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Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport

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Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport Template:Airport codes is located in the Atlanta, Georgia, USA metropolitan area, and is one of two airports considered the busiest airport in the world. Atlanta International Airport is adjacent to the city of College Park, Georgia, which is south of the city of Atlanta. The airport is located within both Fulton and Clayton Counties.

Contents

History

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Hartsfield-Jackson Airport

Hartsfield-Jackson had its beginnings with a five-year, rent free lease on 287 acres that had been the home of an abandoned auto racetrack. The lease was signed on April 16, 1925 by Mayor Walter Sims, who committed the city to develop it into an airfield. As part of the agreement, the property was renamed Candler Field after its former owner, Coca-Cola tycoon and former Atlanta mayor Asa Candler. The first flight into Candler Field was on September 15, 1926, a Florida Airways mail plane flying from Jacksonville. In May 1928, Pitcaim Aviation began service to Atlanta, followed in June 1930 by Delta Air Service. Later these two airlines, known as Eastern Airlines and Delta Air Lines, respectively, would both use Atlanta as their chief hubs.

Candler Field's first control tower was opened March 1939 and in October 1940 the U.S. government declared it an air base. During World War II, the airport doubled in size and set a record of 1,700 takeoffs and landings in a single day, making it the nation's busiest airport in terms of flight operation.

In 1946 Candler Field was renamed Atlanta Municipal Airport. In 1948, more than one million passengers passed through a war surplus hangar that served as a terminal building. On June 1, 1956 an Eastern Airlines flight to Montreal, Canada was the first international flight out of Atlanta. In 1957, work on a new terminal was begun to help alleviate congestion. Atlanta was the busiest airport in the country with more than two million passengers passing through that year and, between noon and 2 p.m. each day, it became the busiest airport in the world.

On May 3, 1961, the new $21 million terminal opened, the largest in the country, being able to accommodate over six million travelers a year. The new airport was stretched past its capacity the very first year when nine and half million people passed though. In 1967, the city of Atlanta and the airlines began to work on a master plan for future development of Atlanta Municipal Airport.

Construction was begun on the world's largest air complex in January 1977 under the administration of Mayor Maynard Jackson. It was the largest construction project in the South, costing $500 million. Named for former Atlanta mayor William Berry Hartsfield, who did much to promote air travel, The William B. Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport opened on September 21, 1980, on-time and under budget. It was designed to accommodate up to 55 million passengers a year and covered 2.5 million ft&sup2 (230,000 m&sup2). In December 1984 a 9,000 ft (3 km) fourth parallel runway was completed and another runway was extended to 11,889 ft (3.6 km) the following year.

On October 20 2003, Atlanta's city council voted to change the name from Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport to Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in honor of former mayor Jackson, who had died on 23 June.

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FAA diagram of Hartsfield, showing construction on the south side of the airport.

Hartsfield-Jackson International is the chief hub to Delta Air Lines and mostly handles air traffic to other parts of the United States and Canada. Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport has international service to Latin America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. It has two terminals where persons check in, the North Terminal and the South Terminal. They link to a main terminal for security screening, before passengers head to Concourse T, or to the underground train.

Six concourses exist for passenger boarding. Moving sidewalks and an underground "people mover" train made by Westinghouse connect the concourses, and the terminals building. Concourse T is attached to the terminal, and was formerly for international flights, before Concourse E was built prior to the 1996 Centennial Summer Olympics.

In July 2003, Mayor Shirley Franklin announced a second international concourse, which will also have its own terminal. The new Concourse F is scheduled to be completed in 2006. A new fifth runway and a consolidated rental car structure is also under construction. Also scheduled to be completed for 2010 is a new terminal south of the current terminals. The new terminal is expected to include approximately 31 gates.

Hartsfield-Jackson also has its own train station on the city's rapid transit system, MARTA. The above ground station is inside in the main terminal building.

Check-in and baggage claim

North Terminal

South Terminal

East International Terminal

  • (to be built in 2006)

Fourth Terminal

  • (to be built in 2010)

Departure and arrival halls

Concourse T

  • American Airlines (Chicago/O'Hare, Dallas/Ft. Worth, and Miami)
  • American Eagle (Chicago/O'Hare)
  • Delta Air Lines (Albany (NY), Albuquerque, Anchorage(SEASONAL), Austin, Baltimore/Washington, Baton Rouge, Birmingham, Boise (ID) (Starts June 1, 2005), Boston, Buffalo, Burbank, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chicago/Midway, Chicago/O'Hare, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky (Covington, KY), Colorado Springs, Columbia (SC), Columbus, Dallas/Ft. Worth, Dayton, Daytona Beach, Denver, Detroit, El Paso, Ft. Lauderdale/Hollywood, Ft. Myers, Fort Walton Beach, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville, Gulfport, Gunnison, Hartford, Honolulu, Houston/Hobby, Houston/Intercontinental, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jackson, Jackson Hole, Jacksonville, Knoxville, Las Vegas, Lexington, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Louisville, Manchester (NH), Melbourne, Memphis, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Mobile, Montreal, Myrtle Beach, Nashville, New Orleans, Newark, New York/Kennedy, New York/LaGuardia, Norfolk/Southern Virginia, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario (CA), Orange County (Santa Ana), Orlando, Palm Springs, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Portland (OR), Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Reno, Richmond, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San Juan, Sarasota/Bradenton, Savannah, Seattle/Tacoma, Steamboat Springs(SEASONAL), Syracuse, Tallahassee, Tampa, Toronto, Tucson, Tulsa, Vail, Vancouver(SEASONAL), Washington/Dulles, Washington/Reagan, and West Palm Beach)
  • Mesa Air dba United Express (Chicago/O'Hare, Denver, and Washington/Dulles)
  • United Airlines (Chicago/O'Hare, Denver, and San Francisco)

Concourse A

Concourse B

Concourse C

  • AirTran Airways (Akron/Canton, Baltimore/Washington, Bloomington, Boston, Buffalo, Chicago/Midway, Dallas/Ft. Worth, Dayton, Denver, Flint, Ft. Lauderdale/Hollywood, Ft. Myers, Grand Bahama Island, Gulfport, Houston/Hobby, Jacksonville, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Memphis, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moline, Newark, New Orleans, Newport News, New York/LaGuardia, Orlando, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester, San Francisco, Sarasota/Bradenton, Savannah, Tampa, Washington/Dulles, Washington/Reagan, West Palm Beach, and Wichita)
  • Atlantic Southeast Airlines dba Delta Connection (Akron/Canton, Albany (GA), Alexandria, Allentown/Bethlehem, Appleton, Asheville, Augusta (GA), Baton Rouge, Beaumont, Brunswick, Buffalo, Charleston (SC), Charleston (WV), Charlotte, Charlottesville, Chattanooga, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky (Covington, KY), Cleveland, Columbia (SC), Columbus (GA), Columbus/Starkville (MS), Corpus Christi, Dallas/Ft. Worth, Daytona Beach, Des Moines, Dothan, Evansville, Fayetteville (AR), Fayeteville/Ft. Bragg (NC), Flint, Florence (SC), Fort Walton Beach, Fort Wayne, Gainesville (FL), Grand Bahama Island, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville, Gulfport, Harrisburg, Houston/Hobby, Houston/Intercontinental, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jackson, Key West, Knoxville, Lafayette, Lexington, Little Rock, Long Island/Islip, Lynchburg, Macon (GA), Manchester (NH), Melbourne, Meridian (MS), Milwaukee, Mobile, Monroe, Monterrey (MX), Montgomery, Montreal, Myrtle Beach, Naples, New Orleans, Newport News, Norfolk/Southern Virginia, Omaha, Ottawa, Panama City Beach, Pensacola, Peoria, Providenciales (Turks and Caicos), Roanoke, Rochester (NY), St. Louis, San Antonio, Sarasota/Bradenton, Savannah, Shreveport, South Bend, Tallahassee, Toledo, Toronto, Tri-Cities, Valdosta (GA), Washington/Dulles, Washington/Reagan, White Plains, Wichita, Wilkes-Barre/Scranton, and Wilmington)
  • Comair dba Delta Connection (Akron/Canton, Allentown/Bethlehem, Baltimore/Washington, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky (Covington, KY), Dayton, Daytona Beach, Des Moines, Fort Walton Beach, Louisville, New York/Kennedy, Rochester (NY), Syracuse, Toledo, and Toronto)

Concourse D

International Concourse E

  • Aeroméxico (Cancun and Mexico City)
  • Air France (Paris/Charles De Gaulle)
  • Air Jamaica (Montego Bay)
  • British Airways (London/Gatwick)
  • Delta Air Lines (International Flights) (Amsterdam, Aruba, Belize City, Bermuda, Bogota, Brussels, Buenos Aires, Cancun, Caracas, Cozumel, Dublin, Frankfurt, Grand Cayman, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Liberia (CR), Lima, London/Gatwick, Los Cabos, Madrid, Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Milan, Montego Bay, Moscow, Munich, Nassau, Panama City (Panama), Paris/Charles De Gaulle, Providenciales (Turks and Caicos), Rome/Fiumicino, St. Lucia, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, San Jose (CR), San Salvador, Santiago, Sao Paulo, Shannon, Stuttgart, Tokyo/Narita, Zurich)
  • KLM (Amsterdam)
  • Korean Air (Seoul/Incheon)
  • Lufthansa (Frankfurt)
  • South African Airways (Cape Town and Johannesburg)

International Concourse F

  • (to be announced in 2006)

Fourth Terminal Gates

  • (to be announced in 2010)

Cargo Airlines


External links

 

Atlanta landmarks
Atlanta Botanical Garden | Atlanta Civic Center | Atlanta Cyclorama | Atlanta History Center | Atlanta Symphony Hall | Atlantic Station | Bobby Dodd Stadium | Centennial Olympic Park | Chattahoochee River | CNN Center | Fernbank Science Center | Fox Theatre | Georgia Aquarium | Georgia Dome | Georgia Governor's Mansion | Georgia State Capitol | Georgia World Congress Center | Grant Park | Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport | High Museum of Art | Jimmy Carter Library and Museum | Lenox Square | Margaret Mitchell House and Museum | Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site | Oakland Cemetery | Philips Arena | Phipps Plaza | Piedmont Park | Stone Mountain | The Varsity | Turner Field | Underground Atlanta | Woodruff Arts Center | World of Coca-Cola | Zoo Atlanta
Former: Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium | Loew's Grand Theatre | Omni Coliseum | SciTrek | Rich's

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