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Germania Inferior

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The Roman province of Germania Inferior, 120 AD
Germania Inferior (in English: Lower Germany) was a Roman province located on the left bank of the Rhine, in today's southern Netherlands and western Germany. The principal settlements of the province were Bona (Bonn), Castra Vetera (Xanten), Trajectum ad Rhenum (Utrecht), and Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne), the capital of Germania Inferior.

The army of Germania Inferior, known from inscriptions simply as EX.GER.INF. (Exercitus Germania Inferior), had several legions at its service: of these, the Legions I Minervia and XXX Ulpia Victrix were the most permanent. The Roman Navy's Classis Germanica, charged with patrolling the Rhine and the North Sea coast, was based in Castra Vetera and later in Colonia Agrippinensis.

The first confrontations between a Roman army and the peoples of Germania Inferior occurred during Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars. Caesar invaded the region in 57 BC and in the next three years annihilated several Germanic tribes, including the Eburones and the Menapians.

Germania Inferior had had Roman settlements since approximately 50 BC and was at first part of Gallia Belgica; it was established as a Roman province in the year 90, later becoming an Imperial province. It lay north of Germania Superior, together with which it made up Germania. The epithet Inferior refers to its downstream position.

Related topics

  • Conquest of Germania Inferior
  • Major rebellions and attacks (see Batavian rebellion for instance)
  • Influence of Germania Inferior on Roman politics (see Germanicus)
  • Final abandonment of the province

References

Jona Lendering, De randen van de aarde. De Romeinen tussen Schelde en Maas, (2000 Amsterdam)

External links

Template:Roman provinces 120 ADde:Germania Inferior

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