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HMS Enterprise (D52)

From Academic Kids

Career RN Ensign
Ordered:
Laid down: 28 June 1918
Launched: 23 December 1919
Commissioned: 7 April 1926
Decommissioned:
Fate: Sold for scrap in 1946
Struck:
General Characteristics
Displacement: 7,580 tons standard, 7,335 tons light, 9,435 tons full
Length: 570 ft (174 m)
Beam: 54.5 ft (16.6 m)
Draught: 16.5 ft (5.0 m)
Propulsion: Four sets of Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines; eight Yarrow 250 lb/in² (1.7 MPa) boilers making 80,000 horsepower (60 MW)
Speed: 33 knots (61 km/h)
Range: Range: 1,350 nautical miles at 32 knots (2,500 km at 59 km/h); 8,000 nautical miles at 15 knots (15,000 km at 28 km/h)
Complement: 572 officers and enlisted
Armament: Seven six-inch (152 mm) guns, five four-inch (102 mm) guns, three quadruple 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes mounts upgraded in 1929 to four quadruple mounts.
Searchlights: Two 36-inch (914 mm), two 24-inch (610 mm)
Motto:

HMS Enterprise was an Emerald-class light cruiser designed and built by John Brown and Company of Clydebank, Scotland, who laid her keel down on June 28, 1918. She was launched on December 23, 1919. Final fitting-out proceeded slowly, and she was commissioned on March 31, 1926 in Devonport.

Until 1937 Enterprise served with the 4th Cruiser Squadron in the East Indies. On September 30, 1938, she was reduced to reserve service.

At the start of World War II, in October 1939, she was recommissioned and began to escort Atlantic convoys and serving in the Northern Patrol at Scapa Flow.

In April and May 1940, Enterprise took part in the Norway Campaign. On 19 April, a torpedo attack by U 65 missed, and on April 24 she bombarded German positions near Narvik, Norway.

After the fall of France in June 1940, Enterprise joined Force H at Gibraltar and took part in various operations in the Western Mediterranean. In September 1940 she was transferred to the South Atlantic for trade protection and escort duties.

In 1941, Enterprise was dispatched to the Indian Ocean to suppress the revolt of Rashid Ali in Iraq in May and April of 1941. From 11 March to 18 March she entered refit and repair at Colombo. In December she helped escort troop ships to Singapore and Rangoon, Burma, and then joined the Eastern Fleet under Admiral Sir James Somerville, taking part in protection of trade for the next year. On 6 April 1942 she picked up the survivors of the cruisers Cornwall and Devonshire, sunk in the Indian Ocean raid.

On 25 December 1942, she returned to Clyde for refit and modernization. On 31 October 1943, she returned to service, and on 28 December 1943, in the Bay of Biscay, Enterprise and Glasgow intercepted a force of eleven German destroyers, the tardy escort for their blockade runner Alsterufer (which had been sunk the previous day by air attack). Three of the destroyers, T 25, T 26 and Z 27, were sunk and four damaged.

From 3 February to 29 February 1944 Enterprise was docked at Devonport for refit, and from March 27 to March 31 she was fitted for missile jamming gear at Devonport. Enterprise was then assigned to Task Force 122 Western Naval Forces, under the command of Rear Admiral Alan G. Kirk. Her sub-group was TF125 Assault Force "U" (for Utah Beach). In June 1944 Enterprise took part in the Allied landings in Normandy as part of the bombarding force, serving with USS Nevada, HMS Black Prince, and USS Quincy.

On 25 June 1944, Enterprise departed Portland to support troops at Cherbourg. She fired on Querqueville, silencing the German guns there.

On 5 January 1945, Enterprise was placed in reserve service at Rosyth. In May she helped return British troops from the Far East, and on 13 January 1946, returned to the United Kingdom for the final time. On April 11 she was sold off, and on 21 April she arrived at Newport for scrapping.

Enterprise received battle honors for her service in the Atlantic in 1939 and 1940, Norway in 1940, the Bay of Biscay in 1943, and Normandy in 1944.

See HMS Enterprise for other Navy ships of this name.

Emerald-class cruiser

Emerald | Enterprise

List of cruisers of the Royal Navy
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