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Life (magazine)

From Academic Kids

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Life_1911_09_21_a.jpg
A cover of Life Magazine from 1911

Life has been the name of two notable magazines published in the United States.

Contents

LIFE, the photojournalism magazine

The best known is LIFE, the photojournalism magazine founded by Henry Luce in 1936 and owned by Time Warner. Its first issue was dated November 23.

LIFE was published weekly until dwindling circulations for magazines as a whole, coupled with rising advertising rates, caused the magazine to print its final weekly issue in December 1972 (its annual "Year in Review" edition). From there, LIFE was published fortnightly from 1974 to 1978, and was restarted as a monthly magazine in October, 1978. A weekly Life in Time of War was published for a month or two during the first Gulf War. Monthly publication ceased in 2000.

LIFE's original mission was "to see life; see the world." The magazine has published some of the most iconic images of events in the United States and the world.

LIFE 2004

Starting in October 2004, LIFE resumed weekly publication, this time as a supplement to U.S. newspapers. At its launch, it was distributed with over seventy newspapers; these had a combined circulation of over 12 million:

Alaska

Arizona

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Florida

Georgia

Illinois

Indiana

Kansas

Kentucky

Massachusetts

Maryland

Michigan

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Stamp-ctc-life-magazine.jpg
LIFE magazine was honored on a stamp. This image, taken by Margaret Bourke-White, is from the cover of the first issue, November 23, 1936, of the Fort Peck Dam under construction in Montana

Minnesota

Missouri

Mississippi

North Carolina

North Dakota

New Jersey

New York

Ohio

Pennsylvania

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Virginia

Washington

Wisconsin


LIFE's ten most important events of the second millennium

The magazine ranked its top ten events of the millennium:

  1. Bookprint (Johann Gutenberg, 1455)
  2. Discovery of New World (Christopher Columbus, 1492)
  3. A new major religion (Martin Luther, 1527)
  4. Steam engine starts industrial revolution (James Watt, 1769)
  5. Earth revolves around sun (Galileo Galilei, 1610)
  6. Germ theory of disease (Louis Pasteur, 1864; Robert Koch,1876)
  7. Gunpowder weapons (China, 1100)
  8. Declaration of independence (US, 1776)
  9. Adolf Hitler comes to power (1933)
  10. Compass goes to sea (China, 1117)

This list has been criticised for being overly focused on Western achievements. For example, the Chinese also invented a variant of book print long before Gutenberg, and until the mid 18th century the bulk of the world's printed material was Chinese.

LIFE's 100 most important people of the second millennium

The magazine also published a list of the "100 Most Important People in the Last 1000 Years":

  1. Thomas Edison
  2. Christopher Columbus
  3. Martin Luther
  4. Galileo Galilei
  5. Leonardo Da Vinci
  6. Isaac Newton
  7. Ferdinand Magellan
  8. Louis Pasteur
  9. Charles Darwin
  10. Thomas Jefferson
  11. William Shakespeare
  12. Napoleon Bonaparte
  13. Adolf Hitler
  14. Zheng He
  15. Henry Ford
  16. Sigmund Freud
  17. Richard Arkwright
  18. Karl Marx
  19. Nicolaus Copernicus
  20. Orville and Wilbur Wright
  21. Albert Einstein
  22. Mohandas Gandhi
  23. Kublai Khan
  24. James Madison
  25. Simón Bolívar
  26. Mary Wollstonecraft
  27. Guglielmo Marconi
  28. Mao Zedong
  29. Vladimir Lenin
  30. Martin Luther King Jr.
  31. Alexander Graham Bell
  32. René Descartes
  33. Ludwig Van Beethoven
  34. Thomas Aquinas
  35. Abraham Lincoln
  36. Michelangelo
  37. Vasco Da Gama
  38. Suleyman the Magnificent
  39. Samuel F. B. Morse
  40. John Calvin
  41. Florence Nightingale
  42. Hernán Cortés
  43. Joseph Lister
  44. Ibn Battuta
  45. Zhu Xi
  46. Gregor Mendel
  47. John Locke
  48. Akbar
  49. Marco Polo
  50. Dante Alighieri

  1. John D. Rockefeller
  2. Jean Jacques Rousseau
  3. Niels Bohr
  4. Joan of Arc
  5. Frederick Douglass
  6. Louis XIV of France
  7. Nikola Tesla
  8. Immanuel Kant
  9. Fan Kuan
  10. Otto von Bismarck
  11. William the Conqueror
  12. Guido of Arezzo
  13. John Harrison
  14. Pope Innocent III
  15. Hiram Maxim
  16. Jane Addams
  17. Cao Xueqin
  18. Matteo Ricci
  19. Louis Armstrong
  20. Michael Faraday
  21. Ibn Sina
  22. Simone de Beauvoir
  23. Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi
  24. Adam Smith
  25. Marie Curie
  26. Andrea Palladio
  27. Peter the Great
  28. Pablo Picasso
  29. Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre
  30. Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
  31. Phineas Taylor Barnum
  32. Edwin Hubble
  33. Susan B. Anthony
  34. Raphael
  35. Helen Keller
  36. Hokusai
  37. Theodor Herzl
  38. Elizabeth I of England
  39. Claudio Monteverdi
  40. Walt Disney
  41. Nelson Mandela
  42. Roger Bannister
  43. Leo Tolstoy
  44. John Von Neumann
  45. Santiago Ramon y Cajal
  46. Jacques Cousteau
  47. Catherine de Medici
  48. Ibn Khaldun
  49. Kwame Nkrumah
  50. Carolus Linnaeus
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LifeFlapper1922.jpg
1922 cover, "The Flapper" by F. X. Leyendecker


This list, too, was sometimes criticized. Edison's number one ranking was challenged since there were others whose inventions (combustion engine, car, electricity-making machines, for example) which had greater impact than Edison's. The top 100 list was further criticised for mixing world-famous people, such as Newton and Einstein and Luther and da Vinci, with numerous Americans largely unknown outside of the United States.

Well-known employees

Life 1880s-1920s

The first "Life Magazine" was a weekly publication put out by the Life Publishing Company of Manhattan, New York City. It was known for its cartoons, pin up girl art, humorous pieces, and reviews of theater and cinema.

In 1908 Robert Ripley publishes his first cartoon in Life, Ripley in turn becomes first publisher of Charles Schulz, of Peanuts fame.

In 1918 Charles Dana Gibson became the magazine's president.


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