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Josephus Daniels

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Josephus Daniels

Josephus Daniels (18 May 186215 January 1948) was an American politician and newspaper publisher from North Carolina, who served as Secretary of the Navy during World War I.

A native of Washington, North Carolina, Daniels owned and managed several newspapers before purchasing the Raleigh News and Observer, which he ran for several decades. Prominent in state and national Democratic Party politics, he held office during President Grover Cleveland's administration. He supported Woodrow Wilson in the 1912 presidential election, and after Wilson's victory was appointed as Secretary of the Navy. He held the post from 1913 to 1921, throughout the Wilson administration, overseeing the Navy during World War I. Future U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt served as his Assistant Secretary of the Navy.

Daniels is primarily remembered for having banned alcohol from United States Navy ships in General Order 99 (http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq59-11.htm) of 1 June 1914. This is reportedly the origin of the naval term "cup of joe" to refer to a cup of coffee.

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Preceded by:
George von Lengerke Meyer
United States Secretary of the Navy
19131921
Succeeded by:
Edwin C. Denby

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External links

"Josephus Daniels" from the North Carolina Encyclopedia, The State Library of North Carolina (http://statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us/nc/bio/ncbiz/daniels.htm)

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