Industrialization of Sweden

From Academic Kids

During and after World War I, in which Sweden remained neutral, the country benefitted from the world-wide demand for Swedish steel, ball-bearings, wood pulp, and matches.

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This article is part of the
History of Sweden series
Pre-history
Viking Age
Early History
Kalmar Union
Modern Sweden
A New Great Power
The Swedish Empire
The Great War
Absolute Monarchy
Union with Norway
Modernization
Industrialization
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Post-war prosperity provided the foundations for the social welfare policies characteristic of modern Sweden. Foreign policy concerns in the 1930s centered on Soviet and German expansionism, which stimulated abortive efforts at Nordic defence co-operation. Sweden followed a policy of armed neutrality during World War II and currently remains non-aligned. Sweden became a member of the European Union in 1995.

Connections

The main line railways were of importance for the development of the industry. The two first main line railways were the Southern, stretching from Malmö in south, and the Western, to Gothenburg in the west. The were finished between 1860-1864.

The Northern railway goes alongside the coast up to Boden in northern Sweden, and was finished 1894. The Inlandsrailway goes through the midth of Sweden, and was built between 1908-1937.

Other railways have been built later. However, the importance of the earlier railways were of chief importance for the development of the industry in Sweden. The mines in the north now had a fast and safe connection to the rest of Sweden, and travelling for businessmen (aswell as private travels) was now no longer a difficult process requiring carriages and a lot of time.

Missing image
Sweden_Main_Line_Railways.png
Main Line railways built in Sweden between 1860-1930.

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