (Ukrainian), Hag (Serbian), Haga (Polish, Romanian, Lithuanian), Hága (Hungarian), Haia (Portuguese), An Háig (Irish), La Haya (Spanish), La Haye (French), Kháyi (Greek), Lāhāy (Arabic), Lahey (Turkish)
Thessaloniki Saloniki (Polish, alternative Greek name), Săruna (Aromanian), Soluň (Czech), Thessalonique (French), Saloniki (German, Polish), Salonicco / Tessalonica (Italian), Salonic (Romanian), Selanik (Turkish), Solún (Slovak), Solun (Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovene), Salonica (alternative English name), Salónica (alternative Spanish name), Sołuń (hitorical Polish name), Tesalónica (Spanish), Tessalónica (Portuguese), Tessalonika (Finnish), Salonikai (Lithuanian)
Thionville Diedenhofen (German), Diedenhoven (former Dutch name), Diddenhuewen (Luxembourgish), Thionville (French)
Timişoara Temešvár (Czech, Slovak), Temeswar / Temeschburg / (Temeschwar) (German), Temesvár (Hungarian), Temišvar (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene), Timişoara (Romanian), Timiszoara (Polish), Tamışvar (Turkish)
Tipperary Tiobraid Árann (Irish)
Tirana Tiranë / Tirana (Albanian), Tirana (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Tiran (Turkish)
Tongeren Tongeren (Dutch), Tongern (German), Tongres (French), Tongue (Walloon), Aduatuca (Latin)
Tórshavn Thorshavn (Danish), Ţórshöfn (Icelandic)
Tornio Duortnus (Northern Sami), Torneĺ (Swedish), Tornio (Finnish)
Toruń Toruń (Polish), Toruň (Czech), Thorn (German), civitas Torunensis (Latin), Torń (Kashubian)
Toulon Tolone (Italian), Toulon (French) Tulon (Polish)
Toulouse Tolosa de Llenguadoc (Catalan), Tolosa (Italian, Latin, former Spanish name), Toulouse (French, Portuguese), Tuluza (Polish), Tuluz (Serbian) , Tulūza (Lithuanian)
Tournai (France) Doornik (Dutch)
Trakai ( Trakai (Lithuanian), Troki (Polish)
Trebizond Trabzon (Turkish), Trapezunt (German, Finnish, Polish, Romanian [obs.]), Trapezúnda - Template:Unicode (Greek), Trebisonda (Spanish, Italian, Portuguese), Trébizonde (French)
Trent Trento (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Trient (German), Trident (Czech), Trente (French, Dutch), Trydent (Polish)
Trier Trevír (Czech, Slovak), Trčves (French), Treviri (Italian), Tréier (Luxembourgish), Trewir (Polish), Tréveris (Spanish, Portuguese), Trive (Walloon)
Trieste Tergeste (Latin), Terst (Czech), Triëst (Dutch), Triest (German, Polish), Trieste (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Trst (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene)
Trogir Traů (Italian), Trogir (Croatian)
Trondheim Nidaros (Norwegian 997-15th century and again 1930), Trondhjem (Dano-Norwegian 15th century-1929), Trondheim (Norwegian 1931-1939 and 1945-present), Drontheim (1940-1945) (German name during WWII occupation), Ţrándheimur (Icelandic), Trondheimas (Lithuanian)
Tromsř Tromssa (Finnish, Sami)
Tübingen Tubinga (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Tubingue (French), Tubinky / Tybinky (Czech), Tybinga (Polish)
Turin Torí (Catalan), Torino (Italian, Croatian, Hungarian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Finnish, Turkish), Turijn (Dutch), Turim (Portuguese), Turín (Czech, Slovak, Spanish), Turyn (Polish), Turinas (Lithuanian)
Turku Åbo (Swedish), Aboa / Aboia / Turcua (Latin), Turu (Estonian), Turku (Finnish)
Tver Kalinin (former name), Tver (Italian, Slovene), Twer (Polish, German), Tverė (Lithuanian)
Tyszowce Tishevits - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Tyszowce (Polish)

U

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Überlingen Überlingen (German), Jibrovice (Czech)
Udine Udin (Friulian), Udine (Italian), Videm (Czech, Slovene), Udinė (Lithuanian)
Ulcinj Dulcigno (Italian), Ulcinj (Croatian, Serbian)
Ulm Ulm (German), Ulma (Italian), Ulmas (Lithuanian)
Ulyanovsk Simbirsk (former name), Uljanovsk (Serbian, Slovene), Uljanowsk (German), Uljanovskas (Lithuanian)
Umag Umago (Italian), Umag (Croatian)
Umeĺ Uumaja (Finnish)
Utrecht Traiectum (Latin), Utert (Frisian), Utrecht (Dutch), Utreĥto (Esperanto), Utrechtas (Lithuanian), Utrek (Walloon)
Uzhhorod Ungvár (Hungarian), Ungvir, Ingver, Yngvyr - אונגװיר (Yiddish), Ungwar (German), Uschhorod (German), Užgorod - Ужгород (Russian), Užhorod - Ужгородъ (Ruthenian), Užhorod (Slovak), Užhorod - Ужгород (Ukrainian), Użgorod (Polish)

V

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Vaasa Vasa (Swedish), Waza (Polish), Nikolainkaupunki (alternative old Finnish name), Nikolaistad (alternative old Swedish name)
Valencia Valčncia (Catalan), Valence (French), Valencia (Slovene, Spanish), Valęncia (Portuguese), Valencio or Valencujo (Esperanto), Walencja (Polish), Valensija (Lithuanian)
Valkenburg Valkenburg (Dutch), Fauquemont (old French)
Valletta il-Belt (colloquial Maltese), il-Belt Valletta (Maltese), Fālītā (Arabic), Valéta (Greek), La Valeta (Portuguese, Spanish), La Valette (French), La Valletta (Italian, Polish, Slovak), Valeta (Lithuanian)
Venice Benátky (Czech, Slovak), Benetke (Slovene), al-Bunduqīya (Arabic), Feneyjar (Icelandic), An Veinéis (Irish), Velence (Hungarian), Venčcia (Catalan), Venecia (Spanish), Venecija (Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian, Russian, Ukrainian, Lithuanian), Veneco (Esperanto), Venedig (Danish, German, Swedish), Venedik (Turkish), Venetía (Greek), Veneţia (Romanian), Venetië (Dutch), Venetsia (Finnish), Veneza (Portuguese), Venezia (Italian), Venise (French), Venetsye - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Wenecja (Polish)
Vienna Beč (Croatian, Serbian), Bécs (Hungarian), Dunaj (Slovene), Fienna (Welsh), Vena (Russian, Ukrainian), Vīne (Latvian), Vídeň (Czech), Viedeň (Slovak), Viena (Catalan, Lithuanian, Portuguese, Spanish, Romanian), Vienna (Italian), Vienne (French), Viénni (Greek), Vieno (Esperanto), Vin - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Vín (Irish), Vindobona (Latin), Viyana (Turkish), Wenen (Dutch), Wiedeń (Polish), Wien (Finnish, German, Swedish)
Villach Bělák (Czech), Beljak (Slovene), Bilachium (Latin), Villach (German), Villaco (Italian)
Vilnius Filniyūs (Arabic), Vilna (Italian, Spanish, Slovene, Finnish, Norwegian, Russian), Vilne - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Viļņa (Latvian), Вільня/Vilnia (Belarusian), Vil'njus (Russian, Ukrainian), Vilnjus (Serbian), Vilno (Czech, Russian), Wilna (German), Wilno (Polish), Vėlnios (Samogitian)
Visé Visé (French), Wezet (Dutch)
Vitoria Gasteiz (Basque), Vitoria (Spanish), Vitória (Portuguese), Vitorija (Lithuanian)
Vitsyebsk Vitebsk - Template:Unicode (Russian) - Vitebsk - Template:Unicode Yiddish), Віцебск/Viciebsk/Vitsyebsk (Belarusian), Vitebskas (Lithuanian), Witebsk (Polish)
Vladikavkaz Ordzhonikidze (former name 1932-1944 and 1954-1990), Dzaudzhikau (former name 1944-1954), Vladikaukazas (Lithuanian), Władykaukaz (Polish)
Vlorë Vlorë / Vlora (Albanian), Valona (Italian, Serbian), Aulona (ancient name), Avlonya (Turkish)
Volodymyr-Volynsky Volodymyr-Volyns'kyi, Volodymyr-Volynskyi or Volodymyr-Volynsky/Володимир-Волинський (Ukrainian), Włodziemierz Wolyński (Polish)
Volgograd Stalingrad (former name), Tsaritsyn (former name), Wołgograd (Polish), Carycyn (former Polish name), Volgograd (Slovene), Volgogrado (Portuguese, Spanish), Wolgograd (German), Estalinegrado (former Portuguese name), Estalingrado (former Spanish name), Stalingrado (former Italian name), Volgogradas (Lithuanian)
Vyborg Viiburi (Estonian), Viipuri (Finnish), Viborg (Swedish), Wiburg (German)

W

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Wangen Vanky (Czech), Wangen (German)
Waremme Waremme (French), Borgworm (Dutch), Warčme / Wareme (Walloon)
Warsaw Vársá (Irish), Varšava (Belarusian, Czech, Croatian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Ukrainian), Varsavia (Italian), Varshe - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Varsjá (Icelandic), Varsó (Hungarian), Varsova (Finnish), Varşova (Turkish), Varsovia (Latin, Spanish), Varsovía (Greek), Varsóvia (Portuguese), Varşovia (Romanian), Varsovie (French), Varsovio (Esperanto), Varssavi (Estonian), Varšuva (Lithuanian), Warschau (Dutch, German), Wārsū (Arabic), Warszawa (Polish)
Waterford Port Láirge (Irish)
Waver Wavre (French), Waver (Dutch), Auve / Wĺve (Walloon)
Weimar Výmar (Czech), Weimar (German), Veimaras (Lithuanian)
Wejherowo Neustadt in Westpreußen (German), Wejherowo (Polish)
Wexford Loch Garman (Irish)
Wicklow Cill Mhantáin (Irish)
Winchester Caerwynt (Welsh)
Wolgast Wolgast (German), Wołogoszcz (Polish)
Worcester Caerwrangon (Welsh)
Worms Vermayze װערמײַזע (Yiddish), Wormacja (Polish), Wormazia (Italian [obs.]), Worms (German)
Wroclaw Wrocław (Polish), Vratislav (Czech), Vratislavia / Wratislavia / Wracislavia (Latin), Breslau (Dutch, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish), Wroclaw (Finnish, Slovene), Vratislav / Vroclav (Slovak, Serbian), Breslavia (Italian), Vroclavas (Lithuanian), Boroszló (Hungarian)
Würzburg Wörzborg (Low Saxon), Würzburg (German), Wurzbourg (French), Wurzburgo (Spanish)

Y

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Yekaterinburg Jekaterinburg (Serbian, Finnish, German, Slovene, Swedish), Jekaterynburg (Polish), Ekaterinbourg (French), Ekaterinburg (Romanian), Ekaterimburgo (Spanish), Sverdlovsk (former name), Jekaterinburgas (Lithuanian)
Yerevan Yirīfān (Arabic), Erevan (French, English [rare], Romanian, Slovene), Jerewan / Eriwan (German), Jereván (Hungarian), Erywań or Erewań / Erewan (Polish), Jerevan (Czech, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian, Slovak, Serbian), Ereván (Spanish), Erivan (Turkish), Jerevanas (Lithuanian)
York Caerefrog / Efrog (Welsh), Eabhrac (Irish), Eboracum (Latin), Efrawg (Breton, Cornish), Iorc (Scots Gaelic), Jorvik (ancient Scandinavian), Jórvík (Icelandic), Jork (Polish), Jorko (Esperanto), Jorkas (Lithuanian)
Ypres Ieper (Dutch), Ypres (French), Ypern (German), Ipro (Esperanto)

Z

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Zabrze Hindenburg (German 1915-1945), Zabrze (Polish)
Zadar Zara (Italian), Zára (Hungarian), Zadar (Croatian), Zadaras (Lithuanian)
Zagreb Zaġrib (Arabic), Záhřeb (Czech), Záhreb (Slovak), Agram (German [obs.]), Zágráb (Hungarian), Zagabria (Italian), Zagrzeb (Polish), Zagreb (Slovene), Zagrep (Turkish), Zahreb (Ukrainian), Zâgreb (Serbian), Zagrebo (Esperanto), Zagrebas (Lithuanian)
Zeebrugge Seebrügge (German), Zeebruges (French)
Zhytomyr Zhitomir - Template:Unicode (Russian), Zhitomir - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Zhytomyr Template:Unicode (Ukrainian), Żytomierz (Polish), Jitomir (Romanian)
Zielona Góra Grünberg (German), Mons Viridis (Latin), Zielona Góra (Polish)
Zittau Žitava (Czech), Zittau (German), Żytawa (Polish)
Zlín Gottwaldov (former name)
Znamensk Vėluva (Lithuanian), Wehlau (German), Welawa (Polish), Znamensk (Russian)
Znojmo Znaim (German), Znojmo (Polish)
Zolochiv Złoczew or Złoczów (Polish), Zlotshev - Template:Unicode (Yiddish), Zolochev (Russian), Золочів/Zolochiv (Ukrainian)
Zug Zoug (French), Zug (German, Romansh), Zugo (Italian)
Zurich Zūrīk (Arabic), Cirih (Serbian), Ciūrichas (Lithuanian), Cjurikh (Russian, Ukrainian), Curiĥo (Esperanto), Curych (Czech), Turitg (Romansh), Zurich (French), Zürich (German, Finnish, Slovene, Swedish), Zúrich (Spanish), Zurigo (Italian), Zürih (Turkish), Zurique (Portuguese), Zurych (Polish), Zyríkhi (Greek)
Zwickau Cvikov (Czech), Zwickau (German)

See also:

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