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Funchal

From Academic Kids

Coat of arms Flag
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Funchal's coat of arms

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Statistics
Region: Madeira Islands
District: Madeira Island
Population: 103,962 2001
Area: 76.25 km²
Density 1,363.44/km²
Altitude: Lowest and Centre: Atlantic Ocean
Highest: about 1,400 m (northwest)
Number of parishes: 10
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View of Funchal

Funchal, population approx. 110,000 (1991), is the capital of the Madeira Islands of Portugal. Funchal is also the largest city on the island and is ranked after Câmara de Lobos and Machico. It was founded by João Gonçalves Zarco in 1421 and was elevated to city by King Manuel I in 1508.

The city is named after fennel, which grows on the island.

Funchal is passed with a main road linking to both parts of the island and another road linking north to Faial and Santana. Funchal is located 21 km south of Faial, about 25 km S of Santana, 17 km SW of Machico, about 7 km E of Câmara de Lobos and about 37 km ESE of Calheta.

Part of Funchal Municipality is Ilhas Selvagens (Savage Islands and Desertas Islands), two nature reserve islands 160 km (100 mi) South of Funchal.

Funchal is bypassed by Madeira's only superhighway to the north east and northwest which accesses to Santa Cruz and Câmara de Lobos.

  • Location:
    • Latitude: 32.633 (32°38') N
    • Longitude: 16.9 (16°54') W
Contents

Parishes

Here are the ten boroughs of Funchal:

A crater named Funchal is founded on planet Mars.

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Mercado dos Lavradores, Funchal

History

In the early 1400s, Alvaro Fernandes was the commander of Funchal.

In the 16th century Funchal was important as a stopping place between the Indies and the New World, and was known as a wealthy place. It was also the port for Madeiran sugar and wine.

Some Navy ships including USS Arkansas, USS Chicago, USS John Hancock, USS Salem, CSS Shenandoah, USS Shenandoah, USS Yorktown visited the port.

Funchal hosted the Funchal Island Tournament in 1981 with Clube de Regatas Vasco da Gama of the Brazilian League.

Coat of arms

Its coat of arms are made up of a green shield with four golden grapes on each side with a shield over the grapes. In the middle has five fennels?

Postage stamps

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25 reis, 1892, used in 1894; an "S." is visible for the town name.

Between 1892 and 1905, Portugal issued postage stamps inscribed "Funchal", but then reverted to the stamps of Madeira.

Sites of interest

Twinnings

Other

Funchal has a few schools, a few lyceums, a gymnasium, banks, a hospital, a post office, beaches and squares or plazas (praças).

Persons

External links




North: Santana Northeast: Machico
West: Câmara de Lobos
Funchal East: Santa Cruz
South: Atlantic Ocean
de:Funchal

fr:Funchal hu:Funchal pt:Funchal ro:Funchal sv:Funchal

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