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John J. McCloy

From Academic Kids

John Jay McCloy (March 31, 1895, Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaMarch 11, 1989, Stamford, Connecticut) was lawyer and banker who later became a United States presidential advisor. He was known for his opposition to the World War II atom bombing of Japan.

McCloy graduated from Amherst College in 1919, and then received an LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1921. He was a legal counselor to I. G. Farben, and was the Assistant Secretary of War from 1941 to 1945, during which he was noted for opposing the nuclear bombing of Japan[1] (http://www.doug-long.com/mccloy.htm).

Later, he became the president of the World Bank, from March 1947 to June 1949, and U.S. high commissioner for Germany from 1949 to 1952; he oversaw Germany's return to statehood, and released Fritz Thyssen, Hjalmar Schacht, Friedrich Flick and Alfred Krupp. Following this, he served as chairman of the Chase Manhattan Bank from 1953 to 1960, and Ford Foundation chair from 1958 to 1965; he later served as advisor to John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan. He served on the Warren Commission, and was the primary negotiator on the U.S. president's Disarmament Committee. A name partner in the law firm Milbank Tweed Hadley & McCloy, he was sometimes called "the head of the Establishment".

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Preceded by:
Eugene Meyer
President of the World Bank
1947–1949
Succeeded by:
Eugene R. Black

Template:End boxde:John Jay McCloy

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