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Heliocles I

From Academic Kids

Missing image
HelioclesCoin.jpg
Silver coin of Heliocles (145-130 BCE)
Obv: Bust of Heliocles
Rev: Zeus standing, with thunderbolt and sceptre. Greek legend: BASILEOS DIKAIOI ILIOKLEOIS "King Heliocles the Just".

The Greco-Bactrian Heliocles, circ. 145-125 BCE, son and successor of Eucratides, was probably the last Greek king who reigned over the Bactrian country.

From 130 BCE a nomadic people, the Yuezhi, started to invade Bactria from the north. In 125 BCE he abandoned Bactria and moved his capital to the Kabul valley, from where he ruled his Indian holdings.

The Greeks continued to rule northern India to the end of the 1st century BC, under the Indo-Greek Kingdom.

Preceded by:
Plato
Greco-Bactrian Ruler
(Eastern Bactria)
(150-130 BCE)
Succeeded by:
Zoilos I

External links

  • Coins of Heliocles (http://www.coinarchives.com/a/results.php?results=100&search=Heliokles+and+I&Thumb=1)
  • More coins of Heliocles (http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/baktria/kings/heliokles_I/t.html)

References

  • "The Shape of Ancient Thought. Comparative studies in Greek and Indian Philosophies" by Thomas McEvilley (Allworth Press and the School of Visual Arts, 2002) ISBN 1581152035
  • "Buddhism in Central Asia" by B.N. Puri (Motilal Banarsidass Pub, January 1, 2000) ISBN 8120803728
  • "The Greeks in Bactria and India", W.W. Tarn, Cambridge University Press.
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