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Katydid

From Academic Kids

Katydids
Missing image
Katydid.jpg



Katydid
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Orthoptera
Family:Tettigoniidae
Subfamilies

see text

Katydid is the common name of insects belonging to the grasshopper family Tettigoniidae, which contains over 6,800 species.

Also known as "long horned grasshoppers" and "bush crickets", the term "katydid" is used mainly in the U.S., Canada, and Australia. The name "katydid" comes from the sound produced by species of the N. American genus Pterophylla (literally "winged leaf"). The males of katydids have sound-producing (stridulating) organs located on their front wings which in some species produce sound supposedly like "Katy did, Katy didn't", hence the name. In some species females are also capable of stridulation.

There are about 255 species in N. America, but the majority of species lives in the tropical regions of the world.

The diet of katydids includes leaves, flowers, bark, and seeds, but many species are exclusively predaceous, feeding on other insects, snails or even small vertbrates.

Subfamilies

A long-horned grasshopper sitting on a leaf.
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A long-horned grasshopper sitting on a leaf.
Missing image
Cricket.jpg
Note the long antennae
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