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Frankfurt International Airport

From Academic Kids

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Frankfurt International Airport (German: Rhein-Main-Flughafen or Flughafen Frankfurt am Main) is located in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It is the largest airport in Germany and the second or third-largest in Europe (depending on which data are used), serving as an important hub for international flights from around the world. It is run by Fraport AG.

Frankfurt International is a hub of Lufthansa, the German flag carrier. Because of undercapacity in Frankfurt, Lufthansa divides traffic between Frankfurt and Munich's Franz Josef Strau International Airport when possible.

Frankfurt International currently serves more destinations than London's Heathrow International Airport, but in terms of passenger traffic, Frankfurt International is still in second place compared to Heathrow Airport (in a tie with Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport). Passenger traffic at Frankfurt International Airport in 2004 was 51.1 million, while at Heathrow Airport it was 67.3 million, and at Charles de Gaulle Airport 50.9 million. In terms of plane movements, Frankfurt was third with 458,865 planes, behind number one Charles de Gaulle Airport (515,025), and number two Heathrow (463,650). In terms of cargo traffic, Frankfurt was second with 1,750,000 t, just behind Charles de Gaulle Airport (1,723,700 t in 2003), but above Heathrow (1,300,420 t in 2003).

Paris' Charles de Gaulle International Airport may leave Frankfurt airport behind in the near future, as it is designed to be expandable, unlike Frankfurt, which is surrounded by towns and developed areas. Nevertheless there are plans to expand Frankfurt Airport with an additional runway, and to modify the airport to be able to service the new Airbus A-380 plane.

Contents

History

The Rhine-Main Airport and Airship Base opened in 1936, and was the second-largest airport in Germany (after Tempelhof Airport in Berlin) through World War II. After the war, it served as the main West German operations base for the Berlin Airlift.

In 1969, Ariana Flight 701, a Boeing 727 of Ariana Afghan Airlines was arriving to London Gatwick Airport from Frankfurt International when it crashed into a house, killing 50 of the 66 persons aboard. Two people died on the ground.

The airport did not emerge as a major international hub until 1972, when its new passenger terminal (now Terminal 1) opened.

Structure and function

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Frankfurt_Airport_tunnel.JPG
Frankfurt Airport tunnel

Frankfurt Airport has two passenger terminals, which are connected by corridors as well as by people mover and bus.

Terminal 1

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AirportFrankfurt_terminal1.jpg
Terminal 1

Terminal 1 opened on 14 March 1972. It was designed in a modern style for the period, with polished silver interiors and corrugated walls. It is divided into three concourses and is nearly completely modernized.

Concourse A

  • Adria Airways (Ljubljana, Vienna)
  • Air Baltic
  • Air Dolomiti
  • Air One
  • Austrian Airlines (Klagenfurt, Salzburg, Vienna)
  • British Midland
  • Lufthansa flies to Abu Dhabi, Abuja, Accra, Addis Ababa, Alexandria, Almaty, Amman, Amsterdam, Ashgabat, Asmara, Athens, Atlanta, Baku, Bangalore, Bangkok, Barcelona, Basle, Beijing, Beirut, Belgrade, [Berlin]], Bilbao, Birmingham, Bologna, Boston, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires, Cairo, Cape Town, Caracas, Casablanca, Chicago O'Hare, Cologne, Copenhagen, Dallas Ft. Worth, Dammam, Delhi, Denver, Detroit, Dresden, Dubai, Dublin, Dusseldorf, Edinburgh, Ekaterinburg, Faro, Florence, Friedrichshafen, Geneva, Gothenburg, Graz, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Hof-Plauen, Hong Kong, Houston, Innsbruck, Istanbul, Jakarta, Jeddah, Johannesburg, Kazan, Katowice, Khartoum, Kiev, Klagenfurt, Kuwait City, Lagos, Larnaca, Leipzig, Linz, Lisbon, London City Airport, London Heathrow, Los Angeles, Lyon, Madras, Madrid, Malaga, Malta, Manchester, Manila, Marseille, Mexico City, Miami, Milan Linate, Milan Malpensa, Minsk, Moscow Sheremetyevo, Muenster, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Nagoya, New York Kennedy, Newark, Nice, Nizhniy Novgorod, Nuremberg, Osaka, Oslo, Paderborn, Palma de Mallorca, Paris Charles de Gaulle, Perm, Philadelphia, Portland, Porto, Prague, Riga, Riyadh, Rome, Rostov, Samara, San Francisco, Sanaa, St. Petersburg, Santiago, Sao Paulo, Seoul Inchon, Shanghai, Singapore, Sofia, Stavanger, Stockholm, Stuttgart, Tallinn, Tehran, Tel Aviv, Tokyo, Toronto, Toulouse, Tripoli, Tunis, Turin, Ufa, Vancouver, Venice, Verona, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw, Washington Dulles, Zagreb, Zurich)
  • Luxair (Luxembourg)
  • SAS Scandinavian (Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Oslo, Stockholm
  • Spanair (Madrid)
  • Tyrolean

Concourse B

Concourse C

Terminal 2

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AirportFrankfurt_terminal2.jpg
Terminal 2

Terminal 2 opened on 24 October 1994. It is designed to resemble a classic railway station from its landside facade. It is divided into two concourses.

Concourse D

Concourse E

Other features

Frankfurt has two cargo terminals, North and South, as well as a separate General Aviation Terminal on the south side of the airport. There is a Sheraton hotel adjacent to Terminal 1.

Ground transportation

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Flughafen-Fernbahnsteig_Fahrstuhl-Frankfurt_am_Main.JPG
Airport Rail Station

Deutsche Bahn operates the AiRail Service in conjunction with Lufthansa, American Airlines and Emirates. The service operates to Bonn Hbf Rail Station, Cologne Hbf Rail Station, Dsseldorf Hbf Rail Station, Freiburg Hbf Rail Station, Hamburg Hbf Rail Station, Hanover Hbf Rail Station, Mannheim Hbf Rail Station, Munich Hbf Railway Station, Nuremberg Hbf Rail Station, and Stuttgart Hbf Rail Station. The railway station is adjacent to Terminal 1.

The airport is located adjacent to the A3 and A5 Autobahnen: taxis to the city center cost approximately 20 euro.

An S-Bahn connection to Frankfurt is available; it costs about €4. Trains take 12 minutes to reach Frankfurt centre-city stations and depart roughly every 15 minutes on weekdays from the regional train station underneath Terminal 1.

Various companies provide bus services to the airport.

External links

fr:Aroport de Francfort ja:フランクフルト国際空港 ro:Aeroportul Internaţional Frankfurt sv:Flughafen Frankfurt am Main

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