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Jewish refugees

From Academic Kids

In the course of history, Jewish populations have been expelled or ostracised by various local authorities and have sought asylum from Anti-Semitism numerous times. The article History of anti-Semitism contains more detailed chronology of anti-Jewish hostilities, while Jewish history and Timeline of Jewish history outline the broader picture. In the modern political discourse, the term Jewish refugee is most frequently used for immigrants to Israel from Arab and Muslim lands in the context of the Arab-Israeli conflict.

Partial list of events that prompted major streams of Jewish refugees

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Maabarah_camp_city.jpg
1952. A tent city for Jewish refugees in Israel
  • 1948-1955 The exodus of Jews from the Arab and Muslim Middle East and North Africa. The combined population of Jewish communities in the Middle East (excluding Israel) was reduced from about 900,000 in 1948 to less than 8,000 today. Some of these communities were more than 2,500 years old. The State of Israel absorbed approximately 600,000 of these refugees, many of whom were temporarily settled in tent cities called Maabarot. They were eventually absorbed into Israeli society, and the last Maabarah was dismantled in 1958.

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