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Land speed record

From Academic Kids

Missing image
Bonneville_Salt_Flats_Speed_racer.jpg
1970 land speed record being set at Bonneville Salt Flats by Gary Gabelich

Land Speed Records 1898-2002

The information below is for self-propelled wheeled vehicles travelling over open ground. As such, it does not include records set by vehicles travelling on rails or motorized sleds over frozen lakes.

Additionally, the records below do not distinguish between different recognized classes of the land speed record, such as top speed for a motorcycle (333.117 mph), top speed for a steam-driven vehicle (145.607 mph), or other top speeds that are not absolutes.

These are average speeds over the given distance. Two figures are given, one for the speed measured over a kilometre long course, and one for a mile long course. The country field refers to the driver's nationality. Early records were not set according to clearly defined rules and thus some of them are controversial.

Disputed records are on a yellow background.

THIS TABLE IS A WORK IN PROGRESS most of the information is accurate but don't consider it as an absolute reference.

Date Location Driver Driver Country Vehicle Power Speed over 1 km Speed over 1 mile Comments
December 18, 1898 Achères, France Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat France Jeantaud Duc Electric 39.24 mph (63.15 km/h)    
January 17, 1899 Achères, France Camille Jenatzy Belgium CGA Dogcart Electric 41.42 mph (66.66 km/h)    
January 17, 1899 Achères, France Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat France Jeantaud Duc Electric 43.69 mph (70.31 km/h)    
January 27, 1899 Achères, France Camille Jenatzy Belgium CGA Dogcart Electric 49.93 mph (80.35 km/h)    
March 4, 1899 Achères, France Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat France Jeantaud Duc Profilée Electric 57.65 mph (92.78 km/h)    
April 29, 1899 Achères, France Camille Jenatzy Belgium CITA No 25 La Jamais Contente Electric 65.79 mph (105.88 km/h)   First record over 100km/h
April 13, 1902 Nice, France
Promenade des Anglais
Leon Serpollet France Gardner-Serpollet Oeuf de Pques (Easter Egg) Steam 75.06 mph (120.80 km/h)    
November 5, 1902 Ablis, France William K. Vanderbilt USA Mors Z Paris-Vienne IC 76.08mph (122.44 km/h)    
November 5, 1902 Dourdan, France Henri Fournier France Mors Z Paris-Vienne IC 76.60 mph (123.28 km/h)    
November 17, 1902 Dourdan, France M. Augières France Mors Z Paris-Vienne IC 77.13 mph (124.13 km/h)    
July 17, 1903 Ostend, Belgium Arthur Duray Belgium Gobron Brillié Paris-Madrid IC 83.46 mph (134.32 km/h)    
November 5, 1903 Dourdan, France Arthur Duray Belgium Gobron Brillié Paris-Madrid IC 84.73 mph (136.36 km/h)    
January 12, 1904 Lake St. Clair, USA Henry Ford USA Ford Arrow IC   91.37 mph (147.05 km/h) On frozen lake
March 31, 1904 Nice, France Arthur Duray Belgium Gobron Brillié Paris-Madrid IC 88.76 mph (142.85 km/h)    
March 31, 1904 Nice, France Louis Rigolly France Gobron Brillié Paris-Madrid IC 94.78 mph (152.53 km/h)    
May 25, 1904 Ostend, Belgium Pierre de Caters Belgium Mercedes Simplex 90 IC 97.25 mph (156.50 km/h)    
July 21, 1904 Ostend, Belgium Louis Rigolly France Gobron Brillié Gordon Bennett Cup IC 103.56 mph (166.66 km/h)    
November 13, 1904 Ostend, Belgium Paul Baras France Darracq Gordon Bennett IC 104.53 mph (168.22 km/h)    
January 24, 1905 Daytona Beach, USA Arthur MacDonald France Napier 6 IC 104.65 mph (168.42 km/h)    
December 30, 1905 Arles, France Victor Hmery France Darracq V8 Special IC 109.65 mph (175.44 km/h)    
January 26, 1906 Daytona Beach, USA Fred H. Marchriott USA Stanley Steamer Steam 121.57 mph (195.65 km/h)    
January 24, 1907 Ormond Beach, Florida Glenn Curtiss USA Curtiss V8 40 hp (30kW) motorcycle IC   136.27 mph (219.31 km/h)  
November 6, 1909 Brooklands, United Kingdom Victor Héméry France 200 hp (150 kW) Benz No 1 IC 125.94 mph (202.68 km/h) 115.93 mph (186.57 km/h)  
June 24, 1914 Brooklands, United Kingdom L. G. Hornstead United Kingdom 200 hp (150 kW) Benz No 3 IC   124.09 mph (199.70 km/h) First 2-way record
February 12, 1919 Daytona Beach, USA Ralph DePalma USA Packard 905 IC 149.875 mph (241.200 km/h)   Recognized in the USA, not recognized by the AIACR
May 17, 1922 Brooklands, United Kingdom Kenelm Lee Guinness United Kingdom 350 hp (260 kW) Sunbeam IC 133.70 mph (215.17 km/h) 129.17 mph (207.88 km/h) Last record set on a closed course
July 6, 1924 Arpajon, France René Thomas France Delage La Torpille IC 143.21 mph (230.47 km/h) 143.31 mph (230.64 km/h)  
July 12, 1924 Arpajon, France Ernest A. D. Eldridge United Kingdom FIAT Special Mephistopeles II IC 146.01 mph (234.98 km/h) 145.89 mph (234.79 km/h) Last record set on a public road
September 25, 1924 Pendine Sands, Wales Malcolm Campbell United Kingdom 350 hp (260 kW) Sunbeam Blue Bird IC 146.15 mph (235.21 km/h) 146.16 mph (235.22 km/h)  
July 21, 1925 Pendine Sands, Wales Malcolm Campbell United Kingdom 350 hp (260 kW) Sunbeam Blue Bird IC 150.86 mph (242.79 km/h) 150.76 mph (242.62 km/h)  
March 21, 1926 Southport, United Kingdom Henry Segrave United Kingdom 4 Litre Sunbeam Ladybird IC 152.30 mph (245.10 km/h) 149.32 mph (240.31 km/h)  
April 27, 1926 Pendine Sands, Wales J.G. Parry-Thomas United Kingdom Higham-Thomas Special Babs IC 169.29 mph (272.45 km/h) 168.07 mph (270.48 km/h)  
April 28, 1926 Pendine Sands, Wales J. G. Parry-Thomas United Kingdom Higham-Thomas Special Babs IC 171.01 mph (273.60 km/h) 170.62 mph (274.59 km/h)  
February 4, 1927 Pendine Sands, Wales Malcolm Campbell United Kingdom Campbell Napier Blue Bird IC 174.88 mph (281.44 km/h) 174.22 mph (280.38 km/h) Last record set in Europe
March 29, 1927 Daytona Beach, USA Henry Segrave United Kingdom 100 hp (75 kW) Sunbeam 'Slug' IC 202.98 mph (326.66 km/h) 203.79 mph (327.97 km/h)  
February 19, 1928 Daytona Beach, USA Malcolm Campbell United Kingdom Campbell Napier Blue Bird IC   206.95 mph (333.05 km/h)  
April 22, 1928 Daytona Beach, USA Ray Keech USA White Triplex Spirit of Elkdom IC   207.55 mph (334.02 km/h)  
March 11, 1929 Daytona Beach, USA Henry Segrave United Kingdom Irving-Napier Golden Arrow IC 231.56 mph (372.66 km/h) 231.36 mph (372.34 km/h)  
February 5, 1931 Daytona Beach, USA Malcolm Campbell United Kingdom Campbell Napier Railton Blue Bird IC 246.08 mph (396.03 km/h) 245.73 mph (395.46 km/h)  
February 24, 1932 Daytona Beach, USA Malcolm Campbell United Kingdom Campbell Napier Railton Blue Bird IC 251.34 mph (404.49 km/h) 253.96 mph (408.71 km/h)  
February 22, 1933 Daytona Beach, USA Malcolm Campbell United Kingdom Campbell Rolls-Royce Railton Blue Bird IC 272.46 mph (438.48 km/h) 272.10 mph (437.90 km/h)  
March 7, 1935 Daytona Beach, USA Malcolm Campbell United Kingdom Campbell Rolls-Royce Railton Blue Bird IC 276.16 mph (444.44 km/h) 276.71 mph (445.32 km/h) Last record set on a beach
September 3, 1935 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Malcolm Campbell United Kingdom Campbell Rolls-Royce Railton Blue Bird IC   301.129 mph (484.620 km/h)  
November 19, 1937 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA George E. T. Eyston United Kingdom Thunderbolt IC 312.00 mph (502.11 km/h) 311.41 mph (501.17 km/h)  
August 27, 1938 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA George E. T. Eyston United Kingdom Thunderbolt IC 345.20 mph (555.55 km/h) 345.48 mph (556.00 km/h)  
September 15, 1938 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA John Cobb United Kingdom Railton IC 350.06 mph (563.37 km/h) 350.19 mph (563.58 km/h)  
September 16, 1938 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA George E. T. Eyston United Kingdom Thunderbolt IC 357.33 mph (575.07 km/h) 357.49 mph (575.32 km/h)  
August 23, 1939 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA John Cobb United Kingdom Railton IC 369.74 mph (595.04 km/h) 367.91 mph (592.09 km/h)
September 16, 1947 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA John Cobb United Kingdom Railton 'Mobil' Special IC 393.82 mph (633.79 km/h) 394.19 mph (634.39 km/h) First one-way over 400mph
September 5, 1963 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Craig Breedlove USA Spirit of America Turbojet 408.312 mph (657.114 km/h) 407.447 mph (655.722 km/h) Ratified by FIM as vehicle has 3 wheels
October 5, 1964 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Tom Green USA Wingfoot Express Turbojet 415.093 mph (668.027 km/h) 413.199 mph (664.979 km/h)  
October 7, 1964 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Art Arfons USA The Green Monster Turbojet 434.356 mph (665.231 km/h) 434.022 mph (664.694 km/h)  
October 13, 1964 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Craig Breedlove USA Spirit of America - Sonic 1 Turbojet   468.719 mph (754.330 km/h)  
October 15, 1964 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Craig Breedlove USA Spirit of America - Sonic 1 Turbojet   526.277 mph (846.861 km/h)  
October 27, 1964 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Art Arfons USA The Green Monster Turbojet 544.134 mph (875.699 km/h) 536.710 mph (863.791 km/h)  
November 2, 1965 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Craig Breedlove USA Spirit of America - Sonic 1 Turbojet 555.485 mph (893.966 km/h) 555.485 mph (893.966 km/h)  
November 7, 1965 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Art Arfons USA The Green Monster Turbojet 572.546 mph (921.423 km/h) 576.553 mph (927.872 km/h)  
November 15, 1965 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Craig Breedlove USA Spirit of America - Sonic 1 Turbojet 600.842 mph (966.961 km/h) 600.601 mph (966.574 km/h)  
October 23, 1970 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Gary Gabelich USA Blue Flame Rocket 630.389 mph (1014.52 km/h) 622.407 mph (1001.67 km/h) First record over 1000km/h
December 17, 1979 Edwards AFB, USA Stan Barrett USA Budweiser Rocket Rocket     746 mph supersonic top speed claimed, rarely accepted due to dubious evidence. Did not follow official measurement rules.
October 4, 1983 Black Rock Desert, USA Richard Noble United Kingdom Thrust2 Turbojet   633.468 mph (1019.47 km/h)  
September 25, 1997 Black Rock Desert, USA Andy Green United Kingdom ThrustSSC Turbofan 713.496 mph (1148.26 km/h) 714.144 mph (1149.30 km/h)  
October 15, 1997 Black Rock Desert, USA Andy Green United Kingdom ThrustSSC Turbofan 760.343 mph (1223.65 km/h) 763.035 mph (1227.99 km/h) First supersonic record (Mach 1.016)

External links

ja:自動車の速度記録

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