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John Byron

From Academic Kids

John Byron (November 8, 1723April 10, 1786) was a British vice-admiral. He was known as foul-weather Jack because of his frequent bad luck with the weather.

Byron was the second son of the 4th Baron Byron. He joined the navy at a young age, accompanying Baron Anson on his circumnavigation. In 1760 he was in command of a squadron sent to destroy the fortifications at Louisbourg. In 1761, Commander Byron took possession of the Falkland Islands on the part of Britain on the ground of prior discovery, and his doing so was nearly the cause of a war between Great Britain and Spain, both countries having armed fleets to contest the barren sovereignty.

Between June 1764 and May 1766 Byron achieved another circumnavigation as captain of the Dolphin.

In 1769 he was appointed governor of Newfoundland. He was made Commander-in-chief of the British fleet in the West Indies in 1778 and 1779 during the American War of Independence. He unsuccessfully attacked a French fleet under the Comte d'Estaing at the Battle of Grenada in July 1779.

He was the father of John "Mad Jack" Byron, who in turn fathered the poet Lord Byron.

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