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Krasnoyarsk Krai

From Academic Kids

Krasnoyarsk Krai (Красноя́рский край) (2002 pop. 2,966,000) is the second largest Russian region after Sakha Republic (Yakutia), occupying an area of 2,339,700 km², which is 13% of the country's total territory.

Contents

Geography

The krai stretches 3,000 km from north to south. The krai lies in the middle of Siberia and shares borders with Tyumen, Tomsk, Irkutsk, and Kemerovo oblasts, the republics of Khakassia, Tuva, and Sakha, and the Arctic Ocean in the north. It contains the autonomous districts of Evenkia and Taymyria, which will be merged into the krai on January 1 2007 following a referendum on the issue held on April 17 2005.

Time zone

Krasnoyarsk Krai is located in the Krasnoyarsk Time Zone (KRAT/KRAST). UTC offset is +0700 (KRAT)/+0800 (KRAST).

History

The krai was created in 1934 and then included the Taymyr and Evenk autonomous districts and Khakasiya Autonomous Oblast. In 1991, Khakassia seceded and became a republic within the Russian Federation.

During Stalin's times many Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians and other nationals were arrested and sent to Krasnoyarsk region to exile.

Economy

Over 95% of the cities, a majority of the industrial enterprises, and all of the agriculture are concentrated in the south of the region. It is rich among the richest of Russia's regions in natural resources. Eighty percent of the country's nickel, 75% of its cobalt, 70% of its copper, 16% of its coal, and 10% of its gold are extracted in the region. Krasnoyarsk also produces 20% of the country's timber. The region's major industries are: non-ferrous metallurgy, energy, forestry, chemicals, and oil refining.

Administrative division

Districts

Krasnoyarsk Krai consists of the following districts (Russian: районы):

See also: Subdivisions of Russia

Template:Russian federal subjectsde:Region Krasnojarsk et:Krasnojarski krai ja:クラスノヤルスク地方 nl:Kraj Krasnojarsk ru:Красноярский край

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