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Fuling

From Academic Kids

Fuling (涪陵) is a district of Chongqing Municipality of the People's Republic of China. The place name means "Fu (River) Cemetery" because some rulers of the State of Ba were originally buried there.

Fuling is well known in China as the home of "Fuling pickle," made from a large, radish-like vegetable indigenous to the area. It is also the location of former U.S. Peace Corps teacher Peter Hessler's best-selling memoir River Town: Two Years on the Yangtze.

History

In the middle and late part of Spring and Autumn Period, it was in the southern territory of the State of Ba. In the middle Warring States Period, it was part of the State of Chu. It was Zhi District (枳县) in 277 by the State of Qin. In 347 (during the Eastern Jin Dynasty), it became Fu Prefecture (涪郡), also known as Zicheng Prefecture (梓城郡). It became Fuling District (县) in the Sui Dynasty. It was Fu Prefecture (州) in 618 (during the Tang Dynasty). From the Yuan to the Qing Dynasty, Fu Department was part of Chongqing Prefecture (府).

In the early years of the Republic of China, Fuling County was part of Dongchuan Circuit (东川) until 1928 it became part of Sichuan Province.

In January 1950, Fuling Zhuanqu of Chuandong include the seven countites of:

  • Fuling
  • Nanchuan (南川)
  • Fengdu (丰都)
  • Shizhu (石柱)
  • Wulong (武隆)
  • Pengshui
  • Changshou (长寿)

In September 1952, Youyang Zhuanqu was abolished, and its counties of Qianjang, Youyang (酉阳), and Xiushan (秀山) were incorporated into Fuling Zhuanqu. The following year, Dianjiang (垫江) County was also assigned to Fuling. Fuling's Changshou became under Chongqing City in 1958. The zhuanqu was made a prefecture in 1968.

Fuling County was upgraded to a county-level city in 1983. The prefecture became a Three Gorges provincial planning region (三峡省筹备区域) the following year. In 1988, the counties of Qianjiang, Youyang, Shizhu, Xiushan, and Pengshui were separated into new prefecture of their own (Qianjiang Prefecture).

On November 5, 1995, Fuling Prefecture and the original county-level city were abolished. In the replace of the prefecture was the prefectural Fuling City, administer the 3 counties of Dianjiang, Wulong (武隆), and Fengdu, and Nanchuan City. It also includes the newly established districts of Zhicheng and Lidu (枳城、李渡).

The city was administered by Chongqing since September 1996 on behalf of the province, and became part of Chongqing Municipality the following year. In June 1998, Fuling city and its two districts were abolished. The districts became Fuling District. The rest subdivisions of the Fuling City persisted, but were directly governed by Chongqing.

Subdivisions

There are 5 sub-districts, 18 towns, and 14 townships. They in turn contain 719 administrative villages and 80 neighborhood committees (see Political divisions of China#Levels).

Sub-districts:

  • Lizhi (荔枝)
  • Dunren (敦仁办)
  • Chongyi (崇义办)
  • Jiangdong (江东办)
  • Jiangbei (江北办)

Townships:

  • Luoyun (罗云乡)
  • Shilong (石龙乡)
  • Lianghui (两汇乡)
  • Zengfu (增福乡)
  • Mingjia (明家乡)
  • Tongle (同乐乡)
  • Huimin (惠民乡)
  • Conglin (丛林乡)
  • Zhongfeng (中丰乡)
  • Renyu (仁义乡)
  • Jiudian (酒店乡)
  • Shanwo (山窝乡)
  • Longtan (龙塘乡)
  • Juandong (卷洞乡)

Towns:

  • Zhenxi (珍溪镇)
  • Shisheng (百胜镇)
  • Shitao (白涛镇)
  • Jishi (焦石镇)
  • Qingxi (清溪镇)
  • Nantuo (南沱镇)
  • Shituo (石沱镇)
  • Litu (李渡镇)
  • Zhen'an (镇安镇)
  • Zhihe (致韩镇)
  • Yihe (义和镇)
  • Xinmiao (新妙镇)
  • Longtan (龙潭镇)
  • Qingyang (青羊镇)
  • Baozi (堡子镇)
  • Linshi (蔺市镇)
  • Longqiao (龙桥镇)
  • Mawu (马武镇)

External links

Template:Chongqingzh:涪陵

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