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French Guiana

From Academic Kids

French Guiana (French: Guyane) is an overseas département (département d'outre-mer, or DOM) of France, located on the Caribbean coast of South America.

Guyane
Region Guyane
Official language French
Political statusNon-sovereign, overseas department of France
Department Number 973
Préfecture Cayenne
Sous-préfecture Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni
PrefectAnge Mancini
Head of Regional CouncilAntoine Karam
Head of General CouncilPierre Désert
Area
 - Total
 - % water
86,504 km²

Population


 - Total


 - Density


157,213 (1999 census)
185,000 (1.1.2004 estimates)


2/km²
Currency Euro
Time zone UTC -3
Calling Code594
Internet TLD.gf
Contents

History

Main article: History of French Guiana

First settled by the French in 1604, French Guiana was the site of notorious penal settlements (see Devil's Island) until 1951.

Politics

Main article: Politics of French Guiana

As an integral part of France, French Guiana is part of the European Union, the largest part in area outside Europe and the only part outside Europe that is not an island (other than the small Spanish towns of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa).

Geography

Main article: Geography of French Guiana

French Guiana is located on the North Atlantic coast of South America. To the west is Suriname, and Brazil is to the south and east.

See also: Communes of the Guyane département

Economy

Main Article: Economy of French Guiana

The European Space Agency launches its satellites from Centre Spatial Guyanais, Kourou.

Missing image
French_guiana_sm04.png
Map Of French Guiana

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of French Guiana

Miscellaneous

References

  • The CIA World Factbook 2000
  • Belbenoit, René. 1940. Hell on Trial. Translated from the Original French Manuscript by Preston Rambo. E. P Dutton & Co. Reprint by Blue Ribbon Books, New York, 1941. Reprint: Bantam Books, 1971.
  • Belbenoit, René. 1938. Dry guillotine: Fifteen years among the living dead. Reprint: Berkley (1975). ISBN 0425029506.
  • Charrière, Henri. Papillon. Reprints: Hart-Davis Macgibbon Ltd. 1970. ISBN 0246639873 (hbk); Perennial, 2001. ISBN 0060934794 (sbk).
  • French Guiana map (http://us.i1.yimg.com/us.yimg.com/i/travel/dg/maps/7a/750x750_frenchguiana_m.gif)


Countries in South America
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | Guyana | Panama | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Trinidad and Tobago | Uruguay | Venezuela
Dependencies: Falkland Islands | French Guiana


da:Fransk Guiana

de:Französisch-Guayana et:Prantsuse Guajaana es:Guayana Francesa eo:Franca Gviano fr:Guyane française gl:Güiana Francesa - Guyane française id:Guyana Perancis it:Guyana Francese he:גיאנה הצרפתית la:Guiana Francica zh-min-nan:Guyane nl:Frans-Guyana ja:フランス領ギアナ no:Fransk Guyana pl:Gujana Francuska pt:Guiana Francesa fi:Ranskan Guayana sv:Franska Guyana

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