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Herm

From Academic Kids

This article is about the island. For the ancient boundary markers representing Hermes, see Herma. For the French commune, see Herm, Landes.


Herm is the smallest of the Channel Islands that is open to the public. Cars are banned from the small island just like its Channel Island neighbour, Sark. Unlike Sark, bicycles are banned too. However, Herm does allow quad bikes and tractors for the locals. The sandy white beaches make Herm a walker's paradise.

Herm won the 2002 Britain in Bloom competition in the 'Small Coastal Resort' category.

Herm
flag (http://www.worldstatesmen.org/gb-herm.gif) coat of arms (http://www.ngw.nl/int/cha/images/herm.gif)
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: none
Official language English
Tenants Adrian Heyworth and
Pennie Wood Heyworth
Area
 - Total
 - % water

2 km²
Negligible
Population


 - Total (2002)


 - Density


60


xxx/km²
Currency Pound Sterling
Time zone UTC +0
National anthem Sarnia Cherie (Guernsey)
Internet TLD.GG (Guernsey)
Calling CodeXX
Contents

History

Herm was occupied in prehistoric times; the remains of Neolithic chamber tombs have been found on the island.

The first records of Herm's inhabitants in historic times are from the 6th century, when the island became a centre of monastic activity; the name 'Herm' supposedly derives from hermits who settled there (although an alternative interpretation derives Herm from Norse erm referring to an arm-like appearance of the island).

However, the monks suffered from the inclement Atlantic; in 709 CE, a storm washed away the strip of land which connected the island with the small uninhabited island of Jethou.

The most important moment in Herm's political history was 933, when the Channel Islands were annexed to the Duchy of Normandy (they remain a British Crown dependency since the divisionof Normandy in 1204).

After the annexation, Herm gradually lost its monastic inhabitants, and between 1570 and 1737 it was used as a hunting ground by the governors of Guernsey.

In the 19th century, industry arrived in Herm with the establishment of granite quarries to serve the large scale military fortifications undertaken in the islands. The island was rented to tenants by the Crown and was generally off-limits to visitors. When Prince Blücher was Tenant before the First World War, he introduced a colony of wallabies to the island - none now survive.

Like the rest of the Channel Islands, Herm was occupied by the Nazis during World War II, although they left little trace of their presence on the island.

After the war, the States of Guernsey decided to buy Herm from the Crown in order that its pleasant atmosphere could be enjoyed by Guernsey residents. The States now rent the island to a tenant, who is expected to maintain the island for the benefit of its visitors. The most important tenant has been Peter Wood, who looked after the island from 1949 to 1998.

Politics

Herm is a dependency of Guernsey.

See: List of tenants of Herm

Geography

Missing image
Guernsey_sm02.png
This is a map of the Bailiwick of Guernsey. Herm is just East of Guernsey.

Herm is only 1½ miles long and less than ½ a mile wide. It is oriented so that its greatest length runs north/south. The northern half of the coastline is surrounded by sandy beaches, the southern half is rocky.

The Shell Beach is one of the major tourist attractions.

Economy

Tourism is Herm's main economy.


Template:Channel Islandsde:Herm eo:Herm fr:Herm nl:Herm simple:Herm pt: Herm

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