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Legnica

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Legnica
Flag Coat of Arms
Flag of Legnica
Missing image
Legnica.gif
Coat of Arms of Legnica

Legnica
Country: Poland
Voivodship: Lower Silesian
Population: 106,122 (2005)
Area: 56,29 km²
Density: 1899/km²
Lattitude and Longtitude : Template:Coor dm
Founded: 7th century
City rights: 1264
Area code: +48 76
Car plates: DL
Municipal Website (http://www.legnica.um.gov.pl/)


Legnica (pronounce: [lεg'niʦa], formerly Lignica, German Liegnitz) is a town in south-western Poland. As of the 2005 census estimate, the town has a total population of 106,122. Situated in the Lower Silesian Voivodship (since 1999) on the Kaczawa river. Previously capital of Legnica Voivodship (1975-1998).

Contents

History

Founded in the 7th century, Legnica derives its name from the Polish verb: leżeć: (to lay down). First mentioned in chronicles in 1004, Legnica is famous for the Battle of Legnica that took place at Legnickie Pole near the city on April 9, 1241 between the Mongols of the Golden Horde and the combined army of Duke Henry II the Pious. Henry's army, supported by the feudal nobility, included Poles, Germans, the Teutonic Knights, the Hospitallers, and the Knights Templar. Although the Mongols killed Henry and annihilated his forces, they stopped their advance into Europe and turned back to attend to the election of a new Grand Khan following the death in the same year of the khan Ögedei.

Legnica became the residence of the dukes of Lower Silesia in 1163 and was the seat of a principality ruled by a branch of the Piast dynasty from 1248 to 1675. Legnica, along with Silesia, became part of the Kingdom of Bohemia during the Middle Ages and part of the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria after the death of the Bohemian king Louis II in 1526. In 1676 Legnica passed to direct Habsburg rule after the death of the last Piast duke, Georg Wilhelm. The Protestant Reformation was introduced in the duchy as early as 1522. Until 1742 the town was known as Lignica, but the name was changed to Liegnitz with the incorporation of Silesia into the Kingdom of Prussia following Prussia's defeat of Austria; at that time the town was germanized. In 1813, the Prussians, under Field Marshall Blücher, defeated the French in the Battle of Katzbach during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Legnica.Ratusz05.jpg
Legnica City Hall

The town became a part of Poland again in 1945 and in 1948 changed its spelling to Legnica, as Lignica sounded archaic. The biggest contingent of the USSR's Red Army in Poland was stationed in Legnica between 1945 and 1990. At that time, the town was divided into Polish and Soviet areas, with the latter closed to the public. In the 1950s and 1960s local copper and nickel industry became a major factor in the economic development of the area.

Economy

Education

  • other
    • Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania / The Polish Open University [4] (http://www.wsz-pou.edu.pl/)
    • Wyższa Szkoła Menedżerska [5] (http://www.wsm.edu.pl/)
    • Wyższe Seminarium Duchowne [6] (http://www.wsd.legnica.opoka.org.pl/)

Twin towns

As of 2005, Legnica is twinned with four other European towns.

Sports

Politics

Municipal politics

Legnica tends to be a left-of-center town with a considerable influence of workers' unions. The Municipal Council of Legnica (Rada miejska miasta Legnica) is the legislative branch of the local government and is composed of 25 members elected in local elections every five years. The mayor or town president (Prezydent miasta) is the executive branch of the local government and is directly elected in the same municipal elections.

Legnica-Jelenia Gora constituency

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Legnica-Jelenia Gora constituency:

  • Ryszard Bonda, Samoobrona
  • Bronisława Kowalska, SLD-UP
  • Adam Lipiński, PiS
  • Tadeusz Maćkała, PO
  • Ryszard Maraszek, SLD-UP
  • Olgierd Poniźnik, SLD-UP
  • Władysław Rak, SLD-UP
  • Tadeusz Samborski, PSL
  • Jerzy Szmajdziński, SLD-UP
  • Halina Szustak, LPR
  • Michał Turkiewicz, SLD-UP
  • Ryszard Zbrzyzny, SLD-UP .
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Legnica_dworzec_1915.jpg
Train station in Legnica, 1915

External link:

fr:Legnica lv:Legņica nds:Legnica pl:Legnica ro:Legnica sv:Legnica

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