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Khong Tayiji

From Academic Kids

Khong Tayiji (also spelled Qong Tayiji; in Manchu: Hong Taiji) is a title of the Mongols.

Khong Tayiji derives from Chinese Huangtaizi (皇太子; crown prince). At first it also meant crown prince in Mongolian. It was given only to descendents of Chinggis Khan. In the Mongol tradition, a khan was unable to appoint the successor, instead the successor was elected in the khuriltai after the khan's death. However Khubilai Khan broke this tradition, and installed his second son Chingem as Crown Prince. After Chingem died in 1284, the position was taken over by his third son Temür in 1293. However, the Crown Prince was not the definite successor. He was also elected in a khuriltai.

Khong Tayiji became sub-Khan since Altan Khan of the Tümed tümen installed Khong Tayiji as assistant Khad. This convention of a sub-khan spread throughout the Mongols.

In 1630s the head of the Jüün Ghar was given the title of Baatur Khong Tayiji by the Dalai Lama. Since then Khong Tayiji was taken over by the Jüün Ghar chiefs. As the Jüün Ghar got stronger, the title became higher. In the mid-18th century it became higher than Khan among the Oyirad because too many chiefs were appointed Khan by the Qing Dynasty.

See also: Jasagh

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