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Konstantin Tsiolkovsky

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Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky
Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky

Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky (Konstanty Ciołkowski), (Константин Эдуардович Циолковский; September 5, 1857 new styleSeptember 19, 1935) was a Russian of Polish ancestry, rocket scientist and pioneer of cosmonautics.

He was born in Izhevskoye (now in Spassky District, Ryazan Oblast), Russia in a middle-class family (son of a Pole deported to Eastern Russia). As a child he had caught the scarlet fever and became hard of hearing. He was not accepted at elementary schools because of his hearing problem, so was home schooled until 16.

Nearly deaf, he worked as a high school mathematics teacher until retiring in 1920. Tsiolkovsky theorized many aspects of space travel and rocket propulsion. He is considered the father of human space flight and the first man to conceive the space elevator. His most famous work was Исследование мировых пространств реактивными приборами (The Exploration of Cosmic Space by Means of Reaction Motors), which published in 1903 was arguably the first academic treatise on rocketry. Unfortunately his ideas never made it out of Russia, and the field lagged until German and other scientists independently made the same calculations decades later.

His work influenced later rocketeers throughout Europe, and was also studied by the Americans in the 1950s and 1960s as they sought to understand the Soviet Union's early successes in space flight.

Missing image
TsiolkovskyCoin.jpg
1 rouble, 1987

Tsiolkovsky also delved into theories of heavier-than-air flying machines, independently working through many of the same calculations that the Wright brothers were doing at the same time. However, he never built any practical models, and his interest shifted to more ambitious topics.

Friedrich Zander became enthusiastic about Tsiolkovsky's work and active in promoting and developing it. In 1924 he established the first Cosmonautics Society in the Soviet Union, and later researched and built liquid-fuelled rockets named OR-1 (1930) and OR-2 (1933). On August 23, 1924 Tsiolkovsky was elected as a first professor of the Military-Air Academy N. E. Zhukovsky.

In 1929 Tsiolkovsky proposed the construction of staged rockets in his book Космические поезда (Cosmic Trains).

The basic equation for rocket propulsion, the Tsiolkovsky rocket equation, is named after him.

He was also an adherent of philosopher Nikolai Fyodorov, and believed that colonizing space would lead to the perfection of the human race, with immortality and a carefree existence.

Tsiolkovsky died on September 19, 1935 in Kaluga, Russia, where there is a museum of astronautics named after him.

Quote

"The Earth is the cradle of humanity, but one can not live in a cradle forever!"

External links

de:Konstantin Eduardowitsch Ziolkowski eo:Konstantin CIOLKOVSKIJ fr:Constantin Tsiolkowski ko:콘스탄틴 치올코프스키 it:Konstantin Tsiolkovsky nl:Konstantin Tsiolkovsky ja:コンスタンチン・E・ツィオルコフスキー no:Konstantin Eduardovitsj Tsiolkovskij pl:Konstantin Ciołkowski ru:Циолковский, Константин Эдуардович sk:Konstantin Eduardovič Ciolkovskij sl:Konstantin Edvardovič Ciolkovski

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