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Hypercomplex number

From Academic Kids

In mathematics, hypercomplex numbers are extensions of the complex numbers constructed by means of abstract algebra, such as quaternions, tessarines, coquaternions, octonions, biquaternions and sedenions.

Whereas complex numbers can be viewed as points in a plane, hypercomplex numbers can be viewed as points in some higher-dimensional Euclidean space (4 dimensions for the quaternions, 4 for the tessarines, 4 for the coquaternions, 8 for the octonions, 8 for the biquaternions, 16 for the sedenions). More precisely, they form finite-dimensional algebras over the real numbers. But none of these extensions forms a field, essentially because the field of complex numbers is algebraically closed — see fundamental theorem of algebra.

The quaternions, octonions and sedenion can be generated by the Cayley-Dickson construction. The Clifford algebras are another family of hypercomplex numbers.

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Topics in mathematics related to quantity

Numbers | Natural numbers | Integers | Rational numbers | Constructible numbers | Algebraic numbers | Computable numbers | Real numbers | Complex numbers | Split-complex numbers | Bicomplex numbers | Hypercomplex numbers | Quaternions | Octonions | Sedenions | Superreal numbers | Hyperreal numbers | Surreal numbers | Nominal numbers | Ordinal numbers | Cardinal numbers | p-adic numbers | Integer sequences | Mathematical constants | Large numbers | Infinity

See also

fr:Nombre hypercomplexe it:Numero ipercomplesso sv:Hyperkomplexa tal zh:超复数

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