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History of Australia

From Academic Kids


Commonwealth Coat of Arms
This article is part of the series
History of Australia
Commonwealth

Australia before 1901
Federation of Australia
Australia since 1901
Constitutional history
Timeline

State and territory

Tasmania
Victoria
Western Australia

Capital city

Adelaide
Canberra
Melbourne
Sydney

The History of Australia has been divided into two periods: before and after it became a dominion of the British Empire in 1901.

History of Australia before 1901

Main article: History of Australia before 1901

Australia has been inhabited for at least 50,000 years, since the remote ancestors of the current Australian Aboriginal people arrived from Southeast Asia. Early records of its discovery by European expeditions date back to the to the 16th century. It was claimed for Britain in 1770, and first colonised in 1788 as a penal colony. Five other colonies, some penal and some free, were founded in the early 19th century.

History of Australia since 1901

Main article: History of Australia since 1901

In 1901, Australia adopted a federal constitution and became a self-governing dominion of the British Empire. Australian troops took part in both world wars. Since World War II Australia has been transformed by a massive immigration programme. Australia remains a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state: a referendum to establish a republic was defeated in 1999.

See also

Template:History by continent footerde:Geschichte Australiens lb:Geschicht vun Australien pl:Historia Australii ru:История Австралии simple:History of Australia

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