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Highlander

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Highlander is a series of fantasy movies featuring Connor MacLeod (Christopher Lambert), the Highlander of the title. Born in Glenfinnan, in the Scottish Highlands in the 16th century, MacLeod is an Immortal: since the time he was first fatally wounded, he does not age and cannot die unless he is decapitated. When only one Immortal is left, he or she will gain "The Prize," the precise nature of which is usually left open for the viewer to speculate on. This leads to a series of duels with swords between Immortals. The victor, the one who decapitates their opponents, gains the loser's powers and abilities.

The Highlander films and the television series that was spun off from it have attracted a devoted following and led to the creation of a great deal of fan fiction, much of it available on the Internet.

Typical of the series is the use of flashbacks from previous events in the Highlander's long life.

The phrase "There can be only one!" is used frequently in promoting the movies, resulting in "highlander" also being a generic phrase for computer programming solutions that involve exclusive access to a resource.

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Highlander.jpg
Connor MacLeod of the Clan MacLeod
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Highlander

The first film of the series, released on March 7, 1986. The film features a number of flashback scenes establishing Connor MacLeod's early history.

According to them he was born in the year 1518 "in the village of Glenfinnan on the shores of Loch Shiel" (historically this village is better known as the rally point where Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops first concentrated on August 19, 1745 See:Glenfinnan (http://www.road-to-the-isles.org.uk/glenfinnan.html)). In 1536 his clan was in conflict with the rival Clan Fraser. Connor had his first battles in the conflict. The Frasers had employed an experienced immortal only known as the Kurgan (Clancy Brown) and he apparently recognized that Connor was a fellow immortal though even Connor had not discovered this yet. The Kurgan managed to mortally wound Connor in battle but the MacLeods recovered the body before he could decapitate it. The MacLeods mourned Connor but he revived shortly after his "death". Accusing him of being a witch in league with the devil, Connor's clansmen tortured him and were about to execute him. But thanks to his cousin Angus MacLeod (James Cosmo) he managed to escape with his life. However, he was left in exile from his clan and birthplace.

Connor eventually settled in Glencoe, Scotland where he married Heather MacDonald (Beatie Edney), his first wife and received training as a blacksmith from her father. In 1541 he was located by a much older immortal who introduced himself as Juan Sanchez Villa-Lobos Ramirez (Sean Connery). Ramirez soon appointed himself Connor's tutor in the situation of being immortal, their pursuit of the Prize and the rules of this age-long "Game". He also explained that his own Spanish name was just his current alias. He adopted it while serving as Chief Metallurgist for Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (also King of Spain between 1516-1556). He was originally Egyptian and his sword was a katana he received in Japan by his father-in-law Masamune. Masamune was the father of Princess Shakiko, Ramirez's third wife, and supposedly a genius ahead of his time in the forging of swords. The novelization of this film gives Ramirez's original name as Tak-Ne, his birth in 896 BC, his first "death" in 851 BC and his marriage to Shakiko in 593 BC.

Connor's training under Ramirez lasted for about a year. In 1542 the Kurgan managed to locate them both. He arrived at their residence while Connor himself was absent. The Kurgan and Ramirez dueled with the frightened Heather their only spectator. The Kurgan managed to decapitate Ramirez and proceeded to rape Heather, in the belief that he is further humiliating his old enemy by raping "his woman". Connor soon returned to find his residence in ruins, his mentor deceased and his wife alive but traumatised. Connor stayed by his wife's side for the rest of her life. She died of old age and natural causes in 1590. Dying in Connor's arms she confided that her only regret was not having his children. Connor had not physically aged in more than fifty years of marriage. After burying Heather and burning their residence, Connor started wandering the world. A number of other references in the film connected him to many historical figures and events. The movie hints that his experiences over time left him a bitter, cynical man.

The action then shifts to New York, circa 1985 where the few surviving immortals are drawn for "The Gathering", a final series of confrontations to determine the victor of "The Prize". Eventually, the last two surviving are Connor, under the alias of Russell Edwin Nash and the Kurgan, under the alias of Victor Kruger. Meanwhile the spike in murders by decapitation has drawn the attention of the police, who suspect Connor as the sole person responsible. Among the investigators of the case is police forensic scientist Brenda Wyatt (Roxanne Hart). Her investigation gets her closer to Connor and they eventually fall in love with each other. This doesn't escape the attention of the Kurgan who abducts her to get Connor to finally stand and fight him instead of avoiding the final battle. Connor battles the Kurgan, defeats him, and apparently wins The Prize. Connor is left satisfied that the age-long Game is finally over. He proceeds in marrying Brenda and pursuing a new life. (It should be noted that subsequent movies and series have retconned the battle with the Kurgan into a personal victory for Connor instead of the end of "The Game".)

The film was directed by Russell Mulcahy and scripted by Peter Bellwood, Larry Ferguson and Gregory Widen. It remains arguably the best known film of the Highlander series and the one better received by the public. It is noted for its introduction of the themes and concepts further explored by the later movies and TV series and for its sound-track by Queen which most notably contains "Princes of the Universe" which is also used in the Highlander television series title sequence.

Highlander II: The Quickening

Plot

Released on January 31, 1991. The film features a series of events occurring over a period of about twenty-five years from August, 1999 to 2024.

The film's opening scene occurs on August, 1999. News broadcasts explain that the ozone layer will be completely gone in a matter of months and that the ozone hole has been significantly expanded and covers most of planet Earth. In Africa millions have died due to the effects the unfiltered sunlight has had on them. Among them is Connor's wife, who makes him promise that he will work in solving the problem presented. (In the original release of the film, this woman is said to be Brenda Wyatt; Highlander III revealed that Brenda died around 1987, and that it was Alex Johnson who died in 1995.)

In the period following his wife's death Connor becomes the supervisor of a scientific team attempting to create an artificial shield which will cover the planet and protect it from the Sun's radiation. The actual head of the team is Dr. Allan Neyman (Allan Rich). In 1999 the team succeeded in its goal and Earth gained its artificial shield filtering the sunlight in place of the ozone layer. Connor and Allan were proud in having apparently saved humanity and believed they would be remembered for a thousand years. However the shield has the side-effect of condemning the planet to a state of constant night, and humanity can no longer see the sun, the moon, or the stars.

The film then proceeds to the year 2024. According to a narration by Connor, twenty-five years of darkness have had caused humanity to lose hope and fall into a decline. The Shield has fallen under the control of Shield Corporation and its current head David Blake (John C. McGinley), taxing for its services in pursuit of profit. A number of terrorists have emerged trying to take down the Shield. Among them is Louise Marcus (Virginia Madsen), a former employee of the Corporation. Meanwhile, Connor has discovered a negative side-effect of his Prize. His aging process had apparently begun again since his victory over the Kurgan. He has physically aged into a frail old man and expects himself to eventually die of old age and natural causes.

Meanwhile, Connor has been able to recover his memories from a previous life in his series of reincarnations. A flashback to "Planet Zeist 500 years ago" begins with the last meeting of the members of a rebellion against the rule of General Katana (Michael Ironside). The rebellion's leader, a previous incarnation of Ramirez, chooses "a man of great destiny" from among them, Connor's previous incarnation, to carry out a mission against Katana. At this moment Katana and his troops attack and the rebellion is crushed. Katana orders his men to capture "Ramirez" and "MacLeod" alive and kill the rest of the rebels. The two captives are put on trial by Zeist's priests, who sentence them to be exiled from Zeist and reborn on Earth as immortals in pursuit of the Prize. Given the choice to grow old and die on Earth or return to Zeist, they choose Earth. Katana is unsatisfied with their decision, but the sentence is executed and the events of the previous film follow. Oddly, both immortals were born before 1524 on Earth; whether the "500 years ago" message was in error or their Earth incarnations were somehow born before the death of their Zeist incarnations is left unexplained.

The film then returns to the Earth of 2024. Louise Marcus discovers that the ozone layer has been reformed and the artificial Shield is no longer needed. The Corporation is aware of this development but has apparently decided to hide it from the general public in order to maintain its main source of profit. Meanwhile, on Zeist, General Katana is still alive. His information seems to indicate that Connor wants to return to Zeist. However, he decides that cannot be allowed to happen and sends his aids Corda (Pete Antico) and Reno (Peter Bucossi) to Earth to kill him in battle.

Louise manages to reach Connor first and asks for his help in taking down the Shield. To Louise's disappointment she finds the passionate man she once admired to have grown into "a tired old man". Connor explains to Louise that he is dying and expresses his disapproval of terrorism. Before Connor and Louise can finish their conversation, Corda and Reno locate them and attack. Connor soon manages to decapitate them both and in the process regains his youthful appearance. While he absorbs their energy, Connor summons Ramirez.

In Glencoe, Scotland, the location of his death, Ramirez is apparently revived. He finds himself on a theatrical stage during a performance of William Shakespeare's Hamlet. Meanwhile, in New York Connor has found a new lover in Louise Marcus. He attempts to explain to her the concepts of his immortality but she finds them confusing. Elsewhere in New York, General Katana arrives and proceeds to spread havoc.

Both Ramirez and Katana soon adapt to their new environment. Ramirez's earrings are apparently valuable enough to pay for the new costume he acquires from the "finest and oldest" tailor's shop in Scotland and for an airplane ticket to New York. On the other hand Katana finds New York much to his liking. After entertaining himself for a while, Katana manages to locate his old enemy. Their first encounter in centuries proves to be indecisive though.

Soon enough Connor is also reached by Ramirez. The latter joins Connor and Louise in their plan to take down the shield. Katana had apparently predicted this and so forges an uneasy alliance with David Blake. The conflict between the two sets of allies eventually leads to the subsequent deaths of Dr. Allan Neyman (employed by Blake and informant of Connor, killed by his employer as a "traitor"), Ramirez (sacrificing himself to save Connor and Louise), David Blake (killed by Katana while trying to double-cross him) and General Katana (killed by Connor in their final confrontation). Connor succeeds in taking down the shield. Louise sees the stars for the first time in her life. Then Connor claims his Prize by returning to Zeist with Louise accompanying him.

Criticism

Set in the early 21st century, this film veers towards science fiction. It was directed by Russell Mulcahy and scripted by Peter Bellwood, Brian Clemens and William Panzer. Upon release this film was met with harsh criticism by both critics and audiences. Fans of the original film were less than pleased with the concept of immortals being aliens from Planet Zeist and with the revival of Ramirez, whose dramatic death scene in the previous film was considered among its highlights. Audiences found the conflict between the rebellion and General Katana to be too reminiscent of the conflict between the Rebel Alliance and the Galactic Empire featured in Star Wars. Critics and audiences alike pointed that the characters suffered from a lack of development and motivation as gratuitous action scenes left little time for it. An example often offered is that no reason was provided for Katana's sudden interest in Connor after apparently losing contact with him for 506 years and his insistence on killing his old enemy while he could wait for him to die without outside interference. However it should be noted that the film has found a number of fans who found its faults to be a source of amusement.

Highlander II's apparent failure has been seen by some as a result of the producers' interference with the work of director Russell Mulcahy. The latter was behind a later re-release as Highlander II: The Renegade Version. The film was mostly reconstructed with scenes removed and others added and the sequence of events changed. Among other things all references to the Immortals being aliens from another planet were eliminated. This version is generally considered an improvement on the previous one. However the events of both versions were generally ignored by the subsequent films and series.

One joke from fans of the first film is a suggested tagline based on a phrase from the films: "Highlander II: There should have been only one!"

Highlander III: The Sorcerer

First released on November 25, 1994. Effectively a prequel to Highlander II, as the main events take place in 1994.

The film starts with a flashback that occurs sometime after the death of Heather. Events of the flashback can be estimated to occur during the late 16th century or early to middle 17th century. Connor has travelled to Japan to request training from the immortal Japanese sorcerer Nakano (Makoto Iwamatsu, better known as Mako), an acquaintance of Ramirez. Nakano held his residence in a cave of Mountain Niri and had gained a reputation as a master of illusion. It should perhaps be noted that the novelization of this film gives Nakano's first "death" as occurring in 743 BC.

How long this training lasted is left uncertain but it was never completed. A fellow immortal named Kane (Mario Van Peebles) and apparently an old acquaintance of Nakano, was also interested in mastering the power of illusion. Nakano had reportedly denied him training two centuries ago. Kane had apparently gained in experience and ability since that time. He was making his way across Asia in order to reach Nakano again. He also had two traveling companions with him. These two Mongolian immortals were left unnamed in the film but the novelization named them as Kabul Khan (Jean-Pierre Perusse) and Senghi Khan (Raoul Trujillo).

Kane would supposedly attack and decapitate every other immortal the trio encountered during their journey. Eventually they passed from China to Japan and started seeking Niri. Entering a nearby village seeking information, they proceeded in burning it down and slaying its population. Eventually they managed to reach the cave. Kane soon managed to defeat and decapitate Nakano despite Connor's attempts to prevent this. However the energies released during the battle caused the cave to collapse. Connor managed to escape in time but Kane and his men were left trapped. They were apparently soon forgotten and their situation prevented them from participating in the Gathering of 1985.

Another extended flashback describes events in the late 18th century. In 1788/1789 Connor was in France when he made the acquaintance of Sarah Barrington (Deborah Unger), an Englishwoman visiting relatives there. The two soon started to enjoy conversing together and then racing their horses against each other. Eventually they became lovers. But when the French Revolution began Sarah had to return to England while Connor became involved in its events.

During the revolution Joseph-Ignace Guillotin introduced the guillotine as the main method of capital punishment. Historically the first execution of this kind in France occurred on April 25, 1792. In the context of the film it was effective against both mortals and immortals. At some point Connor was sentenced to this manner of execution supposedly for treason against King Louis XVI of France. Pierre explained that he was tired of his immortal life and so offered to die in his place. Connor was falsely reported deceased. Believing her lover dead Sarah was left grieving. Historically Louis XVI was deposed on August 10, 1792 and the monarchy officially abolished on September 21, 1792. So it can be supposed that Connor's failed execution occurred between April and August of 1792.

By 1800 Napoleon Bonaparte had managed to establish himself namely as First Consul of France and effectively as its dictator. The Revolution was over and Connor apparently left France for England in an attempt to reintroduce himself to Sarah. Connor soon located her. But Sarah still considered him deceased and was by this point a married woman and mother of a number of children. Connor left without contacting her and returned to his own solitude.

In 1994 Connor was again a widower. In 1987 Brenda, his last wife was reportedly killed in a car accident after only two years of marriage. Connor survived the accident relatively unharmed. He was left alone to raise their adoptive son John MacLeod (Gabriel Kakon). They had settled in Marrakech, Morocco and Connor was at peace for the first time in centuries. This peace would prove short-living though. In Japan two archaeologists had started excavating Nakano's cave in order to discover whether the sorcerer's legend was based on fact or not. American Dr. Alexandra "Alex" Johnson (Deborah Unger), apparently a distant descendant of Sarah who resembled her greatly, believed Nakano was a historical figure. Japanese Dr. Fuji Takamura (Daniel Do), apparently a great fan of Babe Ruth, on the other hand believed Nakano to be a legendary figure.

The film sees MacLeod defeat a wizard with hypnotic abilities. The third movie largely ignores many of the plot inconsistencies introduced by the second film. It also makes clear that the woman that dies at the beginning of Highlander II is not Brenda, but Alex.

Most part of the film where shot in Morocco

Highlander: Endgame

First released on September 1, 2000 this film was an attempt to merge characters from Highlander 1 and characters and situations from the Highlander television series. The story begins with a flashback to 16th century Scotland where we are introduced to Jacob Kell (Bruce Payne), once a friend of Connor MacLeod's (Christopher Lambert).

While attempting to execute Connor Macleod's mother for witchcraft in the village of Glenfinnen both Kell and his adopted father, a priest named Father Rainey, are seemingly killed by a vengeful Connor. Glenfinnen is set ablaze as Connor escapes with the corpse of his murdered mother. Jacob Kell was however reborn as an immortal and has since vowed vengence against Connor for his father's death. He has spent the last 4 centuries killing all the people he loves, including Rachel Ellenstein, (the war orphan from Highlander 1). He also has gathered a posse of lesser immortals who overpower immortals and allow Kell to take their heads. At the start of the film Kell has over 600 immortal kills, making him the most powerful immortal if one takes this as a metric of power.

After Rachel's death Connor has hidden in a place called the Sanctuary, where immortals are protected by the watchers (a secret society introduced in the TV series) to prevent there ever being only one immortal left.

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Duncan.gif
Duncan MacLeod of the Clan MacLeod

After the flashback Kell and his posse of immortals attack the sanctuary and Connor is believed to be beheaded along with the other sanctuary immortals. Duncan Macleod (Adrian Paul) is given a vision of this evil act and investigates. Eventually he discovers Connor was spared by Kell to allow the evil immortal to make his life even more miserable. He wants to kill Duncan to torture Connor, and given the number of quickenings he has received this seems likely. Therefore Connor forces Duncan to kill Connor and thereby absorbing all his power in order to defeat Kell.

There is also a sub-plot concering Duncan's immortal wife, a woman he wedded and then murdered on their wedding night in order that she become immortal. However this has driven her into the arms of Kell and he must earn her forgiveness or face her as part of Kell's posse.

Television

A 1990s television series used the same basic ideas as the films. Its first episode was released on October 6, 1992. The series centred on Connor MacLeod's much younger Immortal "clansman" Duncan MacLeod (Adrian Paul). Connor (Christopher Lambert) makes only one guest appearance in the very first episode to ensure continuity. Half of each year's production was shot in Canada, the other half in France, requiring considerable plot machination to get all the main characters to migrate back and forth regularly. The show also starred Jim Byrnes as Joe Dawson, a member of a secret society called "Watchers", Stan Kirsch as Richie Ryan, a young petty thief who Duncan MacLeod takes in and become great friends, Elizabeth Gracen as Amanda, an immortal who is over a 1,000 years old and a thief, but a great person, Peter Wingfield as Methos, the oldest living immortal who is around 5,000 years old, and the late Werner Stocker as the 2,000 year old immortal priest named Darius.The series also starred Alexandra Vandernoot as Duncan MacLeod's girlfriend named Tessa Noel.

This series had 6 seasons, and 119 episodes. Its last episode was released on may 16, 1998.

A 1994 animated series, Highlander: The Animated Series, was set in the far future, and featured the character of Quentin MacLeod, voiced by Miklos Perlus.

Highlander: The Raven was a series that took one of the characters in the previous series, Amanda (Elizabeth Gracen), as its central character. She was accompanied by former police officer Nick Wolfe (Paul Johansson). The first episode was released on November 7, 1998.

Series/Film separation

To newcomers, the most confusing aspect of the franchise are the perceived inconsistencies between the television series and the films. The television series is now regarded by most fans to be a separate 'universe', in which most of the events of the original film can be used as background, excepting for the facts that Connor was not the only Immortal left after defeating the Kurgan, and that Duncan is considered the main Immortal most likely to win the Prize, which is referred to by Duncan in the first season as an eventual happening in an unknown future. Connor's battle with the Kurgan is therefore simply viewed as an important era in his life, and not a final fight for the Prize. The second and third movies (and their plots and devices) are not considered part of the series' universe. Fans have dubbed Highlander 1, 2,and 3 as the "Connor Universe" and the Television Series and Highlander: Endgame as the "Duncan Universe".da:Highlander de:Highlander – Es kann nur einen geben fr:Highlander

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