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Gorizia

From Academic Kids

Gorizia (Slovenian Gorica, German Grz, (Friulian Gurize) is a small town (pop. 40,000) at the foot of the Alps, in NE Italy, on the border with Slovenia. It is the capital of Gorizia province, and is a local center of tourism, industry, and commerce. The town has a 11th-century fortress, a Gothic cathedral (14th century, rebuilt 17th century), and the Church of St. Ignatius (1680–1725).

Originally a watchtower or a prehistoric castle, Gorizia soon became a little village near the fords of the river Isonzo not far from one of the most important ways that during the Roman period linked Aquileia to Emona (Lubiana). The name of Gorizia was for the first time recorded in a document dated April 28th 1001 "quae sclavonica lingua vocatur Goritia" stating the donation of the Castle and the village of Gorizia made by Emperor Otto III to Patriarch Giovanni II and to Count Verihen. Since the 11th century the town had two different development plans: the castellan hamlet or superior land and the village or inferior land. The first played a political-administrative role and the second a rural-commercial role. In the 16th century the county passed into Austria and the city spread out at the foot of the castle becoming, in the middle of the 18th century, an archiepiscopal see with jurisdiction over the diocesis of Trieste, Trento, Como and Pedena. Around the baroque cathedral where many treasures of the Basilica of Aquileia had been transferred, a new quarter developed; it had a typically 18th century appearance and inside there was also a synagogue, one of the many examples of the town's multi-ethnic nature. Gorizia was seriously damaged by both World Wars but after the second it suffered for the reduction of its territory and for the division of the city by the Italo - Slovenian border.

Missing image
Goriziacastello.jpg
The Castle of Gorizia

External link

fur:Gurizede:Grz fr:Gorizia it:Gorizia ja:ゴリツィア ro:Gorizia sl:Gorica sv:Gorizia

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