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Geography of Azerbaijan

From Academic Kids

Map of Azerbaijan with cities
Map of Azerbaijan with cities

This article describes the geography of Azerbaijan.

Location
Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia
Geographic coordinates
Template:Coor dm
Map references
Commonwealth of Independent States
Area

Historical Azerbaijan and today's area populated by ethnic Azeris is much larger than the independent country: the whole Northwestern part of Iran forms the so called "South Azerbaijan".

Area comparative
Land boundaries
  • Total: 2,013 km
  • Border countries: Armenia (with Azerbaijan-proper) 566 km, Armenia (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 221 km, Georgia 322 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-proper) 432 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 700 km, Russia 284 km, Turkey 9 km
Coastline
0 km (landlocked). Azerbaijan borders the Caspian Sea. (800 km, est.)
Maritime claims
None (landlocked)
Climate
Dry, semiarid steppe
Terrain
Large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west; Baky lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea
Elevation extremes
  • Lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
  • Highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m (on border with Russia)
  • Highest peak entirely within Azeri territory: Shah Dagi 4,243 m
Natural resources
Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, alumina.
Land use
  • Arable land: 18%
  • Permanent crops: 5%
  • Permanent pastures: 25%
  • Forests and woodland: 11%
  • Other: 41% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land
10,000 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards
Droughts; some lowland areas threatened by rising levels of the Caspian Sea
Environment--current issues
Local scientists consider the Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) (including Baky and Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world because of severe air, water, and soil pollution; soil pollution results from the use of DDT as a pesticide and also from toxic defoliants used in the production of cotton.
Environment - international agreements
  • Party to: Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
  • Signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity
Geography--note
Semi-landlocked (the Caspian basin is accessible from the oceans through the Volga-Don Canal system, allowing transportation of dimension-restricted sea freight).

See also

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