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Johnson City, Tennessee

From Academic Kids

Johnson City is a city located primarily in Washington County, Tennessee; however a small part of the city is located inside Carter County, Tennessee. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 55,469.

Johnson City is the home of East Tennessee State University, which is a public school with an enrollment of over 10,000 students. The university features the James H. Quillen College of Medicine, which is nationally known as a top-quality medical school for primary care physicians. Not surprisingly given the medical college's importance in the area, Johnson City is also known for its large medical community.

Contents

Geography

Location of Johnson City, Tennessee

Johnson City is located at 36°20'7" North, 82°22'22" West (36.335399, -82.372760)Template:GR.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 102.5 km² (39.6 mi²). 101.7 km² (39.3 mi²) of it is land and 0.8 km² (0.3 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.78% water.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 55,469 people, 23,720 households, and 14,018 families residing in the city. The population density is 545.4/km² (1,412.4/mi²). There are 25,730 housing units at an average density of 253.0/km² (655.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 90.09% White, 6.40% African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.22% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. 1.89% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 23,720 households out of which 25.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% are married couples living together, 11.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 40.9% are non-families. 33.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.20 and the average family size is 2.82.

In the city the population is spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 13.7% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $30,835, and the median income for a family is $40,977. Males have a median income of $31,326 versus $22,150 for females. The per capita income for the city is $20,364. 15.9% of the population and 11.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 18.9% of those under the age of 18 and 12.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

History

Founded in 1856 by Henry Johnson as a railroad station called "Johnson's Depot," Johnson City became a major railway center for the southeast. Before it was formally incorporated in 1869, the name of the town was briefly changed to Haynesville by some of Johnson's opponents during a fierce political campaign. The name was quickly restored, and Johnson was soon elected as the city's first Mayor on January 3, 1870.

In 1901, the Mountain Branch of the National Soldiers Home (now the Veterans Affairs Medical Center) was created by an act of the US Congress. Construction began in 1903 at a cost of $3 million. At this time, the assessed value of the entire town was listed at $750,000.

During the 1920s, rumored ties to bootlegging activity gave Johnson City the nickname of "Little Chicago." Stories persist that the town was a favorite vacation spot for Al Capone.

See Also:


Flag of Tennessee

State of Tennessee
Governors

Capital:

Nashville

Regions:

East Tennessee | Middle Tennessee | West Tennessee | Blue Ridge Mountains | Ridge-and-valley Appalachians | Cumberland Plateau | Highland Rim | Nashville Basin

Major Metros:

Chattanooga | Clarksville | Johnson City | Knoxville | Memphis | Murfreesboro | Nashville

Smaller Cities:

Athens | Bristol | Brownsville | Cleveland | Columbia | Cookeville | Crossville | Dickson | Dyersburg | Greeneville | Harriman | Jackson | Kingsport | La Follette | Lawrenceburg | Lebanon | McMinnville | Morristown | Newport | Oak Ridge | Paris | Sevierville | Shelbyville | Tullahoma | Union City | Winchester

Counties:

Anderson | Bedford | Benton | Bledsoe | Blount | Bradley | Campbell | Cannon | Carroll | Carter | Cheatham | Chester | Clairborne | Clay | Cocke | Coffee | Crockett | Cumberland | Davidson | Decatur | DeKalb | Dickson | Dyer | Fayette | Fentress | Franklin | Gibson | Giles | Grainger | Greene | Grundy | Hamblen | Hamilton | Hancock | Hardeman | Hardin | Hawkins | Haywood | Henderson | Henry | Hickman | Houston | Humphreys | Jackson | Jefferson | Johnson | Knox | Lake | Lauderdale | Lawrence | Lewis | Lincoln | Loudon | Macon | Madison | Marion | Marshall | Maury | McMinn | McNairy | Meigs | Monroe | Montgomery | Moore | Morgan | Obion | Overton | Perry | Pickett | Polk | Putnam | Rhea | Roane | Robertson | Rutherford | Scott | Sequatchie | Sevier | Shelby | Smith | Stewart | Sullivan | Sumner | Tipton | Trousdale | Unicoi | Union | Van Buren | Warren | Washington | Wayne | Weakley | White | Williamson | Wilson


External links

City of Johnson City, TN (http://www.johnsoncitytn.com/) Template:Mapit-US-cityscale

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