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History of North America

From Academic Kids

Articles about the

History of North America.
Pre-colonial America
History of the Americas
European colonization of the Americas
British colonization of the Americas
Dutch colonization of the Americas
French colonization of the Americas
Russian colonization of the Americas
Spanish colonization of the Americas
Swedish colonization of the Americas
History of Greenland
History of Canada
History of United States
History of Central America
History of the Caribbean
History of Chinese immigration to Canada

Many natives of North America, as the Europeans found them, were semi-nomadic tribes of hunter-gatherers; others were sedentary and agricultural civilizations. Many formed new tribes or confederations in response to European colonization. Well-known groups included the Aztec, Maya, Huron, Mohawk, Apache, Cherokee, Sioux, Mohegan, Iroquois, and Inuit.

The first Europeans known for certain to have reached North America are the Vikings, who called it Vinland. They reached it around the year 1000. While some settlement activity took place, they did not leave much of a mark on the continent.

After Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage, the Spanish were the first Europeans to arrive to stay. They gained control of most of the largest islands in the Caribbean and conquered the Aztecs, gaining control of Mexico and Central America.

While some smaller powers like the Dutch and Swedish had minor holdings on the continent, the main land and most of the islands were divided between the Spanish, the French, and the English empires.

Almost 500 years after Leif Ericson, John Cabot and Sir Charles Jahn explored the east coast of what would become Canada in 1497. Giovanni da Verrazzano explored the East Coast of America from Florida to presumably Newfoundland in 1524. Jacques Cartier made a series of voyages on behalf of the French crown in 1534 and penetrated the St. Lawrence River.

The first English settlements were at Jamestown and Plymouth Rock, in what are today Virginia and Massachusetts respectively. The first French settlements were Port Royal (1604) and Quebec City (1608) in what is now Nova Scotia and Quebec.

Template:History by continent footerbn:উত্তর আমেরিকার ইতিহাস es:Historia de Amrica del Norte ko:북아메리카의 역사 nl:Geschiedenis van Noord-Amerika

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