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Template:Titlelacksdiacritics Template:Infobox Poland

Głogów (pronounce: ['gȗoguv]) is a town in southwestern Poland. According to the 2004 Census estimate the town had a total population of 71,686. It is situated in the Glogow County, in the Lower Silesian Voivodship (as of 1999), and was previously in the Legnica Voivodship (1975-1998). Głogów is the 6th largest city of that voivodship. The name of the town comes from hawthorn (Polish: głóg).

Głogów consists of the following residential districts: Brzostów, Chrobry, Hutnik, Kopernik (Copernicus), Kościuszki, Ostrów Tumski (Church Island), Paulinów, Piastów Śląskich, Przemysłowe, Słoneczne, Stare Miasto (Old Town), Śródmieście, Żarków. Two villages, Biechów and Wróblin Głogowski, are also within Głogów's administrative borders.

Template:Polishcity The Czech name Hlohov is also no longer in common use.

Contents

History

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The Castle of the Dukes of Głogów

Głogów is one of the oldest towns in Poland. It was founded as a gród by a slavic tribe called the Dziadoszans. The first known historic record of Głogów was in 1010 in Thietmar's chronicles, when it was invaded by Germans under the rule of Holy Roman Emperor Henry II, and was once again besieged by German armies on August 9, 1017. On August 14, 1109 the battle of Głogów is held, against the army of emperor Henry V. In 1157 the town was taken by Frederick I Barbarossa, who burnt down its citizens.

In 1180, under the rule of Konrad I, the son of Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland, the rebuilt Głogów became a capital of the principality, and in 1253 it was given Magdeburg city rights.

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Old Town

In the 16th century, the Głogów line of the Piast dynasty died out with the death of John II the Mad. In the years 1491-1506 Głogów was ruled by John Albert and Sigmund the Old, future kings of Poland. Later it was taken over by the Habsburg dynasty. In the middle of the 17th century, during the Thirty Years' War, Głogów was turned into a stronghold. It was besieged and conquered by armies of Prussia, France, Russia, Sweden and Austria. Since 1740 it was subject to the Prussian Hohenzollern dynasty. During the Napoleonic Wars the Polish forces of Henryk Dabrowski stationed here, and the city was also visited thrice by Napoleon himself. The stronghold status slowed down the city's development for many years.

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Ruins of St. Nicholas Church

The citizens tried to abolish the stronghold status in the 19th century, but only in 1873 the fortifications were moved to the East, and finally taken down in 1902, which allowed the city to develop. In 1939 it had 33,000 inhabitants.

In 1945, the town was once again made into a stronghold by the Nazi government. Głogów was besieged for 6 weeks by the Soviet army and was 95% destroyed. After the Yalta Conference, Głogów, just like all of Lower Silesia, was given to Poland, and in May 1945 the first settlers came to Głogów, to find only ruins. The town hasn't been fully rebuilt to this day. The town started to develop again only in 1967, after a copper foundry was built there. It is still the largest industrial company in the town.

In the years 1945-1950, Głogów was part of the Wroclaw Voivodship, and in 1950 it became part of the newly created Zielona Góra Voivodship. In the years 1975-1998 it belonged to Legnica Voivodship, and after the administrative reform of 1999 it became part of the Lower Silesian Voivodship.

Landmarks

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Town Hall
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Collegiate church
  • Town Hall
  • Castle of the Dukes of Głogów (currently the site of an archeological museum)
  • Late baroque Corpus Christi Church
  • 16th century Saint Lawrence Church
  • Early gothic St. Nicholas Church (ruins)
  • Gothic collegiate church
  • Andreas Gryphius Theatre (ruins)
  • Fragments of medieval city walls
  • 17th century moat
  • 19th century artillery tower

Born in Głogów:

External link

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cs:Głogów da:Glogau de:Głogów eo:Głogów fr:Głogów la:Glogovia lv:Glogova na:Glogow nl:Glogow no:Glogow pl:Głogów ro:Głogów sl:Głogów sv:Glogów

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