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Funkadelic

From Academic Kids

The bands Funkadelic and Parliament are intrinsically linked and can not be easily separated. This article focuses on Funkadelic, see P-Funk for an integrated history of the groups. For Funkadelic's self-titled album, see Funkadelic (album)

Funkadelic was originally the backing band for the doo wop group, The Parliaments. The band was added in 1964, primarily for tours, and consisted of Frankie Boyce, Richard Boyce and Langston Booth. They enlisted in the army in 1966, and George Clinton (the leader of The Parliaments) recruited Billy Bass Nelson and Eddie Hazel in 1967, then also adding Tawl Ross and Tiki Fulwood.

Due to legal difficulties between Clinton and Revilot, The Parliaments' label, the name was abandoned in favor of Funkadelic, which consisted of the same group of people (that is, both the former Parliaments and their back-up band, now both combined in the name "Funkadelic"). The group signed to Westbound in 1968.

The self-titled debut album, Funkadelic, was released in 1970. The credits listed organist Mickey Atkins plus Clinton, Fulwood, Hazel, Nelson and Ross, though the actual recording also included several sessionmen, then employed by Motown, as well as Ray Monette (of the Rare Earth) and Bernie Worrell, all uncredited.

Bernie Worrell was officially credited starting with Funkadelic's second album, 1970's Free Your Mind... and Your Ass Will Follow, thus beginning a long collaboration between Worrell and Clinton (who had been friends for quite a while). Worrell would go on to produce many Parliament and Funkadelic albums, as well as play keyboard on albums by other members of P Funk.

After the release of Maggot Brain in 1971, Bootsy and Catfish Collins joined the group. The brothers would go on to become major contributors to the P Funk sound. In 1972, this new line-up released America Eats Its Young, but many members left the group after that, due to internal squabbles, plus Hazel spending a year in jail for drug possession and assault, Tawl Ross experiencing either a bad LSD trip and/or a speed overdose, while Billy Bass quit due to financial concerns. Michael Hampton, a seventeen-year-old guitar prodigy, replaced Hazel.

1975 brought Funkadelic to Warner Brothers, and saw the release of Hardcore Jollies in 1976. The same year, Westbound released archived tracks as Tales of Kidd Funkadelic, which did significantly better than Hardcore Jollies and included "Undisco Kidd," a R+B Top 30 single. In 1977, Westbound capitalized on the success of Tales of Kidd Funkadelic by releasing The Best of the Early Years. Funkadelic recorded and released its magnum opus, One Nation Under a Groove in 1978. The titular track spent six weeks at #1 on the R+B charts, while Parliament was enjoying success with "Flash Light" and "Aqua Boogie."

With the new found fame of Funkadelic, longtime members Fuzzy Haskins, Calvin Simon and Grady Thomas (who were original Parliaments) left the group (in 1977) and released a single, "Connections and Disconnections" under the name Funkadelic (in 1981). The song charted at the same time as the titular song to Clinton's Funkadelic's The Electric Spanking of War Babies.

As the 1980s wore on, legal difficulties arising from the multiple names used by multiple groups, as well as a shakeup among Parliament's record label, Parliament and Funkadelic disintegrated. George Clinton recorded several solo albums (sometimes under the name George Clinton & the P.Funk All-Stars).

Funkadelic Discography
Year Title Label
1970 Funkadelic Westbound
1970 Free Your Mind... And Your Ass Will Follow Westbound
1971 Maggot Brain Westbound
1972 America Eats Its Young Westbound
1973 Cosmic Slop Westbound
1974 Standing on the Verge of Getting It On Westbound
1975 Funkadelic's Greatest Hits Westbound
1975 Let's Take It to the Stage Westbound
1976 Hardcore Jollies Priority
1976 Tales of Kidd Funkadelic Westbound
1977 The Best of the Early Years, Vol. 1 Westbound
1978 One Nation Under a Groove Priority
1979 Uncle Jam Wants You Priority
1981 Connections & Disconnections LAX
1981 The Electric Spanking of War Babies Priority
1981 Who's a Funkadelic? (same as Connections and Disconnections) Rhino
1993 Music for your Mother Westbound
1994 Best of Funkadelic (1976-1981) Charly
1994 Hardcore Funk Jam Charly
1996 Live: Meadowbrook, Rochester, Michigan 12th September 1971 Westbound
1997 Finest Westbound
1997 Ultimate Music Club
1998 The Very Best of Funkadelic Charly
1999 Best Neon
2000 Funk Gets Stronger Recall
2000 Funk Gets Stronger (double album) Recall
2000 The Funkadelic Collection, Vol. 1 Westbound
2000 The Funkadelic Collection, Vol. 2 Dressed to Kill
2000 The Original Cosmic Funk Crew Metro Music
2000 Cosmic Slop Castle Pie
2000 Suitably Funky Dressed to Kill
2001 The Legends Collection Dressed to Kill

(Greatest Hits and Compilations appear in bold)de: Funkadelic

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