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Gaziantep Province

From Academic Kids

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shows the Location of the Province Gaziantep

Gaziantep is a province in south-central Turkey, and is also the name of the province's capital and largest city (population 853,513 as of 2000). Its name during the Byzantine rule was Germanicea.

An important trading center since ancient times, the province is also one of Turkey's major manufacturing zones, and its agriculture is dominated by the growing of pistachio nuts.

In ancient times, first the Hittites and later the Assyrians controlled the region. It saw much fighting during the Crusades, and the Saladin won a key battle there in 1183. After World War I and Ottoman Empire's disintegration, it was invaded by French forces during the Turkish War of Independence. It was returned to Turkish control after the Treaty of Lausanne was signed, formally ending hostilities between Turkey and the Allies.

Originally known as Antep, the title gazi (meaning veteran in Turkish) was added to the province's and the provincial capital's name in 1921, due to its population's extraordinary courage during Turkish War of Independence.

External links

Template:Provinces of Turkey

Template:Turkey-geo-stub de:Gaziantep (Provinz) es:Gaziantep fa:غازی عینتاب nl:Gaziantep pt:Gaziantep tr:Gaziantep (il) ku:Dlok

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