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Lahore

From Academic Kids

Lahore (لاةور) is a major city in Pakistan and is the capital of the province of Punjab. A native of Lahore is called a Lahori.

It is located near the river Ravi and the Indian border. Lahore has 6.5 million inhabitants and thus is the second largest city in Pakistan, (Karachi being the largest). It is considered to be the 23rd largest city of the world. Punjabi is the language of the province, and is the most widely spoken language in Lahore. Punjabi spoken by the people of lahore is known as lahori punjabi due to a mixture of punjabi and causual/slang urdu spoken in Lahore.

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Entrance to the Badshahi Mosque, Lahore
Contents

History

According to a legend, Lahore was named by Loh (called Luv in Sanskrit), the once ruler, son of Rama, the hero of the Hindu epic Ramayana.

The city came under Muslim rule due to the raids of Mahmud of Ghazna. When Qutb-ud-din Aybak was crowned in 1206 here, he became the first Muslim Sultan of the Indian subcontinent. From 1524 to 1752 Lahore was part of the Mughal Empire.

During Akbar's rule, Lahore was the capital of the empire from 1584 to 1598. During this time a massive fort, the Lahore Fort, was built on the fundaments of an older fort in the 1560s. This fort was later extended by Jahangir and Shah Jahan.

The last of the Mughals, Aurangzeb, ruling from 1658 to 1707, built the city's most famous monuments, the Badshahi Masjid and the Alamgiri Gate to the Lahore Fort. The Sikhs ruled it in the 18th and 19th centuries, making Lahore the capital of sovereign Punjab. However the last bloody anglo-sikh war resulted in very narrow British victory thus bringing Lahore under the rule of the British crown. On partition of British India in 1947 into India and Pakistan, Lahore passed into the newly formed Pakistan.

Sites of interest

Roshnai Gate area

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Tomb of Emperor Jehangir

The Badshahi Masjid, one of the world's largest mosques, is located just outside the Northeast corner of the Walled City. Opposite is the historic Lahore Fort which houses the famous Sheesh Mahal. Between the two buildings is a garden known as Hazuri Bagh in which Maharaja Ranjit Singh built a baradari, a decorated marble pavilion. Every Sunday afternoon story-tellers, poets and singers gather in the garden to continue their oral tradition, often reciting Waris Shah's Heer, Bulleh Shah, Farid Ganjshakar or other Punjabi literature.

The Mausoleum of Muhammad Iqbal is also located in this garden, near the Eastern wall of the Badshahi Masjid. On the Northern side of the garden is the Samadhi of Ranjit Singh.

The Southern side of Hazuri Bagh is bounded by the wall of the Walled City, with the Roshnai Gate serving as an entrance. Roshnai Gate leads into the Shahi Mohalla quarter of the Walled City, also known as Hira Mandi. Although Shahi Mohalla is notorious for being the red-light district of Lahore, it also offers a large variety of traditional food, including the famous Phajje ke Paye.

The Minar-e-Pakistan (thought of by many as being architecturally corrupt in comparison to its surroundings) is located in Iqbal Park across the road from the Badshahi Masjid complex.

Masti Gate area

Just behind the Lahore Fort is the Masti Gate entrance. This area is dominated by wholesale shoesellers, or both traditional and Western style shoes. Further down the street is located one of the cities oldest mosques, the Mosque of Mariyam Zamani, named after the mother of Jahangir.

Bhati Gate area

The Bhati Gate entrance is located on the Western wall of the Old City. The area inside the gate serves is well known throughout the city for its food. Just outside of Bhati Gate is Data Durbar, the mausoleum of the Sufi saint Ali Hajweri (also known as Data Sahib Ganjbaksh). Every Thursday evening musicians gather here to perform Qawwali music.

Delhi Gate area

Delhi Gate is an entrance on the Eastern wall of the Walled City, named because it faces the road towards Delhi (now part of India).

Inside the gate on the left hand side is located the Shahi Hammam, or "Royal Baths". Further down the bazaar, one will find the beautiful Wazir Khan Mosque, named after a viceroy of the Punjab during the reign of Shah Jahan. Further inwards, the road leads towards the Sonehri Masjid.

Railway Station area


Lahore Railway Station
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Lahore Railway Station


Lahore Railway Station, Dai Anga Mosque, Landa Bazaar

Anarkali

Tomb of Anarkali

Gawal Mandi

Food Street

Ichhra

Tomb of Shah Jamal, Pappu Sain

Mall Road


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The Lahore GPO - built during British Colonial times


Pak Tea House, Lawrence Gardens

Shalimar Gardens

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The Shalimar Gardens, Lahore

Tomb of Lal Hussain, Mela Chiraghan, Shalimar Gardens

Shahdara

Tomb of Jahangir, Tomb of Noor Jehan

Shimla Pahari

The mausoleum of Bibi Pak Daman

Major Universities


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University of the Punjab Old Campus, Mall Road Lahore
Punjab University, College of Art & Design, Lahore
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Punjab University, College of Art & Design, Lahore

Economy and business

Infrastructure and development

The recent road building programme has improved accessibility. A motorway was completed in 2000, linking Lahore to Islamabad, the capital. The Airport has been renovated and renamed as Allama Iqbal International Airport.

Shopping

Lahore's most famous tech-bazaar is the Hafeez Center, located on the Gulberg Main Boulevard and Electronics Market at Hall Road.

Restaurants

While Lahore has a great many traditional and modern restaurants, the turn of the century has seen the appearance of western fast food chains such as McDonald's and Kentucky Fried Chicken in new shopping centres all over the city. A major tourist attraction in Lahore is the famous Food Street in the old historic district of Gawaalmandi. Gawalmaandi had almost legendary status as the place to go for authentic Lahori cuisine. Food street has been a massive restoration project in which Gawaalmandi was cordoned off and a street cafe was established under the lights of the restored havelis.can we do this..wiki wht are u doing yar!

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Western capitalism is boundless

Financial Institutions

Banks

Bank Alfalah..., UBL(United Bank Limited), ABL(Allied band limited), Habib Bank Ltd, Habib Bank AG, Zurich, Bank of Punjab, Soneri Bank, Citibank, Cresecent Bank, Standard Chartered, Grindley's, National Bank of Pakistan, State Bank of Pakistan

Insurance

Adamjee Insurance, State Life

Leasing

Saudi Pak Leasing Company

Stock Exchange

The Lahore Stock Exchange is located on Mall Road near the Holiday Inn and Awan-e-Iqbal. The system is totally computerised and the majority of the companies listed are producing textile goods.

Industry and Manufacturing

Carpet Industry

Lahore is famous as the hub of handmade carpet manufacturing in Pakistan. At present, hand-knotted carpets produced in and around Lahore are among Pakistan's leading export products and their manufacture is the second largest cottage and small industry. Craftsmen in Lahore have the capacity to produce any type of carpet using all the popular motifs: gulls, medallions, paisleys, traceries, and geometric designs in various combinations. However, the new Institute of Carpet Designing and Weaving has been established in Bahawalpur to train teachers. The Lahore Design Centre at the Punjab Small Industries Corporation maintains a separate section of carpet designing to experiment with new designs.

Ninety-five percent of the carpets are produced for export and Turkoman, Persian and Caucasian designs are crafted since they meet the popular taste abroad. Lahore is famous for single-wefted designs in Turkoman and Caucasian style, and double-wefted Mughal types (commonly referred as Pak Persian).

To read more about the arts of Punjab (with a focus on Lahore in particular), visit this page (http://www.punjab.gov.pk/punjab/arts.htm) on the Government of Pakistan's web site.

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Mughal Kashan Carpet
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Bakhtiar Carpet
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Mahal Carpet woven in Lahore
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Kashan Carpet woven in Lahore

Famous Lahoris

Related articles

External links

es:Lahore fr:Lhore gu:લાહોર hi:लाहौर ks:लाहोर nl:Lahore no:Lahore ja:ラホール pt:Lahore sa:लाहोर sv:Lahore zh:拉合尔

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