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Georges Braque

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Violin and Candlestick, Paris, spring 1910 (San Francisco Museum of Modern Art)
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Violin and Candlestick, Paris, spring 1910 (San Francisco Museum of Modern Art)

Georges Braque (May 13, 1882August 31, 1963) was a French painter and sculptor, and with Pablo Picasso one of the inventors of Cubism.

Georges Braque was born in Argenteuil-sur-Seine, France. He grew up in Le Havre and studied in the evenings at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts from about 1897 to 1899.

He studied in Paris under a master decorator and was awarded his certificate of craftmanship in 1901. The following year he attended the Academie Humbert and painted there until 1904. It was here that he met Marie Laurencin and Francis Picabia.

His early work was impressionistic, but he soon changed to a Fauvist style. In 1907, he exhibited works in this style in the Salon des Indpendants. From 1909 to 1911, he worked with Picasso to develop Cubism. In 1912, they began to experiment with collage and papier coll. Their collaboration continued until 1914.

Braque was injured in the First World War, after which he moved away from the harsher abstraction of cubism, towards the hermetic and synthetic forms — the most abstract forms of cubism.

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et:Georges Braque es:Georges Braque eo:Georges BRAQUE fr:Georges Braque ko:조르주 브라크 it:Georges Braque he:ז'ורז' בראק nl:Georges Braque ja:ジョルジュ・ブラック pl:Georges Braque ro:Georges Braque sv:Georges Braque

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