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Jérôme Choquette (born January 25 1928) was a Canadian lawyer and politician.

Choquette was born in Montreal, Quebec and studied at the Notre-Dame-de-Grâce Academy and Stanislas College. He graduated from McGill University with a law degree in 1949, and was called to the Bar of Quebec in the same year. In 1951, he obtained a doctorate in economics from the Paris Law School in Paris, France. He also studied at the School of Business Administration at Columbia University in New York City.

He practiced law in Montreal beginning in 1951, and was given the honorary title of Queen's Counsel in 1963. In the 1966 provincial election, he was elected to the National Assembly of Quebec from the riding of Outremont in Montreal as a member of the Liberal Party of Quebec. He was re-elected in the 1970 and 1973 elections.

In the Liberal government of Robert Bourassa, he served as Minister of Financial Institutions from May to October 1970, Minister of Justice from May 1970 to July 1975, and Minister of Education from July to September 1975, when he resigned from the Liberal Party.

He was the Quebec Minister of Justice during the October Crisis and one of the targets of the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) terrorists who kidnapped and executed his fellow cabinet member and Vice-Premier, Pierre Laporte. Seen as a decisive and strong Cabinet Minister, Jerome Choquette took the position during the Crisis that the government of Quebec could not give in to the demands of the terrorist without comprising its responsibility as the democratically elected Government. Following the resolution of the Crisis and expiration of the War Measures Act, Choquette brought in the services of the Quebec Ombudsman and provided the vehicle by which anyone unjustly treated had their case reviewed and given proper compensation.

A strong supporter of human rights, Jerome Choquette was the Cabinet Minister who helped create the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms and introduced it into the National Assembly in 1975.

On December 14, 1975, he founded the Parti National Populaire with Fabien Roy, a member of the National Assembly who had been expelled from the Ralliement créditiste du Québec. Choquette was confirmed as leader of the party at a party congress on October 24, 1976. He was defeated in Outremont in the November 1976 Quebec election.

Choquette resigned from the PNP on March 29, 1977, and re-joined the Liberal Party on January 16, 1978. He re-started his law career in 1976, and served as mayor of the Montreal suburb of Outremont from 1983 to 1991.

In 1993, he began a campaign for the leadership of the Civic Party, a municipal political party in Montreal, but later withdrew from the race, and founded the Parti des Montréalais (Montrealers’ Party). As leader of that party, he was an unsuccessful candidate for mayor of Montreal in 1994.

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