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Grape

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(Redirected from Grapes)
Grape
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Vitales
Family:Vitaceae
Genus:Vitis
Species

Vitis acerifolia
Vitis aestivalis
Vitis amurensis
Vitis arizonica
Vitis x bourquina
Vitis californica
Vitis x champinii
Vitis cinerea
Vitis x doaniana
Vitis girdiana
Vitis labrusca
Vitis x labruscana
Vitis monticola
Vitis mustangensis
Vitis x novae-angliae
Vitis palmata
Vitis riparia
Vitis rotundifolia
Vitis rupestris
Vitis shuttleworthii
Vitis tiliifolia
Vitis vinifera
Vitis vulpina

A grape is the fruit of a vine in the family Vitaceae. It is commonly used for making grape juice, jelly, wine and raisins, or can be eaten raw.

Many species of grape exist including:

Hybrids also exist, primarily crosses of V. vinifera with one or more varieties of V. labrusca, V. riparia or V. aestivalis. Hybrids tend to be less susceptible to frost and disease (notably phylloxera), but their wine has little of the characteristic "foxy" odor of labrusca.

Currently, a large fraction of the grape crop goes to producing grape juice to be used as a sweetener for fruits canned "with no added sugar" and "100% natural".

Grapes are being extensively researched all over the world as a result of the "French Paradox" contrasting the diets of the French with those of other Western countries, particularly the United States. Despite the fact that the French eat substantially more animal fat, they have a significantly lower incidence of heart disease. Many scientists now believe the reason is the greater consumption of red wine in France. Compounds such as resveratrol have been discovered in grapes.

Resveratrol and other grape compounds have been positively linked to fighting cancer, heart disease, degenerative nerve disease and other ailments.

Although many people incorrectly assume that red grapes have the most health benefits, the fact is that grapes of all colors have comparable benefits. Red wine has health benefits not found in white wine because many of these compounds are found in the skins of the grapes and only red wine is fermented with the skins.


A bunch of grapes
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A bunch of grapes
Autumn Royal grapes
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Autumn Royal grapes
Red and green grapes
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Red and green grapes
Red grapes
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Red grapes
Flame seedless grapes
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Flame seedless grapes
Foliage of the Concord grape plant
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Foliage of the Concord grape plant

Wild grapes are often considered a nuisance weed as they cover other plants and form thick entangling vines.

Missing image
Grapevinefoliage.jpg
Foliage of the New England wild grape

External links

Template:Commonsals:Weintraube de:Weintraube es:uva eo:Vinbero fr:Raisin mg:Voaloboka nl:Druif ja:ブドウ pl:Winorośl pt:uva fi:Viiniryple sv:Vindruva zh:葡萄属

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