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Gaur

From Academic Kids

Gaur
Missing image
Indian_Gaur2.jpg



Gaur in Captivity
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Artiodactyla
Family:Bovidae
Genus:Bos
Species:gaurus
Binomial name
Bos gaurus
H. Smith, 1827

The Gaur (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of the hilly areas of India and Southeast Asia, which may be found wild or domesticated. It is also called the seladang or "Indian bison". The wild group and the domesticated group are sometimes considered separate species, with the wild gaur called Bibos gauris or Bos gaurus, and the domesticated gayal, mithan or mithun called Bos frontalis.

Gaur are said to look like the front of a water buffalo with the back of a domestic cow. They stand 1.7-2.2 m tall and weigh 700-1000 kg. In the wild they live in small herds of up to 40 individuals and graze on grasses. They fall prey to tigers and leopards.

Previously thought to be closer to buffalo, genetic analysis has found that they are closer to cattle with which they can produce fertile hybrids. They are thought to be most closely related to banteng and said to produce fertile hybrids.

Subspecies

  • Bos gaurus laosiensis (Myanmar to China)
  • Bos gaurus gaurus (India, Nepal) also called "Indian bison"
  • Bos gaurus readei
  • Bos gaurus hubbacki(Thailand, Malaysia)
  • Bos gaurus frontalis, domestic gaur, probably a gaur-cattle hybrid breed

External link

  • Gaur fact sheet (http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Bos_frontalis.html)

Template:Mammal-stubde:Gaur ms:Seladang fi:Gauri

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